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The Treaty of Tordesillas

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Daniel Hare

on 4 September 2015

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Transcript of The Treaty of Tordesillas

The Treaty of Tordesillas
Mr. Hare
Global Studies
September 2015
Just the facts:
Who: Ferdinand II: King of Spain
Isabella I: Queen of Spain
John II: King of Portugal
Alexander VI: Pope 1492-1503
Julius II: Pope 1503 - 1513

What: a treaty that established a Line of Demarcation to determine territorial rights of Spain and Portugal and avoid future disputes

When: June 7, 1494

Where: Tordesillas, Spain
intended
results

unintended results
How?
initially Line of Demarcation created by Alexander
ran north/south through Atlantic Ocean
L.O.D. not satisfactory to King John II wanted to move more to West
Original L.O.D ratified to become Treaty of Tordesillas
Advantage Portugal:
protects sea route to India
establishes colonies in Africa and Asia
gains eastern half of South America (Brazil)
Why?
effectively ended the exploration rivalry between Spain and Portugal
established New World colonization rights for both
tapped into potential colonies, natural resources, and trade routes
Advantage Spain...
gains western portion of South America
creates profitable colonies in the Americas
earns reputation of dominant Central/South American power due to copious natural resources

And the rest of the world?
did not allow lands previously claimed by other Christian countries to be taken away by Spain and Portugal
But other countries could not claim new land either
defined property rights based on the assumption that the world is flat
all good until 1521. Magellan proves the world is actually round
What were the
long-term implications of the TOT? How might it still be influential today?
Full transcript