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Murray Darling Basin
Transcript of Murray Darling Basin
The Murray Darling Basin is a river that run through 14% of Australia's land. It runs through from Queensland to New South Wales to Victoria to the bottom of South Australia. It covers 15% of Queensland, 75% of NSW, 60% of Victoria and 7 % of South Australia.
Agricultural land covers a huge proportion of the basin. It covers 67% of the basin. The native forests also cover 32%.
What is it
Where does it begin and end?
The Murray Darling Basin begins at the north of Roma in Queensland to Goolwa in South Australia. In the middle of the basin is New South Wales .This is a large area of Australia as it covers more than 1 million square kilometers.
Where does it run through?
Introductory Flora and Fauna
What is the significant of the Murray Darling Basin
Blah Blah Blah
Murray Darling Basin
About the Murray Darling Basin
Murray Darling Basin PowerPoint Session 1
Where is it located?
The Murray Darling Basin is located in the south east part of Australia. It is 14% of Australia's land. This is over 1 million square km.
The Murray Darling basin runs through Queensland, NSW, Victoria and South Australia. It has 3 major rivers. It has the Murray, Darling and the Murrumbidgee river.
The Murray Darling Basin is a series of rivers that cover up 14% of Australia. They include catchments. More catchments are dams that we contain water from. The basin is also home to more than 2 million people. Most of this basin is a catchment of many rivers. These also helps us with our water supplies and this is the reason we have heaps of crops.
Flora and Fauna
Fauna Right Now
Fauna in the Past
The Murray Darling Basin is home to many plants and flowers. The Murray Darling Basin is a home to many different species of plants. It is home to over 2,000 species of different type of vegetation. Many trees have evolved from others and the most ancient tree that is still alive is the Leopard tree. 50% of flora covers the whole Murray Darling Basin. 45% of this Flora is all contained in National parks.
Flora Right Now
As many of the plant would have been richer in nutrient content the animal would have thrive and there would be healthier animals. The water wouldn't be polluted and would have been better in heath. Right now all the animals in the basin are protected because many of them are endangered. This means that they were more animal in the past.
Flora in the Past
The Murray Darling Basin is a series of rivers that is surrounded by heap of glorious Flora and Fauna. It is surrounded by trees and nature that are native to Aboriginals. Most of the animals and plants are dependent on the water supplies by the river.
History of the Murray Darling Basin
2 men in a tinnie a series of educational videos that help you learn about the Murray darling basin. In the series 2 men travel and the Murray Darling basin and discover and retrace back parts of history. They find interesting flora and fauna and talk about it.
I found it very interesting as talked about many native animals in Australia. It also has a lot of comedy. Between some of the talks they talked about some irrelevant things and this took up some time that could be used for educational purposes. It wasn't that engaging, but it made up for it with all the learning that gave us.
I would recommend this to children that love documentaries as it has heaps of information. In age groups I would recommend this to children aged 10 – 14.
Many of the flora would have been richer in nutrient as the environment wouldn't have been polluted. The air would have been richer and there would of been water to supplies.
The Murray Darling Basin is home to hundreds of species of native animals. The rivers and surrounding environments support many species of flora and fauna.
Many of the native plants and animals in the Basin are protected in national parks and other reserves, which comprise about 7% of the Basin's total area. The Basin is home to:
98 species of waterbirds
53 species of native frogs
46 species of snake
100 lizard species
Three species of freshwater turtle
124 families of macro invertebrates
At least 46 different species of native fish
At least 35 endangered species of birds
16 endangered species of mammals
Despite significant efforts to conserve remaining populations, at least 20 mammal species which lived in the Basin have already become extinct since European settlement.
When was the Murray Darling Basin Discovered?
There are 3 important names that helped in the discovery of what is known as the Murray Darling Basin today.
Charles Sturt - He discovered the connection to the Murray and Murrumbidgee on 14th January 1830.
Hamilton H. Hume and William H. Hovell – Discovered the Murray River (first named Hume) on the 16th November 1824.
Charles Throsby – Discovered the Murrumbidgee in April 1821.
All these people found all these rivers and all this collectively was named the Murray Darling Basin.
With this question it mostly means when did the European Settlement find the Murray Darling Basin as the Indigenous people of Australia have found these rivers and taken use to them. They use this top provide them with food and water.
What are the Indigenous Connections?
What was the importance of the Murray Darling Basin to the European Settlement?
I believe that the water is the importance of the Murray Darling Basin to the European Settlement. This is because the only reason the Europeans came to be is because of all the water. The water is the reason they are able to grow crops.
How did the Murray Darling Basin come to be?
Much of the Murray Darling Basin was here before the European Settlement came. Much of this water was all flowing. Now the water has been dammed because of need to grow crops. The only reason this has happened is because of the European Settlement.
The Murray Darling Basin has a whole lot of mysteries that have to be uncovered. Most of these mysteries are hidden in the past of the Murray Darling Basin.
I’m riding in my tinnie, named the Bismarck, through the Darling River through to the Murray River. Overall this is a 5000km journey. This is the 22nd riding this boat and it is doing the job well done. I’m John Doyle the first mate riding with the skipper Tim Flannery. So continues the Fractures Logs of the Bismarck.
As we are on the last stretch of the Darling River the water is filling up with a sort of plant. This is known as blue green algae. This area is a place for agriculture and the pesticides are killing the good algae. Thus making production of blue green algae rise. This water is as polluted as some people have told us as the herd of sheep have taken their last sip. This is how polluted the water is. As we past the dark area the water is not the Muddy Gutter as Henry Lawson described it.
We pull in to a halt as we stop at a school. The population of the school is 80 people. We ask a class of 16 to tell us about the river upstream. To our surprised they named every problem to the river. Our main concern is that we are passing this polluted water to our next generation so we can’t imagine what the stream will look like a few generations after. We went to go to our tinnie as a lady asked us to have some orange juice. We ask them how they use all this water and they have use high tech gadgets just to grow these crops. They have to use all this water as it is tough because of droughts.
Day 30 is a brilliant day as this is the day we enter the Murray River. More water is surrounded by life. All the birds’ surround the river and are starting new life. This is way more life than in the Darling. The water is amazing. Everyone is using it as transport. The paddle steamers and the idiotic jet ski riders.
Down the road we encounter a huge problem. All the water is all muddy because of one main fish, the carp. The scientist told us that this is an introduced species and is not supposed to be here. They have wiped out all the cod and is is not helping with all the fishermen. There is huge wall blocking all the cod from getting through. Lucky for them they have a lift that lifts them over the wall. Unfortunately all the fishermen are waiting on the other side.
We should start making a marine park for rivers not just reefs. In the reefs their also should be a ban of fishing so all the fish can breed. This should be the way to stop the cod from extinction.
The Indigenous connection to the Murray Darling Basin are all the fauna and flora. the Indigenous people of Australia cared for the fauna and flora. The Indigenous people of Australia knew the land and when the European people came they brought diseases which wiped out all the Indigenous people out. Luckily we have all the drawings of the Indigenous people and the flora and fauna.
The Indigenous people of Australia have also used the water of the Murray Darling Basin to find food and harvest the water from these streams. Since the European Settlement came and started agriculture the water has been invaded with pesticides killing all the good algae letting the Blue-Green Algae Flourish therefore getting the river poisoned.
How does the Murray Darling Basin effect the global environment?
Murray Darling Basin
I’m riding in my tinnie, named the Bismarck, through the Darling River through to the Murray River. Overall this is a 5000km journey. .I’m John Doyle the first mate riding with the skipper Tim Flannery. This voyage is mainly about the people downstream accusing the people upstream from stealing all the water.
As we travel the Darling the river becomes shallow. Good thing for us the Bismarck has a flat bottom. As we end up stopping we get of our tinnie and follow Henry Lawson footsteps. Henry Lawson Walked all the way downstream from the Darling and as we found out, it was really tiring. The Darling River started to take shape of the name Henry Lawson called it as he walked downstream. “The Muddy Gutter” was the name Henry Lawson called it. We continued down the path and came up to a mystical creature, a shingle-back. We had a good old time laughing about the shingle-back.
As we get back on the boat we encountered a creature, a butcher bird. It had really goofy head and fat wings. It also has a very interesting tune. I whistle the mimic the sound of this mystical bird. This is a really good part of relaxing as I get to see the butcher bird in its greatest form. Tim is just enjoying his fishing moments.
A weir with only a small flow of water stops our Bismarck adventure so we head across the river on foot to talk to residents of Wilcannia about the water problems. They say that it is a place that isn’t going anywhere and has nowhere to go since the river has gone. Kids can’t swim in the river as it is not healthy. The locals say the town is dying.
We suddenly come across a lot of backed up water where some trees are ‘drowning’. The lakes irrigate the Murray Darling, but we think great quantities must evaporate. We talk to the engineer associated with the Minindi Dam who tells us that the dam holds 2 million mega litres of water and 2.4 metres of water evaporates per year. The irrigators see this as a waste.
We travel further to Broken Hill. There has been so little water release that this city is now a vast wasteland with no water. Houses that were once waterfront, now front sand dunes. Walking through the landscape, Tim points out a fossil which I dig for. It shows an ancient land and an ancient jaw of the largest kangaroo that ever lived 60-70 thousand years ago.
We listen to the ladies of the town talk – they are dirty on the people upstream. They say that drought is just the natural climate for Australia, but damming has made it worse. Cotton is the king these days since the price of wool fell through the floor. Perhaps there needs to be a National Plan created rather than a State Plan.
Murray Darling Basin Questions