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Transcript of Irena Sendler
Harding, Louette. "Irena Sendler: A Holocaust Heroine." Mail Online. Newspapers Ltd, 1 Aug. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2013. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/you/article-1037057/Irena-Sendler-Holocaust-heroine.html>.
Siggi."The Story of Irena Sendler." Business and Faith. Copyright, 2 Sept. 2013. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. <http://www.businessandfaith.eu/story-irena-sendler/>
"Irena Sendler." Home. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 13 May 2008. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/irenasendler.html>.
Mother: Janina Krzyzanowski
First husband: Mieczyslaw Sendler, but divorced shortly after
Second husband: Stefan Zgrzembski, died with a heart disease in the 1960s.
Had two sons and one daughter: Janina Zgrzembska, Andrzej Zgrzembski, Adam Zgrzembski
First son Andrzej Zgrzembski: died a few days after he was born
Second son Adam Zgrzembski: died of a heart disease in 1999
Born on February 15th, 1910 in Warsaw, Poland as Catholic
Grew up in Otwock as an only child, returned back to Warsaw after her father died when she was 7
Father taught her to love and respect others regarding their ethnicity or social status, which later helped her do what she accomplished
Failed to obey Jewish segregation laws -> got expelled from university -> went back a year later, but her kids weren't allowed to enter because of her actions
The Warsaw camp
Warsaw camp was largest of all Jewish ghettos made by Nazis in Europe.
500,000 people in the camp waiting to be killed
5,000 people died each month of disease and starvation.
the area of the camp was about 1 square kilometer and the walls were 7 ft high.
"If you see a man drowning, you must try to save him even if you cannot swim." -Irena Sendler
All her family died except for one of her daughters. Even though she had many hardships, she kept her path straight.
Risks and Sacrifices
October 1943 - Captured by the Germans when they found out about her rescue
Irena sentenced to death
Bribed people, wasn't executed.
Went to jail after rescuing the Jewish students
Escaped on the morning of scheduled execution
Was able to get into the camp every day by getting a legal pass from doctors in Warsaws Epidemic Control Department
Secretly smuggled in food, medicine, and clothing
Saved 2,500 Jewish children from Nazis by--
Inspiring Character Traits
Caring and open-minded by helping complete strangers
Risk-taker by risking her life to save others
Respectful by respecting everyone the same regarding the their ethnicity and social status
Determined because she never gave up
Loving by spreading God's love and sharing it, and loving everyone she helped and saved.
“I was brought up to believe that a person must be rescued when drowning, regardless of religion and nationality.” – Irena Sendler
by secretly bringing the children out of the Warsaw Ghetto
Gave herself and children fake identities with hidden code
Determined and engaged with the work -> after the war, found children's parents and reunited them or found other families willing to adapt them
Nichiho, Mayte, and EunKyo
Unit Question- In what situations should people go against cultural norms in order to follow their convictions?
It's difficult to obey God rather than do what others expect you to do because what many think we should do are different from what God thinks we should do. For Irena Sendler, many people in her situation would have just stood by and watched it happening without taking any actions. But Irena did what God wanted her to do; to step up for strangers and love them like your family.
Human laws and Rules can be very cruel. And If you do not follow them the consequences can be horrible.
It is very difficult when you are not brave enough to do risks or make sacrifices for others, especially when there are rules that you have to obey. But Irena Sendler was a risk taker who made sacrifices and thought about others who needed help, and did what God wanted her to do.
Known as the "mother of the Holocaust children", because she changed the fate of more than 2,500 children facing the Holocaust.