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Transcript of Learning Styles
A definition of ‘Learning Styles’ is, ‘characteristic cognitive, effective and psychological behaviors’ that serve as relatively stable indicators of how learners perceive, interact with, and respond to a learning environment (Curry, 1981).
There are numerous learning styles, however the most common are Visual, Kinaesthetic, and Auditory. Everyone has their own preference in the way they learn, and you can display strengths in more than one of these learning styles, making you a Multimodal Learner.
The auditory learning style is one of the three most common learning styles used in teaching. Auditory learners learn best and retain information more successfully when they are able to listen to their course work or participate in discussion (Law School Toolbox, 2013). This can be with either their teachers/lecturers or peers about the subject they are learning.
Kinaesthetic learning, or tactile learning, is a learning style where a person prefers to carry out physical activity or be hands on whilst learning new material, rather than learning through reading, writing or watching. Kinaesthetic learners can also be referred to as discovery learners. (Leite, 2009)
Traits of a Kinaesthetic Learner
People who possess the kinaesthetic learning style like to take notes, draw or doodle, whilst trying to learn. This activity in their bodies helps them to remain focused and absorb the information being presented (Dunn, 1994). Kinaesthetic learners take the approach of trial and error when exploring new information and skills, as this helps them to retain the information.
The uniqueness of the Kinaesthetic, Visual, and Auditory learning strategies are as unique as the individuals who strive through the use of them.
Through the understanding of the traits and tips shown throughout this presentation Kinaesthetic, Visual, Auditory and even Multimodal learners, will be able to achieve their best by incorporating strategies to overcome the negative traits to further their learning in the most successful way possible.
As the name suggests, visual learners learn through watching. For learning to make sense, visual learners need to be able to see, visualise, and illustrate their knowledge skills and concept’s. (Baker, 2015).
Traits of a Visual Learner
The Pro's of being a Visual Learner
The Con's of being a
Visual learners will use phrases such as ‘show me’, ‘let’s have a look at that’ and will be able to perform new tasks after reading the instructions or watching someone else do it first (Schnitman, 2007)
Real life Example...
Visual learners will benefit themselves by making the most of graphic resources such as pictures, diagrams, demonstrations, displays, handouts, films, flip-chart, etc. (Schnitman, 2007).
Visual learners are:
generally well organised
great problem solvers, because they organise their thoughts by writing them down.
known to observe, rather than talk or act.
The disadvantages of being a Visual learner means you:
lack patience when extensive listening is required.
will have wandering thoughts in learning environments if there is a lack of visual stimulation
are great at seeing things in pictures, but don’t pay much attention to dialogue, and may miss meaning in some phrases or conversation.
Alicia Turner, Natasha Payne and Kirstie Mitchell
Real life examples
and study tips:
Kinaesthetic learners due to their traits tend to be good at remembering things they have actually been hands on with eg, building, cooking, puzzles. For a Kinaesthetic learning to gain the most out of study it is recommended to study in short blocks, use examples when taking notes, try to study in groups (Van Blerkom, 2011) It is also recommended for these learners to occupy their bodies whilst studying by squeezing a stress ball or chewing gum.
Pro's of Kinaesthetic Learners:
Kinaesthetic learning, especially in children, allows them to gain self-knowledge by letting them learn with their own creative potential.
Con's of Kinaesthetic Learners:
A negative to kinaesthetic learning however is that these type of learners can be categorised as trouble makers in traditional learning environments and also frequently be misdiagnosed has having ADHD, due to their activeness whilst learning (Reid, 2005)
Traits of an
An auditory learner may posses characteristics that include a passion for drama or music class and is quick to learn a second language (Colorado State University, 2008) and may easily be distracted by noise.
Other characteristics may include:
Difficulty sitting still for a long time
Great recollection of what was heard and said
May enjoys debates
Understands things better
when they hear them
Real life examples...
University of California, Los Angeles (n.d.) shares many learning tips that an auditory learner can use. The appropriateness of the study tips range from Kindergarten all the way to adulthood and include allowing students to ask questions, use a Dictaphone so they don't have to rely on a textbook, watch videos and participate in discussions or debates to further their knowledge.
Pro's of being an Auditory Learner
Students who are able to utilize the auditory learning strategy throughout school may lead to adults who are great listeners and presenters (Lincoln Land Community College, 2015)
Auditory learners are often successful with passive learning such as lectures
Will often do well at uni, due to passive learning
Con's of being an Auditory Learner
Can find it difficult to concentrate due to auditory distractions
May find it difficult to process written material - they may need to analyse the material in groups or in discussion to fully comprehend what is being read
May find it difficult to concentrate in places such a labs or study areas.
An auditory learner may find that they can complete more work if they are in a silent space.
Baker, F. (2015). Learning Styles in Children. Retrieved from Kidspot: http://www.kidspot.com.au/shool/primary/learning-and-behaviour/learning-styles-in-children
Curry, L. (1981). Learning Preferences and Continuing Medical education. Canadian Med Assoc J, 535-6.
Colorado State University. (2008). Learning Styles. Retrieved from https://secure.casa.colostate.edu/applications/learningstyles/auditory.aspx
Dunn, K. Dunn, R. and Perrin, J. (1994) Excerpt from Teaching Young Children Through Their Individual Learning Styles. P. 111-113
Law School Toolbox. (2013). 5 study tips for auditory learners. Retrieved from http://lawschooltoolbox.com/5-study-tips-for-auditory-learners/
Leite, W. Svinicki, M. and Shi, Y. (2009) Attempted Validation of the Scores of the VARK: Learning Styles Inventory With Multitrait–Multimethod Confirmatory Factor Analysis Models. SAGE Publications.
Lincoln Land Community College. (2015). Characteristics of learning styles. Retrieved from http://www.llcc.edu/student-services/cas/helpful-handouts/characteristics-of-learning-styles-2/
Reid, G. (2005) Learning Styles and Inclusions. SAGE Publications. P96
Van Blerkom, D. (2011) College Study Skills: Becoming a strategic Learner. Cengage Learning
Schnitman, I. (2007). The Dynamics involved in Web-based learning Environment (WLE) Interface Design and Human-Computer Interactions (HCI): Connections with learning performance. Morgantown, West Virginia: ProQuest Information and Learning Company.
Swinburne VAK Learning Styles Self-Assessment Questionnaire. Retrieved from http://www.swinburne.edu.au/stuserv/workshops/onlinematerials/Web%20Effective%20Study%20Skills_files/1VAK%20assessment.pdf
University of California, Los Angeles. (n.d.). Strategies for using your learning style strength. Retrieved from http://www.ugresearchsci.ucla.edu/docs/PEERS/Learning%20Style%20Strength.pdf
Van Blerkom, D. (2011) College Study Skills: Becoming a strategic Learner. Cengage Learning
So how can you find out
what your prefered Learning Style is?
Figure 1.1. Child with magnifying glass from Learning Styles in Children. Retrieved from URL.
Image 1.2. Man with Glasses from How to sell to a Visual Learner (without over doing the visuals). Retrieved from URL.
When trying to determine what learning style will work best for you, there are many online quizzes which can be used. The quizzes go through a variety of different questions, in which the answer that is most relatable to the individual is selected. The online quiz will then compile the answers together and determine which learning style is best suited.
Some individuals will fall solely under one learning style, whereas others may fall under a combination of styles. These individuals are known as multimodal learners. Multimodal learners require information to be present to them in a number of different fashions so they can gain a true understanding of the information.
Image 3.1. Kinaesthetic learners are doers. Retrieved from URL
Image 3.2. Kinaesthetic learners are note takers. Retrieved from URL
Image 3.3. The use of a stress ball whilst studying is helpful. Retrieved from URL
Image 3.4. Hands on learner. Retrieved from URL
Image 3.5. Can be misdiagnosed with ADHD. Retrieved from URL
Image 1.3. Camera Head Reading from What are Learning Styles. Retrieved from URL.
Image 1.4. Flash cards from Inekards. Retrieved from URL.
Kinaesthetic learners are doers. [photograph]. Retrieved from www.speechbuddy.com
Kinaesthetic learners are note takers. [photograph]. Retrieved from www.talkandroid.com
The use of a stress ball whilst studying is helpful. [photograph]. Retrieved from mifnq.saneforums.org
Hands on learners. [photograph]. Retrieved from classroom-assessment-theory-into-practice.wikispaces.com
Can be missed diagnosed with ADHD. [photograph]. Retrieved from study.com
Auditory learners need to hear information to retain it. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.smartspeechtherapy.com/why-c-apd-diagnosis-is-not-valid/
Auditory learners hold a passion for drama. [image]. Retrieved from https://talkupaps.wordpress.com/category/performing-arts/
A Dictaphone. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.olympus.co.uk/site/en/a/audio_systems/audio_recording/dictation_systems/ds_2500_1/index.html
A busy lecture. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/education/2010/dec/15/crowded-lectures-harm-top-students
A silent study area is the best study area for an auditory learner. [image]. Retrieved from http://www.123rf.com/photo_36162839_education-highschool-concept-female-student-long-hair-girl-blue-glasses-working-in-college-library-w.html
Image 2.1 Auditory learners need to hear information to retain it. Retrieved from URL
Image 2.2 Auditory learners hold a passion for drama, Retrieved from URL
Image 2.3 A Dictaphone. Retrieved from URL
Image 2.4 A busy lecture. Retrieved from URL
Image 2.5 A silent study area is the best study area for an auditory learner. Retrieved from URL
Image 1.5. Lego Math Game. Retrieved from URL.
Image 1.6. All about Graphs. Retrieved from URL.
Image 1.7. How to get organised. Retrieved from URL.
Image 1.8. Advantages and Disadvantages of visual communication. Retrieved from URL.
Advantages and disadvantages of visual communication [image]. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-visual-communication.html
All about Graphs [image]. Retrieved from
Camera Head Reading from Learning Styles [image]. Retrieved from
Child with magnifying glass from Learning Styles in Children [photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.kidspot.com.au/schoolzone/Learning-styles-Visual-learning-style-in-children+4086+391+article.htm
Flash cards from Inekards [image]. Retrieved from
How to get organised [photograph]. Retrieved from
Lego Math Game [photograph]. Retrieved from
Man with glasses from How to sell to a Visual Learner (without over doing the visuals) [photograph]. Retrieved from http://pitchmaps.com/how-to-sell-visual-learner/
You can use this online quiz;
Or you can even use
Swinburne's VAK learning styles Self-Assessment Questionnaire
to learn your prefered learning style.