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Worldwide Eating Disorders and Problems
Transcript of Worldwide Eating Disorders and Problems
Worldwide Eating Disorders
And How They Affect People
In anorexia nervosa’s cycle of self-starvation, the body is denied the essential nutrients it needs to function normally. Thus, the body is forced to slow down all of its processes to conserve energy, resulting in serious medical consequences:
Abnormally slow heart rate and low blood pressure, which mean that the heart muscle is changing. The risk for heart failure rises as the heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower.
Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones.
Muscle loss and weakness.
Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.
Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness.
Dry hair and skin; hair loss is common.
Growth of a downy layer of hair called lanugo all over the body, including the face, in an effort to keep the body warm.
What are eating disorders?
Eating disorders include extreme thoughts, emotions, and behaviors surrounding weight, food, and body shape, most disorders are usually caused by stress, and a majority will result in life threatening situations.
The recurrent binge-and-purge cycles of bulimia can affect the entire digestive system and can lead to electrolyte and chemical imbalances in the body that affect the heart and other major organ functions. Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include:
Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors.
Potential for gastric rupture during periods of bingeing.
Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting.
Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during frequent vomiting.
Chronic irregular bowel movements and constipation as a result of laxative abuse.
Peptic ulcers and pancreatitis.
Binge Eating Disorder
Frequent episodes of consuming very large amount of food but without behaviors to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting.
A feeling of being out of control during the binge eating episodes.
Feelings of strong shame or guilt regarding the binge eating.
Indications that the binge eating is out of control, such as eating when not hungry, eating to the point of discomfort, or eating alone because of shame about the behavior.
Pica includes an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive, such as paper, clay, metal, chalk, soil, glass, or sand. Obviously, this disorder causes many problems like poisoning from something toxic like paint chips, sharp objects can tear through intestines, and eating the wrong thing can even lead to problems with eating healthy food or food in general.
By: Jordan Banfeild, Cody Jacobson, and Xander Tolbert.
Bigorexia is an eating disorder that causes men(mainly) to only focus on their muscular development, also causing them miss important events of the day. They will do almost anything to prevent interrupting their physical development, such as even losing or quitting their job. They sometimes even work out if they have broken bones, or other types of pain. Still no matter how much they work out, they aren't satisfied with their body physique, and are unlikely to show off, and shy away from situations to expose their body.
Cancer in the Obese
Obesity can "help" cause cancer. Studies show that obese people have more fat tissue that produces more hormones, such as insulin or estrogen, which may cause cancer