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What was life like in a concentration camp ?
Transcript of What was life like in a concentration camp ?
The first thing the jews would encounter were the gates of their concentration camp .
The words "ARBEIT MACHT FREI" were on nearly every gate of the Nazi concentration camps.The words are a german slogan meaning "Work makes (you) free".
What were some of the things that happened when they arrived to the concentration camp?
1. The SS would take the belonging the jews had brought with them .
2. Women and men were separated.
4. They would be shaved.
What is selection ?
Once the Jews were unloaded and separated into male and female lines, they were then subjected to a selection process. SS doctors carried out this selection.
Usually, those aged over 14 years of age and deemed ‘fit’ for work were sent to one side of the unloading ramp; the rest were sent to the other side.The elderly and women with children were sent directly to the line of prisoners who were condemned to death in the gas chambers. Prisoners would be registered, before undressing, placing their clothes on a hook, together with their shoes. They would then be tattooed with a registration number, shaved of all body hair, disinfected and forced through showers that were either extremely cold or painfully hot. Once showered, prisoners were given the infamous striped pyjamas, hat and a pair of wooden clogs. They were marched to the blocks to begin their life within the camp.
What is the difference between the death and labor camps?
The death camps also known as extermination camp were designed for one purpose, Murder of the jews . They had gas chambers and crementories. Six death or extermination camps were constructed in Poland. These so-called death factories were Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Belzec , Sobibór, Lublin (also called Majdanek ), and Chelmno . The first, Chelmno, began operating in late 1941. The others began their operations in 1942.
These are the gas chambers.
The labor camps held the jews that were not sent to the death camps. Thousands of prisoners died from exhaustion, starvation, and exposure , SS units guarded these camps. During World War II, the Nazi camp system expanded rapidly. In some camps, Nazi doctors performed medical experiments on prisoners.
Auschwitz was the largest concentration and extermination camp built. It is estimated that 1.1 million people were killed at Auschwitz.
An estimated 1.1 million children were murdered in the Holocaust.
The term "Nazi" is an acronym for "Nationalsozialistishe Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" ("National Socialist German Worker's Party").
Dachau was the first Nazi concentration camp built. The camp was built in 1933.
Prisoners were used to test the viruses and their vaccines.
“As the Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel warned years ago, to forget a holocaust is to kill twice.”
― Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking
“Monsters exist, but they are too few in numbers to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are…the functionaries ready to believe and act without asking questions.”
― Primo Levi