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Transcript of Nazi Propaganda
Propaganda and Film
Film was seen as a useful tool of propaganda by the Nazis
Every movie in Germany had a political function including comedies
1934 Cinema Law: Gave the Propaganda Ministry complete control over the film industry
Films were used to reinforce German nationalism and anti-Semitic views
Propaganda in Nazi Germany
Who was in charge?
Create a fact file for Joseph Goebbles
What is Propaganda?
Definitions of Propaganda
Different forms of Propaganda
What is your definition of propaganda?
"Propaganda is neutrally defined as a systematic form of purposeful persuasion that attempts to influence the emotions, attitudes, opinions, and actions of specified target audiences for ideological, political or commercial purposes through the controlled transmission of one-sided messages (which may or may not be factual) via mass and direct media channels. A propaganda organization employs propagandists who engage in propagandism—the applied creation and distribution of such forms of persuasion."[Richard Alan Nelson, A Chronology and Glossary of Propaganda in the United States (1996) pp. 232–233]
Triumph of the Will (1935)
Directed by Leni Riefenstahl
Documentary of the 1934 Nuremberg rally
Seen as one of the greatest propaganda films ever created
"The object of propaganda has little to do with truth. Its object is to make people lose their judgement." (Leni Riefensthal)
Triumph of the Will
Complete the worksheet whilst watching the clips
Directed by Leni Riefenstahl
Documented the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin
Answer questions on worksheet
Speeches + Rallies
Discuss the questions on you worksheet
Control of the press
"Think of the press as a keyboard on which the government can play" Joesph Goebbels
Radio: the "people's receiver"
Der Stürmer (anti-Semitic newspaper)
Editorial Law (1933)
Easy to disperse
Often included symbols to represent German pride/nationalism
Analyzing visual images
What do you see? (images, words, symbols)
Who is the targeted audience?
What is the message of the image? How is it conveyed?
Who produced this poster? What was its purpose?
The Eternal Jew (1940, Film poster)
'Stab in the Back'
Did propaganda work?
Rise of the Nazi Party
Rise in Nazi Groups, SA, SS, Hitler Youth
Increased anti-Semitic views in German society
Increased attacks on Jews
Rallying the nation
Defining the Enemy
Instructing the youth
Complete the different perspectives worksheet
HOW DID PROPAGANDA CONTRIBUTE TO THE CAUSE OF WWII?
45 minutes to complete
What was interesting?
What was difficult?