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Artifacts of the Progressive Era
Transcript of Artifacts of the Progressive Era
It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed.
- Theodore Roosevelt
Women's Rights Protest Poster
Federal Income Tax Today (Video)
Women's rights was a major argument during the Progressive Era. During the late 1800's, women and women's organizations not only worked to gain the right to vote, but also worked for economic, social reforms and political equality. Different organizations (NWP, NAWSA) yearned for a Women's Suffrage Amendment to be passed. Incredible women (Susan B. Anthony, Ida Tarbell, Jane Addams) eventually succeeded in gaining women's rights. This protest poster is used for showing the rights wanting to be gained for women. The protest poster represents the Women's Suffrage Movement.
During the Progressive Era, the Sixteenth Amendment authorized the Federal Income Tax. This tax change greatly impacted America until this day. Federal income tax has been slightly changed over the years, while this video shows just another view of tax collecting agencies now, we can compare how Federal Income Tax has developed over time since the Sixteenth Amendment has been passed during the Progressive Era. This video informs how the IRS is today and how people want to repeal the Sixteenth Amendment. This video represents the same arguments is still going on and it was chosen to compare the issue then to the issue now on tax collecting.
May, 21, 1917
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Portrait of the President
Muckrackers Journal (Ida Tarbell)
Our 26th president, Theodore Roosevelt is responsible for many of the improved working conditions. Serving as president during 1901 to 1909, he refined economic issues and political reforms. Passing a numerous amount of acts including the Food and Drug Act(1906), and the Meat Inspection Act(1906), unsanitary situations were revised. Conservation groups (National Conservation Commission) were established to improve the environment. This artifact represents the successes of Theodore Roosevelt of the Progressive Era with the decisions he made. The framed portrait was chosen to symbolize the changes he made and how it effected reform in the Progressive Era.
Muckrackers had the job to investigate and expose the corruptions of businesses. Being a Muckracker, Ida Tarbell used her talent in writing to reveal the corruptions in the Progressive Era. Her famous magazine series, "The History of the Standard Oil Company" confessed the wrong actions John D. Rockefeller had on monopolizing oil companies. This journal represents the information Muckrackers would gather to expose the faults of huge companies. This artifact was chosen to appreciate the service of Muckrackers so the public could be aware of the secrets in businesses.
Artifacts of the Progressive Era
Roosevelt as President!
Krystal D, Abriana A, Maribel S Period 9-10
Women's Clothing (Hat)
What you wear determines how people look at you. During the early 1900's, women would dress appropriately, though it was clear a change in clothing was about to occur later in time. Hats were now becoming more common to see. Accessorizing was a social expectation. A hat was used to enhance a women's social status. The hat was chosen to represent women's interest in fashion during the Progressive Era.
Literature - "The Jungle" by Upton Sinclair (1906)
The well known book, "The Jungle" by Upton Sinclair exposed the working conditions in Meat Packaging Companies in Chicago. Sinclair used Muckracking techniques to reveal the abuse in businesses and government. Sinclair also wrote The Brass Check (1920) and The Goose-Step (1923). "The Jungle" represents the gruesome working conditions throughout the Progressive Era. This book was chosen to symbolize working condition issues during the Progressive Era.
Reform Today (Anti-Immigration Poster)
Today, reform is still happening everyday. On April 5th, 2 million people were expected to be deported out of the country by the Obama Administration. Many gathered to stop this horrible plan. They figured deporting people out of America, their home, was not the solution of overpopulation. This is an act of reform today. This poster represents the power of the people and the will of protesting. This poster was chosen to show a comparison to the protest during the Progressive Era in desire to change society.
Audio/Song- "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" (1908) by Edward Meeker
During the years of the Progressive Era, baseball was a popular sport being played. Music was also a huge part of culture. The "Ballroom Decade" was considered to be popular in the 1910's. "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" came out in 1908 and is still a famous song heard at every baseball game as a tradition. This song represents the rich culture that is still alive today. It was selected for an artifact because it signifies the long lasting arts that still show in today's events.
"About the Not1More DeportationCampaign." Not1More Deportation. NDLON, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Chapter 21: Urban America and the Progressive Era (1900-1917)." Flashcards. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014.
"English News Today - Santorum Joins Calls to Abolish Federal Income Tax." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
"IDA TARBELL." Ida Tarbell Life & Works. ALLEGHENY COLLEGE, 1998. Web. 27 May 2014.
"The Jungle and the Progressive Era." The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Gilder Lehrman Institute, n.d. Web. 24 May 2014.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Progressive Era Politics Timeline of Important Dates." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Upton Sinclair." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.
"Women in the Progressive Era." Women in the Progressive Era. NWHM, n.d. Web. 24 May 2014.