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To what extent should Canadians support Social programs and

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India McIsaac

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of To what extent should Canadians support Social programs and

Chapter 8:
To what extent should Canadians support Social programs and Taxation.

Chapter Summary
Canadians should support Social programs because not everyone is able to work. People that have disabilities, are paraplegic or have an illnesses, are helped through social programs, such as welfare. Social Programs also assist children that no longer have a home, which are vital to our society. You never know what is going to happen to you, or your family, so you should always support social programs because you never know if that will be you. Canadians should also support taxation because taxes pay for essential things such as transportation, education and health.
How do decisions about social programs and taxation in Canada and the USA attempt to meet the needs of citizens?
What are Social Programs?
Social Programs are provided by the government and paid for by taxes. They aim to reduce the economic inequalities in society and promote the well-being of all citizens.
Social Programs can include healthcare, pensions for seniors, income assistance, education, affordable housing, child protection services, employment insurance, child care and even more!!
In Canada, the government generally supports the idea of using taxes to provide services to citizens. In the U.S., government support this idea less.

Example of Health Care:
Canada has public health care. This means that public funds, taxes, pay for it. The U.S. has private health care. This means individual citizens cover the costs of their own medical needs. It also means that health care is more like a business, where people can offer health care is more like a business, where people can offer health services to make a profit.
How does paying or not paying taxes affect social programs and quality of life?
Taxation Models:
Lychak, P; et al. (2008). Issues for Canadians: Student Edition. Canada. Thompson Nelson, 266-297

Income Taxes in Canada, Retrieved May 11th, 2015, from, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Income_taxes_in_Canada

Room 611: 2012-02-24, Retrieved May 13th, 2015, from, http://youngatvanier.blogspot.ca/2013_02_24_archive.html

What values shape the economic policies of political parties on social programs and taxation?
What's a political platform
Government Responsibilities and Social Programs in Canada
Different levels of government provide and fund social programs in Canada. This is because, under Canada's constitution, the federal and provincial governments have different responsibilities. For example, under Canada's constitution:
The provinces have responsibility for health care. This ensures citizens in different provinces can have a role in shaping health care to fit their unique views, perspectives and needs.
The federal government has responsibility for "peace, order and good government." It can pass laws such as the Canadian Health Act, that affect the way provinces carry out their responsibilities.
What's the connection between taxation and social programs:
Government collects taxes to pay for the services it provides to cities, such as social programs.
In Canada, both the federal and provincial governments collect taxes. The federal government transfers some of the taxes it collects tot he provinces. For social programs, these transfers include the Canada Health Transfer and the Canada Social Transfer.
Individual Canadian citizens pay two kinds for tax to the federal government and to their provincial government: income tax and sales tax.
Income tax is based on what you earn: The more money you ear, the more tax you pay.
Sales taxes are based on what you send on products and services, the more you spend, the more tax you pay. The federal good and services tax is a sales tax that ever body in Canada pays.

What do Taxes Pay for in Canada?
Recreation and Culture 2%
Health 10%
Environment 1%
Education 3%
Debt Charges 15%
Foreign Affairs and International Assistance 3%
Transportation and Communication 2%
Social Serves 32%
Protection of Persons and Property 12%
Resource Conservation and Industry 4%
Other 16%
What do Taxes Pay for in Alberta

Recreation and Culture 2%
Health 33#
Environment 2%
Education 25%
Debt Charges 2%
Transportation and Communication 6%
Social Services 15%
Protection and Persons and Property 3%
Resource Conversation and Industry 7%
Other 5%
In all countries, it's against the law to avoid paying taxes. Canadians must report what they earn, so government can determine and collect the tax they owe.
The economic activity that governments tax is called the tax base. The tax base pays for the services provided by the government, such as social programs.
Tax evasion involves not reporting your economic activity so government cannot collect the tax you owe.
People who work without paying taxes are part of the underground economy. It can also be called the black market, and the purpose is for it to stay hidden from the government.

Examples of the underground economy is people working for only cash, instead of checks, or anything that adds GST on. That way it doesn't show that the person has cash, and therefore they won't get charged more in taxes.
A political platform describes the official policies of a political party. It reflects a variety of issues, including those liked to social programs and taxation models.
Political parties create platforms to reflect he values of their members. Parties also consult constituents in ridings to learn more about issues the concern voters.
Parties add and remove policies as issues become more or less important to their member and to voters. Issues can change in response to local, nationals and world events.
Example of Political Platforms in Canada:
Key Points:
Bloc Québécious:
Climate change, child care, and employment
Conservative Party of Canada
: Crime, leadership, and lower taxes
Green Party of Canada:
Climate change, culture and identity, equality for women
Liberal Party of Canada:
Communities, economy, and equality for women
New Democratic Party of Canada:
Education, health care, and environment.
Full transcript