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APHG: Chapter 3_KI #4 Why do Migrants Face Obstacles?

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Sean Morris

on 29 September 2015

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Transcript of APHG: Chapter 3_KI #4 Why do Migrants Face Obstacles?

APHG: Chapter 3_KI #4 Why do Migrants Face Obstacles?
Intervening Obstacles
Historically Environmental
Demand to
Immigrate
Illegal Migration
Attitudes toward Immigrants
Plays an important economic role, by creates fear of culture loss.
Controlling Migration
U.S. Quota Laws
U.S. Concerns
Border Security
The Eurozone is a supranational organization.
Southeastern to Southwestern Europe.
Eastern to Western Europe
Northern to Southern Europe
Tech = Increased Mobility
Recently Political
Mountains
Deserts
Oceans

Immigration Policies
Language/Religion

The Quota Act of 1921 & The National Origins Act of 1924
Established quotas or limits on the number of people who could emigrate within a one year period.
1924: 2% of the number of immigrants already living in the U.S. could come in each year.
1965: quotas for individual countries were replaced with hemisphere quotas.
1978: Global quota was set including a maximum of 20,000 per country.
1990: Global quota was raised to 700,000
Congress set 3 Preferences
Family Reunification
Skilled Workers
Diversity
Brain Drain is the large-scale emigration by talented people: scientists, researchers, and doctors.
Eventually these immigrants can bring a wider range of relatives Asia.
Chain Migration individuals come over in stages.
This creates
ethnic neighborhoods or enclaves
.
Supply of
Visas
Undocumented or Unauthorized immigrants
Characteristics:
Source Country: 58% Mexico
Children: 1 million children, 4.5 children of illegal migrants.
Labor Force: 8 Million in the labor force (5% of work force) Low-skill Low pay
Distribution: California, Texas largest #. Nevada largest %
2010 est. 11.2 million (peak in 2007)
1,951 miles
Porous
Border: Brownsville and Matamoros
Cultural Landscape
Characteristics of Migrants:
Ravenstein
Most long distance migrants are adult males
55% of immigrants to the U.S. in 19th and most of the 20th centuries.
But reversed in the 1990's, currently women make up 55% of immigrants to the U.S.
Reflect higher status
Chain Migration
40%
5%
16%
Young Adults 25-39
Over 65
Under 15
Have less than 4 years of education
Workplace
Civil Rights
Local initiatives
Desire more effective border patrols, but don't want to pay for it.
Want a work program, don't want
raids on businesses, want a path to citizenship.
Desire citizenship to be
verified, but fear it may
violate civil rights. ie. Arizona
Believe it is the federal governments responsibility, but some support "Sanctuary Cities."
More rights for undocumented migrants
2010: Homeland Security deported a
record 390,000
undocumented immigrants.
Nativism:
The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
European Concerns
Increased Mobility
Common Currency
Schengen Treaty (1985)
Hold a job, live permanently, and own property in any member state of the European Union.
Jobs
Climate
But increasing difficult for
non-Europeans to immigrate.
Opponents of Immigration:
Most european countries are in Stage IV, with functioning economies. European States no longer need a "Safety Valve" and depend on immigrants.
Immigrants are used as scapegoats, blamed for crime, unemployment, and high welfare costs.
Coyote: Refers to someone who takes payment to smuggle illegal migrants into the U.S. from Mexico.
Xenophobia:

Intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries.
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