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Moving Timeline: 1920's and 1930's

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Samantha LeMaster

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Moving Timeline: 1920's and 1930's

1920s Class Issues
Middle class growing; conflicting with lower and upper classes
More people growing up in cities than on farms; creates conflict between urban and suburban/rural classes

Time of prosperity, but not equal amounts of prosperity across all classes
Labor movement struggled; some of working class still working 12-hour days

Support of prohibition largely reflected class
Middle class whites supported as way to control working class immigrants

1920s Gender Issues
• Married white women came in to their own
o Wanted to juggle careers and family together
o Deemed the “new modern housewife”
• Pre-marital affairs became more common because they didn’t need men for financial security
• Strive for economic independence, and challenged the submissive ideals
• “Flapper girls” were seen as provocative, self- indulged, and independent
• Intersection between race and gender as African American women pursued personal and employment freedom
• 19th amendment, ratified at the start of the decade, giving women the right to vote, reinforced the notion of freedom of choice

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president. His promise of a New Deal and a “Black Cabinet” in 1933 attracts many negro voters to the Democratic Party.
NAACP begings legal campaign to desegregate education
Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at the Summer Olympics in Berlin
When Depression started, whites wanted all African americans to be out of work so that they could have the jobs
Lynchings surged in 1933
“In the 1930s the [Communist] Party helped publicize the Scottsboro Boys rape case.   In 1931, nine young African American men were charged with the rape of two white women in Scottsboro, Alabama.   The men were charged, tried, and sentenced to death for the crimes.   The case was based on false testimony and the men were essentially convicted because of their race.”
1930s Race Issues
1930s Gender Issues
• The Great Depression pulled women back to the traditional homemaker roles
• 1932-1937: Federal law stated that there could only be one employed person in each household women were kicked out of their positions to make room for men, especially in teaching
• Valued social companionship with husbands for survival led to more partnership dances
• 1938: only 1/5th of the women’s workforce is employed

Rise of second Klan --> peaked in the 20’s
African American club industry growing in Harlem
Birth of jazz music accredited to African Americans but it was taken over by middle class white population
Louis Armstrong became a foundational influence in jazz
The term WASP was created: White Anglo Saxon Protestant
Harlem Renaissance started, also known as the New Negro Movement
Separate but equal schools in Louisiana
1926: someone classified as a “negro” if they have at least one quarter “negro” blood in them
1930s Class Issues
Works Cited
1/4 of workers unemployed because of Great Depression; disparity in farms because of the Dust Bowl
Deeper class differences - Rich lost some of their wealth, but were not struggling to survive like many previously-middle class or working class individuals
Richer individuals angered by New Deal because of redistribution of their wealth to lower classes
1934 Strikes: half a million workers from different industries went on strike
1920s Race Issues

• Big Band and Swing
• Important Singers: Duke Ellington "It Don't Mean a Thing" (Younger People)
• One of the most popular songs of the decade .
• Bing Crosby “Brother, Can You Spare a Dime” (Older People)
• This song spoke of the Great Depression.
• Other famous singers:
• Benny Goodman “Sing, Sing, Sing”, Glenn Miller “In the Mood” & Tommy Dorsey
On the Sunny Side of the Street”
• Popular Broadway Musicals:
• Strike Up the Band, Girl Crazy, & Oh Thee I Sing
• By: George and Ira Gershwin

• Blues, Jazz, & Devil's Music
• Important Singers:
• “Nobody Knows You When You’re Down and Out”
• Bessie Smith- “Empress of Blues”
• “They Can’t Take That Away From Me”
• Louis Armstrong
• Sentimental Ballads:
• “I’ll Be With You in Apple Blossom Time” Andrew Sisters
• “I’m Just Wild About Harry” Judy Garland
• The Cotton Club: nightclub in Harlem, New York.
(White’s only but many Black entertainers and jazz musicians were featured there.)

1920s Music
1930's Music
Lets Dance!
Full transcript