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Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

This will be used to teach Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and other important literary elements in English 4 CP.
by

Ms. Hoffman

on 12 October 2013

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Transcript of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Medieval Romance
What exactly is a
medieval romance
? "Medieval romance" is
the name of a genre of literature
. A medieval romance is usually an epic story of a hero and his adventures. The stories do often involve love, but not exclusively.
It must have the following characteristics
:
Larger-than-life characters
A hero motivated by love, faith, honor or adventure
Exotic settings/ supernatural or magical elements
Hidden or mistaken identity
Activating Prior Knowledge:
In your own words, define romance. What things come to mind when you think about romance?
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Background Information
Author-"The Pearl Poet" (an anonymous church figure)
Time period-1370
Place-Northwest England
Genre-Medieval romance (poetry)
Language-Middle English
Themes-Chivalry & following the law
Ideal Traits of a Knight
Physical and Non-physical
Strength
Skill at arms
Horsemanship
Courage
Loyalty
Humility
Courtesy
Main Idea
Swearing of Oaths
was a way for knights to make promises
failing to keep one's word was dishonorable
3 Stages of a Medieval Romance
A dangerous quest
A test of honor or courage
A return to the point from which the quest began
The Role of Chivalry
A system of ideals and social codes governing the behavior of knights and gentle women.
Example: swearing loyalty to the overlord/land owner
The knight’s first obligation was to defend his lord, the king and the Christian faith; but also, the code also covered how to treat a lady, help others and how to resist the urge to run away if captured.

The Ten Commandments of the Code of Chivalry
From Chivalry by Leon Gautier
You must believe all that the Church teaches, and observe all its directions.
You must defend the Church.
You must respect all weaknesses and must be a defender of them.
You must love the country in the which you were born.
You must not back down from your enemy.
You must make war against the Infidel without cessation and without mercy.
You must perform scrupulously your feudal duties, if they are not against the laws of God.
You must never lie and shall remain faithful to your pledged word.
You must be generous and give to everyone.
You must be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.

Courtly Love
Women:
Had no political rights
Were seen as inferior to men
Were always subservient to a man
Received respect in correlation to that deserved by her husband’s or father’s social standing
Could have some power when the men were off fighting
Had to be protected and provided for by their men

The Twelve Chief Rules in Love
From The Art of Courtly Love by Andreas Capellanus
You must avoid greed like the plague and must embrace generosity
You must keep yourself chaste for the sake of her whom you love.
You must not knowingly strive to break up a couple.
Avoid lying.
You must not have many who know of thy love affair.
In giving and receiving love's solaces let modesty be ever present.
You must speak no evil.
You must not be a gossip of love affairs.
You must be in all things polite and courteous.
In practicing the solaces of love, thou must not exceed the desires of thy lover.
Every lover regularly turns pale in the presence of his beloved.
When a lover suddenly catches sight of his beloved, his heart palpitates.

What is a medieval romance?

What are the four characteristics of a medieval romance?
* Checkpoint! *
Full transcript