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Constructivism & The Circle of Courage

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Nancy L

on 9 November 2016

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Transcript of Constructivism & The Circle of Courage

The Circle of Courage

Bloom (2009)
Activity -- Sharing Circle: what is constructivism? What is social constructivism?
The Circle of Courage
4 spirits:
Completing the Circle
Learners = active participants
Construct learning and understanding based on past & present experiences and knowledge
Learning is a creative and social process.
social interaction = key means of learning both academic and social behaviours
Opportunities for learning prosocial behaviours, effective communication, and democratic values
The Circle of Courage
Holistic approach to childrearing and community building
Medicine Wheel
Basic principle corresponds to the social constructivist framework for child development
4 central values/"spirits":
In order to create healthy individuals and communities, each spirit must be supported and fostered in the classroom and in students
Misbehaviour can be linked to a gap in the circle
To prevent misbehaviour, provide an equal support of all 4 spirits
What do you think about this idea?
Do you like it?
Why/Why not?
Could you see yourself using this approach in your classroom?
What is it?
Psychological attachment: strong affectional bond between individuals. Reflects an enduring relationship
Cooperative learning
Democratic classroom practices
School attachment
Why foster it?
Related to mental, emotional, and physical well-being
Increased academic engagement and success
Can help prevent the development of misbehaviour and undesirable habits.
How to foster it?
Help students develop ownership of the classroom
Student-centered classrooms
"We missed you yesterday and are happy you are back with us."
What is it?
Competence is an inherent psychological need of all human beings
Emphasis on perceived level of competence
Bandura's 6 Factors: mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, social persuasion, emotional & psychological state, stereotype threat, goal structure of the classroom
Why foster it?
Learners thrive in classrooms when they feel they can be successful
High sense of self-efficacy encourages effort to achieve success
Energy focused on being successful in school, = decreased motivation to direct attention towards misbehaviour
How to foster it?
Avoid competitive grading practices and activities
Help students focus on progress, and attribute success to effort and ability
"This is hard, but I think if you keep trying, you will get it."
What is it?
One's sense of control and responsibility over their actions
Peacemakers (conflict resolution programs)
Classroom management WITH students
Why foster it?
Crucial role in growth and development
Self-discipline & self-responsibility
More actively engaged students
Prepares responsible participation in citizenship
How to foster it?
Provide opportunities to make choices
Teach conflict resolution skills
Support autonomy: gain student perspectives, nurture independence
"What would be the best way to make sure we leave our classroom clean every afternoon?"
What is it?
The sense that one can and should contribute to the community, consider the welfare of others, and share personal and human resources
Caring -> helps to establish a community, make students feel empowered and competent
Why foster it?
Establishes a sense of self-worth
Encourages altruistic behaviour and fosters the building and support of communities within and outside of the classroom
Feelings of self-worth, importance, and competence help promote positive behaviour and a positive classroom environment
How to foster it?
Cooperative learning activities
Service learning projects
Authentic learning tasks
Acknowledge instances of caring in the classroom
"I appreciate how you helped Charlie with his math."
Fill in the 4 spirits of the Circle of Courage and how each can be actively fostered in a classroom
Full transcript