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Korea

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Me, Myself & I

on 19 December 2015

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Transcript of Korea

* korea has 2413 km of coast along 3 seas (west - yellow sea, south - east china sea, east - 'ulleung-do' and 'lian court rocks (dokdo)' in the sea of Japan
Korea: the country
national flower:
rose of sharon
national bird:
korean magpie
national flag:
'taegeuki'
1 USD => 1121.55 KRW
national currency:
south korean won
South Korea

> korea is a transitional area between the continental
landmasses of northeast asia and the 'archipelago'
near western pacific ocean
climate
Korea:
geography
in 1945, korea was mainly agricultural. economy and industry was boosted and converted to more services the next decades with big help from the 1999 summer olympics and 2000 japan/korea football world cup
industry & economy
c
The
the end.
this link is for the modernised version, arranged for a movie (it sounds reallyreally nice if you have time and want to check it out)
music piece: arirang
Music ISP ~ South Korea
country capital: Seoul
south korea is the bottom part of the korean peninsula in asia
world map
south korea
sorry this quality is horrible
continental map
map of simply south korea
Grace Gong - HR158
coat of arms:
national animal:
tiger
national motto:
'benefit all mankind'
> can be categorised as mainly 'temperate monsoon climate'
> 4 distinct seasons, same as canada
> annual precipitation is around 1,500 mm in central
region (+50% rainfall is from summer, -10% is from winter)
general information
> relative humidity:
highest ~ July at 80-90% nationwide
lowest ~ January & April at 30-60%
moderate ~ September & October at about 70%
> korea is less vulnerable to typhoons than japan, taiwan,
china's east coast and the philippines with 1-3 typhoons per
year (usually in late summer)
seasons & temperature
graph of average humidity in Seoul of recent year
graph of precipitation in Seoul of recent year
> winter winds - northwesterly
> august is the hottest month with
20-26 degrees celsius

average temperature
> winter and summer are significantly different
(bitterly cold winter because of Siberian air mass)
(hot & humid summer because of maritime pacific high)
> overall temperature is slightly lower than that of other
areas at the same latitude ie North America, Western
Europe
(Seoul temperatures are similar to NY which is
500km farther north)
spring
trees, grass bud, and flowers
(ie azaleas, forsythias, royal azaleas)
bloom.
in april & may when flowers are in full bloom, people often visit mountains and/or parks
sometimes very dry
(caused by the Yangtze River air mass)
, resulting in mountain fires
this dryness is called 'migratory anticyclone
in rural areas, spring's when you start planting rice, potatoes, sow veggie seeds, and prune fruit tree branches
'asian dust phenomenon' is most prominent in spring: Gobi desert dust is carried by winds to korea.
when severe, people are advised to wear goggles/mask for protection from possible eye/respiratory irritation
summer
> high temperature, humid air
(because of maritime pacific high)
,
high use of ac and fans, winds are southeasterly
graph of temperature in seoul of recent year
> many fruits and veggies:
watermelons, melons, peaches
and
mountains are covered with greenery such as grass, trees,
bushes
> people often go to mountains, beaches, the sea, and valleys to
spend the holiday and escape the scorching heat
> season of beautiful foliage, gingko trees, and maple tree leaves in hues of
orange, yellow and crimson red
autumn
> people often go hiking in the mountains to enjoy the landscapes formed by fiery-coloured treetops
> bountiful harvest:
rice, sweet potatoes, apples, pears, jujubes ripen
> autumn is called the season of 'cheongomabi'
(literally meaning "the sky is high and the horses get fat")
since autumn skies are blue and clear and the harvest produces plenty of food to eat
> days are shorter
(later sunrises and earlier sunrises)
winter
> in rural areas, arable land and farming is left alone until spring
(but some veggies are grown in vinyl greenhouses)
> gimjang takes place
(will be discussed in 'culture')
> samhansaon phenomenon is repeated: 3 cold days, then 4 warm ones for a 7-day cycle
(the ratio is 3:4 but is now less predictable from climate change)
* korea's landmass is about 100,032 square kilometers geographically. 290 square kilometers of south korea is occupied by water bodies
* approximate coordinates are 37 N, 127 30 E
* korea has a huge amount of islands, more than 3,300 adjacent of the peninsula, mostly along the south & west coasts, with the largest one being the 1,845 square kilometers Jeju island "the island of the gods"
* south korea is about the size of portugal or hungary
* highest point in south korea is 'Halla-san', an extinct volcano island reaching 1,950 m above sea level
* highest point on south korea mainland: 'Chiri-san' at 1,915 m above sea level
* korea is on the Eurasian tectonic plate with mountainous land that is mostly not arable
* after the korean war, the 'korean demilitarised zone' (DMZ) formed the north and south korea boundary. the DMZ is a heavily guarded 4,000 m wide strip of land that runs along 'korean armistic agreement's' demarcation line for 241 km from east to west coasts
* northern border is formed by 'Amnokkang' (Yalu) and 'Tuman-gang' (Tumen) rivers. a 16 km section of Tumen forms a natural border with russia
* 4 general regions in korea
~ eastern: high mountain ranges and narrow coastal plains
~ western: broad coastal plains, river basins, rolling hills
~ southwestern: mountains, valleys
~ southeastern: dominated by the broad basin of the
Nakdong river
* 3 artificial lakes (Uiam, Ch'unch'on, Soyang) connected by rivers all near Ch'unch'on, giving the city its nickname: the city of lakes
* 4 major rivers: Han, Kum Rivers (these flow west to the yellow sea), Nakdong, Somjin Rivers (these flow south to the korean strait)
* natural resources include coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydro-power potential
* 10 nuclear plants provide nearly 40% of south korea's electricity
* most important crop is rice (south korea produces more than three times north korea)
55% of GDP is the service industry (especially department stores, store chains, and supermarkets)
more than 40% of GDP is manufacturing (such as textiles, steel, shipbuilding, cars, electronics)
about 4% of GDP is agriculture (mainly rice, followed by barley, wheat, corn, soybeans, chilli peppers, sweet potatoes, chinese cabbage, apples)
economic freedom score is 71.2, making korea the 31st freest country in the 2014 index and the 8th freest in the 42 countries of the Asia-Pacific region
MAIN IMPORTS:
MAIN EXPORTS:
>> mineral fuels
>> electric & mechanical equipment
>> iron
>> steel
{
}
>> electric & electronic goods
>> machinery
>> vehicles
>> ships & boats
{
}
MAIN TRADE
PARTNERS:
[
]
>> china
>> japan
>> european union
>> usa
(both import & export)
top 3 korean manufacturers
H Y U N D A I
* founded in 1947 by Chung Ju-Yung
as a construction company
* is now 5 legally independent groups:
1. hyundai group
2. hyundai & kia
3. hyundai department store group
4. hyundai development group
5. hyundai heavy industries group
|
|
S A M S U N G
* founded in 1950 by Byung-Chul Lee
* includes:
-electronics-
|
|
-education-
-research-
-communication-
-entertainment-
-construction-
-engineering-
-retail services-
-financial services-
-chemical industries-
-heavy industries-
-machinery-
*
*
L G
* founded in 1947, was called 'Lucky
Goldstar' until 1955
* produces:
|
|
electronics
petrochemical products
mobile phones
* fun fact * korea is the world's largest producer of semiconductors
e
r
u
t
l
u
culture
koreans are descendants of tribes that migrated from central and northern asia
korea is one of the world's most ethnically homogeneous countries
there are no minority ethnic communities of significant size
there are 111 boys for every 100 girls
the language belongs to the Atlaic group of central asia, and was later influenced by japanese and english since the last korean war
korea has a rapidly aging population; in 1999, fertility rate fell to 1-4 per woman, well below replacement rate
49% south koreans are christian from unusual success in 19th century from christian missionaries
47% are buddhists
most of the rest practise confucianism or ancient folk traditions
the folk religion doesn't have organised scripture or temples and is based on shaman activity
confucianism still has influence today; boys are preferred
((most couples only have 2 children.
1 boy, 1 girl is ideal
2 boys is fine
2 girls is not acceptable))
in fact, some couples take advantage of modern technology to learn their child's gender before birth and abort females
traditional korean greeting is to bow, occasionally handshakes among men, women usually simply nod
it's important to address people with their professional title until invited by them to use their given names
korean names have 3 parts:
if you're not family or close friends, touching is considered inappropriate (sometimes going as far to call it 'personal violation')
((family name, then 2 part given name with the first part shared by all those in that generation))
ie. a family with family Byung might have children named Byung Yeol-Lee and Byung Yeol-Un
very very early on, koreans were put under chinese pressure as it was conquered by china in 108 BC
after driving the chinese out, it became divided into 3 rival kingdoms until 700 AD
korea grew and developed under massive influence by chinese culture
((this period was called the 3 kingdoms period))
((ie buddhism, confucianism, arts and architecture, written language influenced by chinese characters))
gimjang [as previously mentioned] is the household preparation of large quantities of kimchi to eat throughout the winter. it's a special event that takes place every late autumn-early winter.
Korea
aspect of
musical
during the 3 kingdoms period, more than 30 instruments were used, the important ones were of the zithers family
especially the '
gayageum
' used in Gaya 42-562 AD.
different versions of this it is still used
nowadays
, the original had
12
strings whereas now some have up to
25
early on, music diversified into 3 types:
dangak
- means music from Tang dynasty china
hyangak
- village music
aak
- court music
in 1493, a book of music in 3 categories was created
it was called 'akhak kwebom' ('music handbook')
'samullori' or 'samul nori' is 'a genre of traditional percussion music originating from korea' (musicians sometimes dances while performing)
'samul' means four objects'
'nori' means 'play'
the 4 traditional instruments samulnori is played by are:
kkwaenggwari - associated with thunder
(pungul) janggu - associated with rain
(sori) buk - associated with clouds
jing - associated with wind
'sinawi' is a form of korean music, still here in modern day, it's played with 6 instruments, often improvisationally. in the old days, sinawi would be played during/accompanying shaman rites
the traditional instruments used in sinawi are:
two flutes
haegeum
daegeum
janggu
buk
* however if you don't want to listen to it now, don't click it, the background music playing right now is the traditional version of arirang using a gayageum *
<= that's yuna-kim dancing to it during a free skate competition
arirang is a folk song that's so integrated into korean culture, it's basically korea's unoffical anthem. arirang is one of the things that 'ties' north and south korea together, as essentially everyone knows the song and at least one of the many version of it
many people from the older generations will feel deep emotion, sometimes tearing up, when singing or hearing arirang because of the meaning which will be discussed later
kim yuna (olympic figure skating champion) danced to this song in free skate
song so hee is a famous singer of arirang
this song was arranged into more a more modern version for a movie soundtrack
this song has been registered on UNESCO's Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
arirang is an over 600-year-old tragic song of abandonment, yearning and lost, it's also a symbol of korea's more recent turbulent history; a symbol of korea's struggle under japanese control
arirang literally means 'beautiful dear', but is also a name of a mountain pass which is incidentally what the song begins its story with
arirang's symbolism of tragedy, struggle and all the sadness makes it moving and very dear to all koreans
“Arirang represents all the joys and sorrow in the history and lives of Koreans. It is deeply rooted in Koreans’ emotions as the cultural DNA.”
~ National Folk Museum of Korea
"Arirang is not just a Korean folk song. Arirang meaning is deeper than that. Arirang song is a Korean identity, Korean love, blood and soul. When we are listening to Arirang song, it will raise the sense of nationality, patriotism and love about Korea. Arirang is… love. Arirang is…Korea"
~ Maria Margareta
ie. in the opening ceremony of the 2000 sydney olympics, athletes from both countries marched together for the first time since they've divided to arirang
background music will play once you click the next slide
http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/asia.html
http://www.mapsofworld.com/south-korea/
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/korea-south-administrative-map.htm
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http://www.weather-and-climate.com/average-monthly-Rainfall-Temperature-Sunshine,Seoul,South-Korea
http://www.weather-and-climate.com/average-monthly-Rainfall-Temperature-Sunshine,Seoul,South-Korea
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Full transcript