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Transcript of HEALTH
A 'whole family' approach
Ear health and hearing
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Barkly fights FASD
What is FASD?
• There are a number of ear diseases but the most common one is called Otitis Media.
• Otitis media is caused by bacteria that enters the middle ear and leads to inflammation.
• The Eustachian tube gets blocked and this stops the airflow that keeps the middle ear healthy, fluid builds up in the middle ear and can become thick like glue.
• There is a high correlation between socio-economic factors and the incidence of otitis media e.g. - housing, poor nutrition and other environmental issues.
Statistics for Aboriginal Children
• In WA Indigenous children are twice as likely to have had Otitis Media as non-Indigenous children.
• The 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey found that 9% of Indigenous children in WA had ear or hearing problems, around 5% were completely or partially deaf.
• A 2010 Senate inquiry found that Aboriginal children suffer the highest rates of ear disease and hearing loss of any people in the world
• In a survey of 1000 Indigenous students from remote communities, 79% were found to have an educationally significant hearing disability.
• Studies conducted in rural and remote Aboriginal communities report that OM often occurs in infants within weeks of birth and repeated episodes frequently lead to chronic disease
Thursday, September 11, 2014
Vol I, No. 005
So to Summarise.....
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that the following program may contain images and voices of deceased persons.
Forefront of action
Role of educator - scaffolding
Margaret Parker, Josh Gough, Marsha Adlam, Sherree Brennan and Olivia Palermo
FASD can occur from moderate to high levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is an umbrella term used to describe several similar diagnoses, including Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), partial FAS (pFAS), Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) and Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) .
Sometimes FASD can look a little like Autism but is a very separate condition.
Teaching Strategies for children with hearing difficulties:
• Use of sound field amplification systems in classrooms where there is a high prevalence of hearing loss
• Modifying the physical environment to maximise listening and learning
• Use a variety of teaching methods including explicit teaching, whole group, one on one, peer scaffolding, print rich environment
• Negotiating culturally appropriate listening behaviours
• Facing the class when giving instructions
• Using a buddy system
Western Australian Association for Mental Health
CoPMI (Children of Parents with a Mental Illness)
SKIPS Program (Supporting Kids in Primary Schools)
Department of Health
Closing the Gap
COAG agreed to 6 specific targets designed to remedy the disadvantages in health, education and social outcomes experienced by Aboriginal Australians. These goals included -
close the life expectancy gap within a generation
halve the mortality rate of Indigenous children less than 5 years old within 10 years
access to Early Childhood Education for all Indigenous children in remote areas
halve the gap in reading, writing and numeracy in 10 years
halve the gap for year 12 attainment by 2020
halve the gap in employment outcomes within a decade
Thackrah, R. & Scott, K. (Eds.).
Indigenous Australian cultures: An introduction for health professionals.
Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Australia.
(n.d.). Retrieved 10 September 2014, from http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/aboriginal+Torres+strait+islander+health-1lp
Health, A. G. D. O. (2004, August 31). Welcome to the Department of Health. Retrieved 10 September 2014, from http://www.health.gov.au/HealthInfoNet, A. I. (2014, September 9). Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet - helping to ‘close the gap’ by providing the evidence base to inform practice and policy in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Retrieved 10 September 2014, from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/
Waamh. (2001, September 11). Home. Retrieved 10 September 2014, from http://waamh.org.au/
mainly men , believed serious illness was caused by bad spirits
performed sacred rites which would cure the ill
- mostly used externally
smoking of leaves
leaves over fire to inhale vapour
infusions to drink or use as washes
ointment - crushed leaves and animal fat
large leaves - bandages
sand, termite dirt, mud, and clay
rarely were 2 herbs mixed together
But wait.... there's more......
Traditional Aboriginal Medicines
1. Maximising positive relationships
2. Encouraging a nurturing environment
3. Maximizing opportunities for collaboration
4. Encouraging autonomy
5. Maximizing task engagement
We acknowledge the traditional custodians of this land and pay our respects to the elders both past, present and future for they hold the memories, the traditions, the culture and hopes of Aboriginal Australia. We must always remember that under the concrete and asphalt this land is, was and always will be traditional Aboriginal land.
Acknowledgment of Country
Research published by Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Published 10th September 2014
Research took place in 2012 and 2013
Impact on kids
Prevention is better than a cure
Consequences of Otitis Media
• May limit a child’s capacity to develop socially and emotionally.
• Poor listening skills
• Problems with attention and distraction
• If hearing loss occurs within the first five years it means that the child has missed out on much of his/her own language
• Three or more episodes of otitis media before the age of three years seriously hinders language development
• Greater difficulties processing language, especially voiceless sounds and vowels, which are in the lower register (‘soft’) and/or in unstressed positions in words;
• Delays in language comprehension and production.
• Fluctuating hearing loss can result in inconsistent language input, so no adequate models of language are available to build on when learning written literacy
• Reduced mathematical skills
• Reduced scores on intelligence tests
• Behavioural problems
• Early school dropout and poor employment prospects due to limited education
• A federal inquiry into hearing health repeatedly found a relationship between hearing loss and early Aboriginal justice problems which limits life chances of the young Aboriginal generation in education, employment and justice.