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The History of Video Games

The History of Video Games

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on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of The History of Video Games

In 1952, the game Noughts and Crosses (tic-tac-toe) was released, and was the first electric game to use a digital graphical display. This became known as the first video game. 1952 1958 In 1958, the game Tennis for Two was released. This was the second video game made, though commonly thought to be the first. 1961 In 1961 "Spacewar!" was released. This was the first shooter game. 1972 In May, 1971, Magnavox released "Odyssey", the fist home video game console and the first electronic game to be called a "video game". 1971 Galaxy Game, the first coin operated game, was released. Later, a similar game called "Computer Space" was released to be sold commercially; however, the latter used an actual video display by having an actual T.V. in the cabinet. 1972 Pong, perhaps one of the most well known video games, is released. It used the same T.V. set design as "Computer Space". 1977 Nintendo releases their first console, the "Nintendo Color T.V. Game" (left). This was the beginning of the second generation of video game consoles. Another console released around this time was the Fairchild Channel F (right). It has the distinction of being the first programmable ROM cartridge–based video game console, and the first console to use a microprocessor. 1978-1982 Several notable arcade games were released, such as "Space Invaders", "Pac-Man", "Galaga", "Tron", and "Donkey Kong" during this time. In 1981, Nintendo released a series of games that also functioned as a watch and an alarm called "Game and Watch". 43.4 million copies of the 59 different games were sold in its eleven year run. 1977 On October, 1977, The Atari 2600 was released. This was the best selling game console of its time. 1983 The Nintendo Family computer, or Famicom, was released in Japan. In 1985, the Famicom was sold in America as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or NES. This console was revolutionary, having some of the most well known games of all time, such as "Tetris", "Duck Hunt", "Mega Man", "The Legend of Zelda", "Metroid", "Final Fantasy", and, most prominent, "Super Mario Bros". It also had several popular accessories, such as the NES zapper or Power Pad, and not so popular ones such as the robot R.O.B. and the Powerglove. This system was the first in the third generation of video games. 1986 Sega released the Sega Master System to compete with the NES. Its most well known game was "Sonic the Hedgehog". 1988 The Sega Genesis (Sega Mega Drive in Japan)was released to start the fourth generation, or 16-bit era, of video games. This was Sega's best selling console, selling 29 million units. It featured several popular Sonic the Hedgehog (Sega's flagship character) games, such as "Sonic and Knuckles" and "Sonic 3D Blast". 1989 The Nintendo Game Boy, Nintendo's second handheld system, was released. It had several notable games such as, "Super Mario Land", "Donkey Kong Land", "Kirby's Dreamland", and most prominent, "Pokemon Versions Red, Blue, and Green". It was an instant hit, selling 118 million units worldwide. The Turbografx-16 was also released that year. Even though it sold well, it could not keep up with the NES or Genesis. 1990 In 1990, Nintendo released the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, or the SNES (Super Famicom in Japan). This was the best selling video game console of the fourth generation, selling 49 million units. Some well known games it had are "Super Metroid", "Star Fox", "Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars", and,its highest rated game, "Super Mario World", which sold over 20 million copies. 1993 In 1993, the Atari Jaguar was released in San Francisco and New York, and in early 1994 to the rest of the country. The Jaguar began the fifth generation of video games, and even though it was the first 64 bit gaming console, it was a commercial failure. After this, Atari left the home video game console market. 1994 In 1994, Sony releases its first video game console, the Play Station. It had 32 bit graphics, and used optical disks instead of cartridges, heavily influencing the end of cartridge use. It sold over 100 million units over the course of nine years, and continued shipping games until March 23, 2006. The PlayStation was redesigned into a slimmer model, called the PSOne. It had several popular games, such as "Doom", "Final Fantasy IX", "Spyro the Dragon", "Tomb Raider", and its best seller, "Gran Turismo". 1996 In 1996, Nintendo released the Nintendo 64, the last significant cartridge based home console. With 64 bit graphics, the Nintendo 64 was home to some of the most popular games at the time, such as "Super Mario 64", the best selling game of the time, "Super Smash Bros.", "Mario Kart 64", and "Pokemon Stadium. It was also home to some of the most influential games of all time. "GoldenEye 007" was a highly rated shooter that had multiplayer which changed today's multiplayer. Another game, "The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time", which has one of the highest reviews of all time, revolutionized the role playing game genre, and without it, several best selling games of today would not exist. In the end, the Nintendo 64 sold 32.93 million dollars. 1998 In 1998, the Gameboy Color, a redo of the original Gameboy that features a colored screen, was released. 1999 Sega released the Dreamcast, its last home console, which sold 10.6 million units. The Dreamcast was considered to be far ahead of its time and a pioneer for online play, it had a short life due to the announcement of the PlayStation 2. Some of its more popular games were "Nights", "Sonic Adventure", "Marvel Vs. Capcom", and "Soul Calibur". This was the beginning of the sixth generation. 2000 In 2000, Sony released the PlayStation 2, finding large success, selling 138 million units worldwide, making it the best selling console of all time. New games are still being developed for it. Some popular games on it are "Metal Gear Solid 3: Subsistence", "Shadow of the Colossus", and, its best seller, "Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas". You can do online multiplayer and other internet capabilities by connecting to the PlayStation Network (PSN) for free. 2001 Nintendo releases the Gameboy Advance, selling 81 million units. It would later be adapted into a more compact version called the Gameboy Advance SP. Its two best sellers were "Pokemon Versions Ruby and Sapphire". It also had several NES and SNES games adapted for it. 2001 In late 2001, Nintendo released the Gamecube, their first console using optical disks. To prevent piracy, They used smaller disks. Partially as a result of this, it does not have the DVD-Video playback functionality of the PlayStation 2 and Xbox systems, nor the audio CD playback ability of other consoles that use full-size optical discs. Using the Nintendo broadband adapter and modem, you could play online, but was used only for four games.
It sold 21 million units, well behind its competitors. It had several highly rated games, such as "Mario Kart: Double Dash!! ", "Super Mario Sunshine", "The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker", "Luigi's Mansion", and its best seller, "Super Smash Bros. Melee ". 2001 In late 2001, around the same time as the Gamecube, Microsoft's first gaming console, the Xbox, was released. It had highly rated online play through Xbox Live, but a paid subscription was required. It sold 24 million units before being discontinued in 2007. Their best selling games were "Halo: Combat Evolved", "Halo 2", "Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell", and "Fable". 2004 In 2004, the Nintendo D.S. was released. It was unique because it had two screens, a standard one and a touch screen. They were also internet compatible. Some of their best sellers are "New Super Mario Bros.", "Nintendogs", and "Pokemon Diamond and Pearl". 2004 In late 2004, Sony released the Play Station Portable (PSP), the first hand held console to use optical disks. It has been made slimmer several times and is internet compatible. Worldwide, it has sold over 71 million units. Its best sellers are "Monster Hunter Portable 3rd ", "Gran Turismo", and "God of War: Chains of Olympus". The PSP can also connect to the PlayStation Network. 2005 In 2005, Microsoft released the successor to the Xbox, the Xbox 360. It uses an enhanced version of Xbox Live, allowing it to do much more than its predecessor. It is also much more powerful than the original Xbox. So far, over 60 million units have been sold. Some of its best sellers are "Halo 3", "Call of Duty: Black Ops", and "Gears of War". The Xbox 360 began the seventh generation of video games. 2006 In 2006, Sony released the PlayStation 3 (PS3). It is much more powerful than the PlayStation 2 and has better internet capabilities. It uses Blu-Ray disks, since it is also a Blu-Ray player. Its best sellers are "Gran Turismo 5 ", "God of War III", "Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2", and "Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception ". 2006 Eight days after the release of the PS3, Nintendo released the Wii. It was the first video game console to use motion technology. To do this it uses a combination of built-in accelerometers and infrared detection to sense its position in 3D space when pointed at the LEDs within the Sensor Bar. It is able to access the internet using Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection. Its best sellers are "Wii Sports", "Mario Kart Wii", and "Wii Sports Resort". 2006 In 2007, Nintendo released the Nintendo D.S. Lite, a brighter and slimmer version of the Nintendo D.S. 2007 The Xbox 360 Elite is released, which prevents the Red Ring of Death, a technical problem that would render your Xbox 360 unusable. 2008 Nintendo releases the Nintendo D.S.i, which is a more powerful version of the Nintendo D.S., which features better internet capabilities and two cameras. Also released is the PSP Go, a more compact PSP, is released. 2009 The PS3 slim, which is a slimmer PS3 that uses less power, is released. It is also compatible with the Move, a feature that uses controllers similar to those of the Wii 2010 The Xbox 360 S, a slimmer Xbox 360 Elite is released. It is also compatible with the Kinect, a motion sensing input device. Based around a webcam-style add-on peripheral for the Xbox 360 console, it enables users to control and interact with the Xbox 360 without the need to touch a game controller, through a natural user interface using gestures and spoken commands. Its best selling game is Kinect Adventures, since it comes bundled with it. 2011 In early 2011, the Nintendo 3DS was released. The 3DS is a more powerful version of the DSi that has a 3D screen not requiring 3D glasses. Some of its games are "Super Mario Land 3D", "Mario Kart 7", and "Nintendogs+Cats". This was the beginning of the eighth generation of video games. So far, it has sold 19 million units. 2011 In late 2011, Sony released the Play Station Vita (PS Vita), the successor to the PSP. It is much more powerful than the PSP, and has dual touch screens-one on the back and one on the front. Some of its games are "Rayman Origins", "Uncharted: Golden Abyss", and "Little Deviants". The Future of Video Game Consoles: 2012-2013 In late 2012, Nintendo plans to release the Wii U, a more powerful console that uses a Wii controller and a tablet controller. In early 2013, a new console called OUYA that will be built upon open-source software technology running on the Android mobile operating system. The History of Video Game Consoles
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