Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
The Case for William Shakespeare
Transcript of The Case for William Shakespeare
Who was William Shakespeare?
The Case For Christopher Marlowe
The Case for Sir Francis Bacon
"Northumberland Manuscript" shows both Shakespeare’s name and Sir Francis Bacon’s. It also mentions by name the plays Richard II and Richard III.
Included the phrase 'by Francis William Shakespeare', and the words, 'essays by the same author'.
Bacon was familiar with Rosicrucian themes. The poem Venus and Adonis, As You Like It, and Love’s Labour’s Lost all feature Rosicrucian themes.
Bacon signatures hidden in the printed Shakespeare works.
Bacon's life not only spans the whole Shakespeare period but fits with the choice and production of the Shakespeare plays.
Educated at Cambridge University, which fact is confirmed by a contemporary scholar, William Clerke, who implies in his Polimanteia that the author ‘sweet Shak-speare’ was a graduate of Cambridge University and a fine classical scholar.
Widely traveled with first-hand knowledge of other lands, peoples and courts of Europe.
Primary enhancer and re-creator of the English language.
Multi-linguist and widely read in books not then translated into English.
Alive and writing plays between the late 1580’s and 1613, and still revising and augmenting some of them right up until 1623, when the First Shakespeare Folio was published.
Passionate Shepherd to his Love Marlowe (Published in 1599)
By shallow rivers to whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigals
And I will make thee a bed of roses
And a thousand fragrant posies.
Merry Wives of Windsor Shakespeare (published in 1602)
To shallow rivers to whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigals
There will we make our beds of
And a thousand fragrant posies.
Tamburlaine Marlowe (believed to have been written between 1587 and 1588)
Holla, ye pampered Jades of Asia What, can ye draw but twenty miles a day
Henry IV Part 2 Shakespeare (believed to have been written between 1596 and 1599)
And hollow pampered Jades of Asia Which cannot go hut thirty miles a day.
Marlowe"died" on May 30, 1593, however he was involved with the Queen’s Secret Service. The Elizabethan espionage community had been known to fake deaths. Shakespeare's blank verse in his early plays "bears the stamp of Marlowe's inspiration."
Marlowe shared his birth year with Shakespeare, 1564 about two months apart.
Their Fathers have the same name, John. Oddly enough, they had a strange resemblance in their faces.
As the writers began to expand in their career, the practice of collaborating and borrowing from other writers was established and expected at the time. It was even considered flattering to the author.
Even one of Shakespeare's own poems seems to have been copied from Marlowe or perhaps Marlowe could have copied from Shakespeare.
Marlowe was very well educated and studied at The King's School, Canterbury, University of Cambridge, and Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
To find out who really was one of the greatest writers of all time.
To justify history and find out the truth.
To credit the true writer of the many plays, sonnets, poems, that are very well known.
The case for Edward de Vere
Edward de Vere, 17 Earl of Oxford lived from 1550-1604
He had talent as a poet and playwright, had a reputation as an anonymous poet, and had personal connection to London theater
His wide-ranging travels through France and Italy to what would later become locations of many of Shakespeare's plays
Edwards biography and events appear in Shakespeare's plays, sonnets, and longer poems; parallels of language, idioms, and thoughts between his personal letters and the Shakespeare plays
Underlined passages in his personal bible, are believed to correspond to quotes in Shakespeare
Oxford's death: 1604, Oxfordian researchers cite examples they say show Shakespeare died before 1609, and point to 1604 as the year regular publication of new Shakespeare plays stop
Oxford owned an estate on river Avon and the Avon Valley (where Shakespeare is known to be from)
The case for William Shakespeare from Stratford
Bacon's works simply lack the creativity and imagination that Shakespeare's works have.
A busy man like Bacon simply cannot find time to write and publish more then 40 plays or 156 poems and sonnets.
Bacon writes about down-to-earth reality such as he sees it, he discourses on nearly all matters, divine and human, without room for a single smile.
At the age of forty-five, Francis Bacon had married the fourteen-year-old Alice Barnham The couple had no children; Bacon disinherited his wife the year before he died.
Alice Bacon married someone else two weeks after Sir Francis’s death. There marriage failed and there is no denying that the author loves and admires these women he has invented (or perhaps known).
Shakespeare loves those thoroughly modern Mrs. Page and Mrs. Ford, the Merry but ruthlessly independent Wives of Windsor; he loves Rosalind and Beatrice, and he gave such a strong and independent role to Lady Macbeth! How could Francis Bacon, the woman-hater, have written those plays?
The case Against Sir Francis Bacon
The Case against William Shakespeare form Stratford
There is no record that Shakespeare ever owned a library.
There is no mention of any books in his will.
None of his heirs were involved in the printing of the First Folio after his death, nor did they benefit financially from it.
Shakespeare's manuscripts and unpublished plays would have been his most valued possessions, yet his will mentions no literary productions whatsoever. (It does however mention his second-best bed and his "broad silver gilt bowl")
There are only six known signatures of the man Shakespeare, barely legible, questioning if he was even literate.
How did Shakespeare even know any languages other than English, or about foreign landscapes and culture, where many of the plays take place (The Taming of the Shrew, Merchant of Venice, Romeo and Juliet, etc), or the inside politics of noble court life (Hamlet, Macbeth, etc)?
There are no specific records relating to the education of a "William Shakespeare" or his attendance at school.
Various biographical accounts of William Shakespeare and his involvement with Chamberlain’s Men, a theater group, show he was known as a "player."
The successes were plays such as The Tempest, Othello, and Hamlet, all written by playwright, William Shakespeare.
Records of this William Shakespeare show that he performed for Queen Elizabeth I.
A later document shows this Shakespeare received a gift of red cloth from King James I when the monarch became part of the troupe.
Shakespeare demonstrated in his plays that had a vocabulary estimated at 25,000 words.
He was able to translate Greek and Latin, and develop the English language with new words derived from his knowledge of these languages.
Not only did he understand the languages of other cultures, but he knew much about their histories and geography as well.
He was an expert in law, botany, falconry, and was fond of learning medicine.
No records appear to show any claims that he did not have an education.
However, for a time his father was Stratford’s high bailiff , which would earn young William a place at the King’s New School.
While in elementary school, he would have been in Latin and classic history classes.
Accounts of William Shakespeare himself briefly working as a teacher shows he has an education of some sort.
William Shakespeare has a family crest, how could he have a family crest if he wasn't real?
William Shakespeare's family crest
"Not without right."
Anti - Oxfordians
Anti - Marlovians
Are You A Banana?
The first two Latin lines on the Shakespeare memorial on Stratford-upon-Avon translate to "In judgment a Pylian, in genius a Socrates, in art Maro, the earth covers him, the people mourn him, Olympus possesses him", referring to Nestor, Socrates, Virgil, and Mount Olympus. It describes Shakespeare in words that fit Francis Bacon - as a famous statesman, philosopher and scholar-poet, who lives 'immortal' in Olympus.
The case against Christopher Marlowe
The Case against Edward de Vere
Although some people believe Marlowe's death was faked, there is still always a chance he could have actually died and not lived to write the plays and poems believed to be Shakespeare.
As the writers began to expand in their career, the practice of collaborating and borrowing from other writers was established and expected at the time.
Because Shakespeare's similar works were written after this may prove the theory that Shakespeare took the works of others and made them better.
There is no hard evidence to support de Vere's “candidacy” as the author of the Shakespearean works.
Many of the Shakespeare plays and sonnets were written and revised long after de Vere's death in 1604. Some prime examples of this can be found in Macbeth, Anthony and Cleopatra, King Lear, The Tempest, Timon of Athens and Henry VIII.
Shakespeare's Sonnets were still being written as late as 1621—the best examples are Sonnets 37, 66, 89 and 125.
The Earl was born in 1550, which means that if he started writing the plays and poems at age 18, he would have produced his first work in 1568. Not many people believe that anything in the First Folio, the collection of 36 plays by Shakespeare, was written that far back.
Personal letter from Edward de Vere
Seeing that it hath pleased your Majesty of your most gracious inclination to justice & right to restore me to be keeper of your game as well in your forest of Waltham, as also in Havering Park, I can do no less in duty and love to your Majesty but employ myself in the execution thereof. And to the end you might the better know in what sort both the forest & the park have been abused, and yet continued, as well in destroying of the deer as in spoiling of your demesne wood by such as have patents & had licences heretofore for felling of timber in the Queen’s time lately deceased, presuming thereby that they may do what they list, I was bold to send unto your Majesty a man skilful, learned & experienced in forest causes, who being a dweller and eye-witness thereof might inform you of the truth. And because your Majesty upon a bare information could not be so well satisfied of every particular as by lawful testimony & examination of credible witness upon oath, according to your Majesty’s appointment by commission a course hath been taken in which your Majesty shall be fully satisficed of truth. This commission, together with the depositions of the witness, I do send to your Majesty by this bearer, who briefly can inform you of the whole contence. So that now, having lawfully proved unto your Majesty that Sir John Gray hath killed and destroyed your deer in Havering Park without any warrant for the same, his patent is void in law, & therefore I most humbly beseech your Majesty to make him an example for all others that shall in like sort abuse their places, & to restore me to the possession thereof, in both which your Majesty shall do but justice and right to the one & other. This 30 of January 1603.
Your Majesty’s most humble subject and servant.
Oxford's letter to King James: January 30, 1603
The final conclusion is that William Shakespeare is the real Shakespeare! William has the most compelling evidence to support that he is the one and only Shakespeare! Despite the fact that the other candidates had strong evidence, the proof against them was much stronger!
Oxfordian theory. (2013, June 12). Retrieved from https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Oxfordian_theory.html
Marlowe, C. (n.d.). Christopher marlowe's poems summary and analysis. Retrieved from http://www.gradesaver.com/christopher-marlowes-poems/study-guide/section9/
Christopher marlowe and shakespeare. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://public.csusm.edu/marlowe/shakespeare.html
Christopher marlowe. (2003). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/shakespeare/players/player24.html
Summary of baconian evidence for shakespeare authorship. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.sirbacon.org/links/evidence.htm
Francis bacon - shakespeare authorship resources. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.francisbaconsamerica.org/francis-bacon/bacon-as-shakespeare-resources.html
Sir francis bacon. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.shakespeareanauthorshiptrust.org.uk/pages/candidates/bacon.htm
Margolis, J. (n.d.). Forsooth, it doth behoove us to debunketh shakespeare. Retrieved from http://members.shaw.ca/chazzpeppin/shakespeare.html
A coat of arms. (2003). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/shakespeare/events/event125.html
Vere letter: hath many good parts in him. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://deveresocietyaustralia.wordpress.com/letters/