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Clauses

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by

Sarah Boltz

on 17 August 2016

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Transcript of Clauses

Clauses
Main Idea - What is a clause?
A group of words that contains a verb and its subject
Used as a sentence or part of a sentence
Dependent Clause (the needy child)
Does not express a complete thought and therefore cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence
Types of Dependent Clauses
Adjective
- acts as an adj., modifying a noun or pronoun
Adverb
- acts as an adverb, modifying a verb, adjective, or an adverb
Noun
- acts as a noun and may be used as a subject, an object of a preposition, or a complement (predicate nominative, direct object, indirect object)
Practice!
IND/DEP CLAUSES
1. ______
Amy was born in March
, but Amaya, her sister, was born in April.
2. ______
Because the students studied
, they all did well on the quiz.
3. ______
Bears hibernate during the winter
.
4. ______
Since the first class was cancelled
, the other classes played games.
5. ______ No one knows who stole the stapler
although we think it was Ben
.
6. ______ When a student is late,
the teacher marks him/her tardy
.
7. ______ Jonathan stole my lunch, so
I had to eat a cheese sandwich today
.
Independent Clause (the grown up)
Expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a complete sentence
1. School began an hour late.

2. I have Language Arts, Math, Social Studies, and Science classes today.
1.
because the icy weather caused a delay

2.
After I eat lunch
PRACTICE!
1. we memorized the lyrics
2. as they sat on the back porch
3. if no one is coming
4. my sister was born on Valentine's Day
5. since we talked to Caitlin
Directions: Identify each clause as independent or dependent. Underline the subject and circle the verb.
Adjective Clause
Booth killed Lincoln,
who was the 16th U.S. President
.

The gun
that he used
was a Deringer pistol.

The Lincolns were looking forward to happier times
when they would spend more time together
.

TRIGGER WORDS!
that, which, who, whom, whose / when, where, what
Adverb Clause
Herold knew the Maryland countryside better
than Booth did
.

Powell was determined to kill
because he was loyal to Booth and the assassination plan
.

When Powell attacked the Seward household
, they fought back.

TELLS where, when, how, why, to what extent, or under what condition
Noun Clause
SUB:
Whatever you decide
will be fine with us.

PN: Three dollars was
what Daniel offered for the trinket
.

DO: Tony remembered
who he was
.

IO: The waiter gives
whoever sits at the table
a menu.

OBJofPREP: The teachers talked about
what we should include on the test
.
Full transcript