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Singapore

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Grittin Barnnamas

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Singapore

Singapore Southeast Asia (an island city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula) Where? European nation wants natural resources and their land. What? Colonized 6 February 1819 as a British trading post and settlement. 2 August 1824 as a British colony Great Britain colonized Singapore. Who were the key people involved in this movement? On 29 January 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles landed on the main island. Spotting its potential as a strategic trading post for Southeast Asia, Raffles signed a treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah on behalf of the British East India Company on 6 February 1819 to develop the southern part of Singapore as a British trading post and settlement. ( Indirect rule) Until 1824, Singapore was still a territory controlled by a Malay Sultan. It officially became a British colony on 2 August 1824 when John Crawfurd, the second resident of Singapore, officially made the whole island a British possession by signing a treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah in which the Sultan and the Temmenggong handed it over to the British East India Company, marking the start of the island's modern era. (Direct rule) What were the effects of colonization? -What were the benefits and drawbacks of colonization in this area for the colonizers? The benefits for the colonizers are that Singapore is an ideal place for settlement and trading post and sea ports. The sea ports in Singapore are mainly for being able to trade with China for tea, silk, spice and many other items. The drawback is that the colony of Singapore was invaded by the Japanese in world war II after six days of fighting the British surrendered on 15 February 1942, this makes the British lost the land to the Japanese. What were the benefits and drawbacks of colonization in this area for the indigenous people? Better railroads, English as the main language of Singapore. Diverse culture (Indian, Chinese and Natives), totally urbanized.

The drawback is that the natives has to pay heavy taxes for the colonizers and the natives are also in a lower class in the society because the British are their colonizers.
Indirect rule= colonial country uses local rulers to rule the colonized country. Direct rule= colonial uses their own men to go and govern the natives of the colonized country. The lasting effects on the colonized countries are the languages and cultures. We think that colonizing other countries has both positive and negative effects.


Positive=creates nationalism in the colonized country

Negative=the native people being stepped on, became slave, the nationalist were killed by colonizers.
First settlement (Pre-1819)

The first records of settlement in Singapore are from the 2nd century AD.[21] The island was an outpost of the Sumatran Srivijaya empire and originally had the Javanese name Temasek ('sea town'). Temasek became a significant trading settlement, but declined in the late 14th century. There are few remnants of old Temasek, but archaeologists have uncovered artifacts of that and other settlements.

Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, Singapore was part of the Sultanate of Johor. During the Malay-Portugal wars in 1613, the settlement was set ablaze by Portuguese troops.[22] The Portuguese subsequently held control in that century and the Dutch in the 18th, but throughout most of this time the island's population consisted mainly of fishermen. Independence (1946–present)

Following the war, the British government allowed Singapore to hold its first general election, in 1955, which was won by a pro-independence candidate, David Marshall, who became Chief Minister.
Citation:

"British Empire." British Empire. Wikipedia, 24 April 2010. Web. 25 Apr 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Empire>.

"Singapore." Singapore. Wikipedia, 24 April 2010. Web. 25 Apr 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore>.

"Geography of Singapore." Geography of Singapore. Wikipedia, 19 April 2010. Web. 25 Apr 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Singapore>.

"About Singapore." About Singapore. Funk & Wagnalls Corporation., 16 May 1997. Web. 26 Apr 2010. <http://quis.qub.ac.uk/sss/singenc.html>
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