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How does tourism affect the environment?

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theo garrard

on 26 February 2016

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Transcript of How does tourism affect the environment?

Where is Box Hill located?
Box Hill is in Juniper Hall, Surrey, at the location of a six-figure grid reference, TQ 175 520. It is known as an "Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty." This was named this by the National Trust.
We are going to create a testable and specific hypothesis and carry out a variety of field work methods.
Our aim is to investigate the impact of visitors on the vegetation and enviroment of Box Hill.

Rich and Diverse Fauna
Flora
My Hypothesis
I chose the Visitors Centre to be affected the most by tourism because many people go there to eat and there are lots of tourist shops and places to buy foods and drinks.
In my trampling investigation, I thought that the further away from the path, the richer the nutrients of the soil will be and the taller the plants will be.
Conclusion
Summarising, the Viewpoint turned out to be the most populated and polluted place. The Visitors Centre was in a close second, with air pollution and grafitti scoring high ratings. My hypothesis was wrong.
The Trampling Investigation proved to be successful - the further away from the path, the richer the soil and the taller plants. This is because people normally walk on the path going up the Burford Spur rather than off-path.

Bibliography
https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_Hill,_Surrey
https://www.google.co.uk/maps

How does tourism affect the environment?
By Theo Garrard
Current school: Yardley Court

Introduction
The area of Box Hill has a vast area of 1200 acres, the equivalent to approximately 1000 football pitches! Every year, Box Hill records about 1 million visitors, as it is a place belonging to the National Trust. For almost 200 years, people have been visitng Box Hill, which was well known for the Box Trees (40% of the UK's) and the Box Hill Bug. When the new train station was established, more people visited as they came by train from London, so the Box Hill population.

An Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty
The Viewpoint
The Visitors Centre
The Burford Spur
Lodge Hill
Black Ash Slug
Purse web Spider
Box Bug
In 2012, Box Hill recorded about 3 million visitors, as they wanted to spectate the 2012 Olympic Games Cycling!
Box Hill on the map
In an area of improved grassland, has up to 5 species of plants per metre squared.
Though on an area of unimproved grassland, it has around 40-50 species per metre squared.
Box Hill got its name from Box Trees, 40% of which in the UK are at Box Hill.
Rare species such as wild orchids, wild flowers and wild herbs can be found here.
Common Spotted
orchid
Man Orchid
Bee Orchid
Fly Orchid
Method
We chose six different areas of criteria: dog fouling, litter, air pollution (noise), air quality, vandalism and space. On a scale of 0-5, (0 being perfect and 5 being awful quality).
In the trampling investigation, we placed a quadrat down and inspected each square. There were 25 of them. We took note of how many different species there were and how tall the tallest plant was.
Equipment we used
Quadrat
Soil Pin
Measuring Tape
Metre Ruler
Results: On Path
Results: Off Path
If this experiment were done again, I would definitely we would repeat each test five times and work out an average for the total
Results analysis
My results showed that offf-path had higher plants, as, I think not as many people walk off-path, yet they trample the path to the top of the Burford Spur. Plants are still able to live, so the number of different species are still relatively the same. As we moved further away from the path, the soil gradually became deeper. I think this is the result of erosion due to humans straying from the path.
Test Limitations
Time - the evening and the morning would have different results
Date - a wintry day in December and a summers day in July would bring different results
Thanks for watching
Full transcript