Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Synthetic/Lab Drugs

No description
by

Romila Ismail

on 3 June 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Synthetic/Lab Drugs

Have you ever seen a zombie?
SYNTHETIC DRUGS
WHAT ARE SYNTHETIC DRUGS?
STEROIDS
METHAMPHETAMINE
CRYSTAL METH

ECSTASY
LSD
SIDE EFFECTS
KROKODIL
WHAT IS METHAMPHETAMINE?
Methamphetamine is an illegal drug in the same class as cocaine and other powerful street drugs. It has many nicknames— meth, crank, chalk or speed being the most common.
Meth is a white crystalline drug that people take by snorting it, smoking it or injecting it with a needle. Some even take it orally, but all develop a strong desire to continue using it because the drug creates a false sense of happiness and well-being.
WHAT IS CRYSTAL METH?
Crystal meth is short for crystal methamphetamine. It is just one form of the drug methamphetamine. It is used by individuals of all ages, but is most commonly used as a “club drug,” taken while partying in night clubs or at rave parties. Its most common street names are ice or glass.
WHAT DOES IT LOOK LIKE?
Methamphetamine usually comes in the form of a crystalline white powder that is odorless, bitter-tasting and dissolves easily in water or alcohol.
Crystal meth comes in clear chunky crystals resembling ice and is most commonly smoked.
Other colors of powder have been observed, including brown, yellow-gray, orange and even pink. It can also be compressed into pill form.
As covered earlier, it can be snorted, smoked or injected.
WHAT IS METH MADE FROM?
Methamphetamine is a synthetic (man-made) chemical, unlike cocaine, for instance, which comes from a plant.
- Cold and Asthma Medications (ephedrine or pseudo ephedrine)
- Red phosphorous
- Hydrochloric acid
- Drain cleaner
- Battery acid
- Lye
- Lantern fuel
- Antifreeze
METH LABS
Meth is commonly manufactured in illegal, hidden laboratories, mixing various forms of amphetamine (another stimulant drug) or derivatives with other chemicals to boost its potential.
The illegal laboratories create a lot of toxic waste as well—the production of one pound of methamphetamine produces five pounds of waste. People exposed to this waste material can become poisoned and sick.
TRUE STORY
When I gave my three-year-old son some cheese to eat, I did not know that I was giving him poisoned food. I was too stoned on meth to notice, until twelve hours later, that my son was deathly ill. But then I was so stoned it took me two hours to figure out how to get him to the hospital five miles away. By the time I got to the emergency room my boy was pronounced dead of a lethal dose of ammonia hydroxide—one of the chemicals used to make meth.”

Melanie
“Welfare money was not enough to pay for our meth habit and support our son so we turned our rented home into a meth lab. We stored the toxic chemicals in our refrigerator not knowing that the toxins would permeate [go into] the other food in the icebox.
TRUE STORY
“I tried it once and BOOM! I was addicted,” said one meth addict who lost his family, friends, his profession as a musician and ended up homeless.
“I started using crystal meth when I was a senior in high school. Before my first semester of college was up, meth became such a big problem that I had to drop out. I looked like I had chicken pox, from hours of staring at myself in the mirror and picking at myself. I spent all my time either doing meth, or trying to get it.”
Anne Marie
METH'S HISTORY
1887
1919
Amphetamine was first made in 1887 in Germany
More potent and easy to make Methamphetamine was developed in Japan
WORLD WAR II
Methamphetamine went into wide use during World War II, when both sides used it to keep troops awake.
High doses were given to Japanese Kamikaze pilots before their suicide missions
THE POST WAR
methamphetamine supplies stored for military use became available to the Japanese public.
1950'S
1960'S
methamphetamine was prescribed as a diet aid and to fight depression
increased availability of injectable methamphetamine
1970'S
1990'S
the US government made it illegal for most uses
Mexican drug trafficking organizations set up large laboratories in California and smaller private labs have sprung up in kitchens and apartments, earning the drug one of its names, “stove top.”
From there it spread across the United States and into Europe, through the Czech Republic.
Today, most of the drug available in Asia is produced in Thailand, Myanmar and China.
THE DEADLY EFFECTS OF METH
THE METH EXPERIENCE
RUSH
THE
A rush is the initial response the abuser feels when smoking or injecting methamphetamine. During the rush, the abuser’s heartbeat races and metabolism, blood pressure and pulse soar
THE HIGH
During the high, the abuser often feels aggressively smarter and becomes argumentative, often interrupting other people and finishing their sentences.
The high can last four to sixteen hours.
THE BINGE
The binge can last three to fifteen days. During the binge, the abuser becomes hyperactive both mentally and physically. Each time the abuser smokes or injects more of the drug, he experiences another but smaller rush until, finally, there is no rush and no high.
TWEAKING
A condition reached at the end of a drug binge when methamphetamine no longer provides a rush or a high. Unable to relieve the horrible feelings of emptiness and craving, an abuser loses his sense of identity.
Unable to sleep for days at a time, seeing and hearing things that no one else can perceive,vivid and hostile hallucinations can make the user dangerous to himself and others. The potential for self- mutilation is high.
THE CRASH
To a binge abuser, the crash happens when the body shuts down, unable to cope with the drug effects overwhelming it; this results in a long period of sleep for the person. Even the meanest, most violent abuser becomes almost lifeless during the crash. The crash can last one to three days.
THE
HANGOVER
After the crash, the abuser returns in a deteriorated state, starved, dehydrated and utterly exhausted physically, mentally and emotionally. This stage ordinarily lasts from two to fourteen days. This leads to enforced addiction, as the “solution” to these feelings is to take more meth.
WITHDRAWAL
First, he becomes depressed, loses his energy and the ability to experience pleasure. Then the craving for more methamphetamine hits, and the abuser often becomes suicidal.
LONG TERM EFFECTS
- Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain, high blood pressure leading to heart attacks, strokes and death
- Liver, kidney and lung damage
- Destruction of tissues in nose if sniffed
- Respiratory (breathing) problems if smoked Infectious diseases and abscesses if injected Malnutrition, weight loss
- Severe tooth decay
- Disorientation, apathy, confused exhaustion Strong psychological dependence
- Psychosis
- Depression
- Damage to the brain similar to Alzheimer’s disease, stroke and epilepsy
SHORT-TERM
EFFECTS
LONG-TERM
EFFECTS
IS METH REALLY WORTH IT??
VIDEO: THE TRUTH ABOUT METHAMPHETAMINE
WHAT ABOUT ECSTASY???
WHY DO PEOPLE TAKE DRUGS?
WHAT ARE STEROIDS?
WHAT IS LSD?
"Anabolic Steroids":
Developed in the 1930´s
Synthetic versions of the male sex hormone testosterone
LSD is one of the most potent, mood-changing chemicals. It is manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in the ergot fungus that grows on rye and other grains.
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids
Muscle-building
Male sexual characteristics
WHAT IS AN HALLUCINOGENIC??
Abused by athletes, bodybuilders, weightlifters
TRUE STORY
“At the age of 16 I was introduced to a drug that I abused for over three years—LSD. What I was unaware of was the fact that LSD is the most potent hallucinogen known to man.

“The drug came on a small piece of paper no bigger than my index finger, called a blotter. Fifteen minutes after putting the paper on my tongue my entire body got hot and I began to sweat.

“Some other reactions that I experienced while on the drug included dilated pupils, nausea and ‘goose bumps.’ While high on LSD I felt like there was a huge distortion both in my mind and body. The visual changes as well as the extreme changes in mood were like some strange scary trip—one in which I felt like I had no control over my mind and body.”

Edith
ARE THEY ILLEGAL?
Without a doctors prescription
Against the law to possess, sell, or distribute
Illegal and banned by professional sports organizations and medical associations
HOW DO ATHLETES TAKE THEM?
Cycling
Stacking
Pyramiding
take multiple doses of steroids over a period of time, then stop for a period then start up again.
taking two or more different anabolic steroids
starting with a low dose and gradually increasing the dose, frequency, or number
WHY TAKE
STEROIDS?
Athletes normally take steroids in the hope of improving performance and agility.
Steroids have become popular because they may improve endurance, strength, and muscle mass.
However, research has not shown that steroids improve skill, agility, or athletic performance.
HOW DO THEY WORK?
Help's the body metabolize ingested proteins and facilitate the synthesis of skeletal muscle
They also delay fatigue and may create a feeling of euphoria.
They stimulate muscle tissue to grow and "bulk up" in response to training by mimicking the effect of naturally produced testosterone.
PHYSICAL
MEN
• Breast development
• Painful erections
• Testicular shrinkage
• Decreased sperm count
• Infertility

WOMEN
• Increased face and body hair growth
• Deepened voices
• Menstrual cycle irregularities
• Enlargement of the clitoris
• Reduced breast size


MEN AND WOMEN
• Acne
• Oily scalp and skin
• Yellowing of the skin
• Baldness
• Weight gain


TEENS
Adolescents who abuse steroids are at a significant risk of suffering irreversible side effects:
delayed growth,
accelerated puberty changes,
short height (due to arrested bone growth)
abnormal sexual development.
Girls in particular may suffer from long-term masculinity.

PSYCHOLOGICAL
Aggressiveness
Delusions
Paranoia
Problems sleeping.


Withdrawal symptoms when they quit
Mood swings
Fatigue and irritability
Loss of appetite
Insomnia
Aggression
Impaired judgment
Depression.
OTHER SIDE EFFECTS
Kidney impairment or failure
Cardiovascular problems
Liver failure and damage
HIV/AIDS or hepatitis

stroke and heart attack
inner bleeding
If shared or used dirty needles
WHAT DO THEY LOOK LIKE?

Albert Hofmann, a swis chemist synthesized LSD for the first time, in Basel, Switzerland, while looking for a blood stimulant.
1938
Its hallucinogenic effects were unknown until ...
1943
It was later found that an oral dose of as little as 25 micrograms is capable of producing vivid hallucinations.
1940's
1950's
1960's
LSD was used in experiments by psychiatrists ....
While the researchers failed to discover any medical use for the drug, the free samples supplied by Sandoz Pharmaceuticals
1967
1980's...90's... 2000's
Experiments in the possible use of LSD to change the personalities of intelligence targets, and to control whole populations, continued until the United States officially banned the drug
For a few years after 1998 LSD had become more widely used at dance clubs and all-night raves by older teens and young adults
LSD NOWADAYS
LSD'S HISTORY
THE DEADLY EFFECTS OF LSD
Hallucinogens are drugs that cause hallucinations. Users see images, hear sounds and feel sensations that seem very real but do not exist.
• include dilated pupils;
• higher body temperature and sweating;
• nausea and loss of appetite;
• increased blood sugar, heart rate and blood pressure;
• sleeplessness;
• dry mouth and tremors.
PHYSICAL
PSYCHOLOGICAL
• extreme changes in mood, feel several different emotions at once, or swing rapidly from one emotion to another.
• delusions and visual hallucinations.
• impaired depth and time perception, distorted perception of the size and shape of objects, movements, color, sound, touch and own body image.
• Sensations may seem to "cross over," giving the feeling of hearing colors and seeing sounds.
• Panic attacks
• severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings, fear of losing control, fear of insanity and death.

TRUE STORY

“The days following my LSD use, I was filled with anxiety and extreme depression. Following my first ‘trip’ on LSD, I would eat it frequently, sometimes up to four or five times per week for an extended period. Each time I would take the drug, mentally I was drifting more and more out of reality. The eventual effect was the inability to feel normal in my own skin.”


Andrea

Synthetic drugs are those substances that are produced entirely from chemical reactions in a laboratory
Known as “acid” and by many other names, LSD is sold on the street in small tablets (“microdots”), capsules or gelatin squares (“window panes”)
To fit in
To escape or relax ...
To relieve boredom
To seem grown up
To rebel
To experiment :s
They think drugs are a solution. But eventually, the drugs become the problem. Difficult as it may be to face one’s problems, the consequences of drug use are always worse than the problem one is trying to solve with them.
WHAT IS ECSTASY AND MDMA??
“Ecstasy” and "Molly" are slang terms for MDMA, short for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, a name that’s nearly as long as the all-night parties where MDMA is often used and that's why MDMA has been called a “club drug.”
Despite the cute logos dealers put on the pills, this is what makes Ecstasy particularly dangerous; a user never really knows what he is taking. The dangers are increased when users increase the dose seeking a previous high, not knowing they may be taking an entirely different combination of drugs.
In Europe, as many as 4.2% of those aged 15 to 24 have taken LSD at least once. When surveyed, the percentage of people in this age group who had used LSD in the past year exceeded 1% in seven countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Italy, Latvia, Hungary and Poland).
HOW IS ECSTASY USED??
Most people who abuse MDMA take a pill, tablet, or capsule. These pills can be different colors, and sometimes have cartoon-like images on them and some people take more than one pill at a time, called "bumping."
But it can also be injected and taken in other ways. Liquid Ecstasy is actually GHB, a nervous system depressant—a substance that can also be found in drain cleaner, floor stripper and degreasing solvents.

IMAGINARY LOVE PILL...
OFF WITH THE MASK
Ecstasy is often called “the love pill” because it heightens perceptions of color and sound and supposedly amplifies sensations when one touches or caresses another, particularly during sex.
The image of Ecstasy as a “love pill” is one of many lies that are spread about the drug.
Ecstasy is emotionally damaging and users often suffer depression, confusion, severe anxiety, paranoia, psychotic behavior and other psychological problems.
TRUE STORY
“Rave parties are okay so long as you don’t take Ecstasy. But as soon as you start, you think people who advise you to stop are idiots. You start to believe you have found something great and others must not try to tell you the contrary. When you start liking Ecstasy, it’s too late, you’re sunk.”
Pat
DO YOU REALLY WANT TO PARTY?
Nikki was like many who went to rave parties. Hoping to escape her problems and have a good time, she planned to party through the night with several friends. One of them had a bottle of liquid Ecstasy in his car, so they all decided to take some. Soon the drug started to take over. Nikki danced and danced and danced, pushing herself well beyond her usual limits. As one of her friends later said in a police report, “Nikki wasn’t feeling anything.”
“But that won’t happen to me,” you think. Maybe not, but do you really want to take the chance?
The next morning Nikki was dead. The cause: drug (Ecstasy) poisoning.
TRUE STORY
“At a rave party, I saw a guy who had stuffed himself with Ecstasy repeat for hours, ‘I am an orange, don’t peel me, I am an orange, don’t peel me.’ Another guy thought he was a fly and wouldn’t stop hitting his head against a window.”
Liz
ECSTASY'S HISTORY
Ecstasy was originally developed by Merck pharmaceutical company in 1912. In its original form, it was known as “MDMA.” It was used in 1953 by the US Army in psychological warfare tests, and then resurfaced in the 1960s as a psychotherapy medication to “lower inhibitions.”
By the early 1980s, MDMA was being promoted as “the hottest thing in the continuing search for happiness through chemistry,” and the “in drug” for many weekend parties. Still legal in 1984, MDMA was being sold under the brand name “Ecstasy,” but by 1985, the drug had been banned due to safety concerns.
Since the late 1980s, Ecstasy has become an embracive “marketing” term for drug dealers selling “Ecstasy-type” drugs that may, in fact, contain very little or no MDMA at all. And while MDMA itself can produce harmful effects, what is called Ecstasy today can contain a wide mixture of substances.
THE ECSTASY EXPERIENCE
For most people, a “hit” of MDMA lasts for 3 to 6 hours. Once the pill is swallowed, it takes only about 15 minutes for MDMA to enter the bloodstream and reach the brain. About 45 minutes later, the person experiences MDMA's “high.” That’s when the drug is at its peak level.
People who use MDMA might feel very alert, or “hyper,” at first. Some lose a sense of time and experience other changes in perception, such as an enhanced sense of touch. Others experience negative effects right away. They may become anxious and agitated. Sweating or chills may occur, and people may feel faint or dizzy.
But it doesn't stop there
Even if a person takes only one pill, the side effects of MDMA last for several days to a week (or longer in people who use MDMA regularly).
THE KILLER CONSEQUENCES
SHORT TERM
• Impaired judgment
• False sense of affection
• Confusion
• Depression
• Sleep problems
• Severe anxiety
• Paranoia
• Drug cravings
• Muscle tension
• Faintness and chills or swelling
• Involuntary teeth clenching
• Blurred vision
• Nausea
LONG TERM
• Damage to portions of the brain that regulate critical functions such as learning, sleep and emotion
• It is as if the brain switchboard was torn apart, then rewired backwards
• Degenerated nerve branches and nerve endings
• Depression, anxiety, memory loss
• Kidney failure
• Hemorrhaging
• Psychosis
• Cardiovascular collapse
• Convulsions
• Death
ECSTASY AND THE BRAIN!
TRUE STORY
“Luckily, I am alive, but I’m left with the days, months and years after the trauma. I have to deal with what it’s done to me for my whole life....I’ve been experiencing everything, you name it. Depression, anxiety, stress, [recurring] nightmares of the night, and bad headaches were a few things that affected me after I took Ecstasy. I almost died. It only took one night, a few [Ecstasy] pills, and drinking alcohol. This drug is very fatal, and I’m so thankful I’m alive. I can’t describe how hard it is coping with these nightmares all the time. I wake up in a sweat just thanking God, and being so thankful it’s just another nightmare. I pray in time the nightmares will fade away....No drug is worth the roll or high.” —Megan
CAN IT ADDICT??
- Loss of appetite
- Increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature
- Dilation of pupils
- Disturbed sleep patterns
- Nausea
- Bizarre, erratic, sometimes violent behavior
- Hallucinations, hyper excitability, irritability
- Panic and psychosis
- Convulsions, seizures and death from high doses
THE TRUTH ABOUT DRUGS!!
Drugs are essentially poisons. The amount taken determines the effect.
This is true for any drug. Only the amount needed to achieve the effect differs.
Many drugs have another liability: they directly affect the mind.As a result, the person’s actions may be odd, irrational, inappropriate and even destructive.
The real answer is to get the facts and not to take drugs in the first place.
Even though you think you can have control and not get sucked into the the Drug World….
You had no idea of what drugs could do to you but now you do. Now, that choice is entirely yours because we’re done!
Bitch Please, don’t fool yourself…
PFF
Components
BIG RISKS
Story of Krokodil
Krokodil was used for the first time for medicinal purposes , in Russia.
1932
1924
Stalin used the terror regime, condemning his opponents to death and sending millions of people to work in work camps.
Origin: Russia
..
...it's administration was always very controlled and only used in special cases...
2004
Russian doctors noticed some injuries and marks on the body of some drug addicts...
2005
The internet had a breakthrough and videos showing the devastating effects of the drug became viral.
The Russian narcotics agency registered only some punctual cases of krokodile consume, neither of them exceptionally alarming.
The beginning...
2011
The same agency confiscated 65 million doses of krokodil, only on the first trimester of the year.
Expansion and bigger number of people dependent
Nowadays...
Cases already known in the USA and in Mexico.
2012
01.06.12: the purchase of codeine was prohibited!
The consumption of krokodil diminished considerably, but the compound (codeine) started being commercialized on the black market.
mj
Are we facing an epidemic?
Krokodil
=heroine of the poor
=zombie drug
=cannibal drug
The reaction of turning codeine into krokodil is
dangerous
!
CODEINE
gasoline
iodine
hydrochloric acid
phosphor
cooking oil
paint diluent
It has painkilling and sedative effects, being 10 times stronger than it's relative, heroine.
It is also called dehidrodesomorphine.
Molecular formula:
C17H21NO2
CODEINE
Why the name Krokodil?
Krokodil means crocodile in Russian. The name given to this drug comes from one of it's most common effects...
Physical Effects
The final product is a yellowish liquid with a strong acidic smell.
Necrosis
:
accelerated death of the cells and tissue in general, including bone rottenness, caused by infection.
Why
do
people
chose
to
take krokodil?
How do people take it?
Krokodil is injected with a needle. It's final form is liquid.
Manufactured by the addicts at their own homes;
Impurities, lack of hygiene;
Alternative components;
True story:
The first case known in Mexico was very documented, as the citizen involved was American. According to the Daily Mail, the authorities of Puerto Vallarta announced that a 17 year old American girl was treated after suffering from the side effects of krokodile. She arrived in Mexico with the purpose of visiting family, in November. She gave entrance in a clinic only days after to treat what was diagnosed as digestive problems. The doctors, after a closer examination believed she had a sexually transmittable disease, since her genitals were corroded. That until she confesed she had been using krokodile for only two months.
Mental Effects:

LD50
under the skin: 104 mg/kg
intravenous: 27 mg/kg
Easy acess
Price
10 times cheaper than heroine...
EFFECTS
BUT THERE ARE MANY NASTY EFFECTS!
The krokodil experience
TRUE STORY
Preparation
Alexey, 33 years old
Alexey, 30 years old
Andrey, 43 years old
Zhanna
Taking the drug
The effect of the drug lasts about 40 minutes...after that withdrawal will kick in.
«High»
The tip of the iceberg
You really don't want to do drugs...believe me...
Once you're in, there's no real getting out...
Catarina Góis, Francisca Soares, Giulia Archetti, Romila Ismail, Sarah Rossini
Full transcript