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Transcript of Propaganda Movement
- wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Taga-Ilog"
The Propaganda Movement called for the assimilation of the Philippines as a province of Spain so that the same laws will be applied in the Philippines and that the
inhabitants of the Philippines will experience the same civil liberties and rights as that of a Spanish citizen
Propaganda Movement was a literary and cultural organization formed in 1872 by Filipino émigrés who had settled in Europe.
The aim of the propaganda was peaceful assimilation, referring to the transition of the Philippines from being a colony to a province of Spain.
The propagandists believed that it would be if the Filipinos become Spanish citizens, since they are enjoying the same rights and privileges from the latter.
The Propaganda Movement did not seek independence from Spaniards but REFORMS.
Leading propagandists & their pen names
Most Prominent Members of Propaganda:
Jose Rizal, Graciano Lopez Jaena and Marcelo H. del Pilar
Jose Rizal - Laong laan / Dimasalang
Graciano López Jaena -Diego laura
Mariano Ponce -Tikbalang, Kalipulako, Naning
Marcelo H. del Pilar - Plaridel/ Pupdoh/ Piping dilat / Dolores manapat
Antonio Luna - Taga-ilog
Jose Maria Panganiban – Jomapa
Juan Luna & Felix Ressurreccion – painters
Eduardo de Lete
Antonio Maria Regidor
Isabelo delos Reyes - folklorist and newspaperman
Pedro Paterno – lawyer, man of letters
Dominador Gomez – Ramiro Franco
• Ferdinand Blumentritt - Austrian ethnologist
• Miguel Sagrario Morayta - Spanish historian, university professor and statesman)
1) Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality
2) Assimilation of the Philippines as a province of Spain
3) Restoration of the Philippine representation in the Spanish Cortes
4) Secularization of Philippine parishes
5) Human rights for Filipinos
that helped in awakening Phil-nationalism
Literary works of the Propagandists
“Sa Aking mga Kababata”
Author of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo published in 1886 and1891
wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Laon Laan"
he was 8 years old
Marcelo H. del Pilar
editor and co-publisher of the La Solidaridad
and wrote under the name "Plaridel"
writer and speaker who put up the newspaper Diarion Tagalog in 1882.
His favorite topic was the friars.
"Caiingat Cayo", "Dasalan at Tocsohan," and "Ang Sampung Kautusan ng mga Prayle"
publisher of La Solidaridad. Lopez Jaena was a brilliant orator who wrote such pieces as "Fray Botod," "Esperanza," and "La Hija del Fraile," which all criticized the abuses of Spanish friars in the Philippines.
Jose Maria Panganiban
wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Tikbalang"
Who were the counter propagandists?
1. Spain was very much preoccupied with their own internal problems and did not have time to consider the colonial problems aired by the propaganda through La Solidaridad.
2. The friars countered all attacks of the reformists through their newspaper in the Philippines entitled La Politica de Espana en Filipinas.
3. Petty quarrels among the reformists made them disunited.
4. Lack of finances to support the
propaganda activities in Europe.
Why did the Propaganda Movement fail?
Thank you for
: The Novelist
: the Orator
: The Journalist
Friends of the Movement
• Frey Jose Rodriguez – first friar to attack the
because Rizal exposed the stupidities and imbecilities of Rodriguez
• Fray Salvador font – wrote the report of the censorship commission banning the Noli.
• Governor General Despujol – arrested Rizal when he found out about the Liga.
Graciano López Jaena
Among the articles he published were "El Pensamiento", "La Universidad de Manila: Su Plan de Estudio", and "Los Nuevos Ayuntamientos de Filipinas". He continued to write popems and short stories, including "Ang Lupang Tinubuan", "Noches en Mambulao", "Sa Aking buhay", "Bahia de Mambulao", "La Mejerde Oro", "Amor mio", "Clarita Perez" and "Kandeng".
wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Jomapa"