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Transcript of Participles
There are two major forms: -ing and -ed.
Prepositions: 'by' is often used with -ed form, 'to' and 'for' are often used with -ing.
Participles are verbals that function as adjectives.
Emotive participles are used to describe a noun or pronoun that is causing (-ing) or being (-ed) in an emotional state. Use
Verb + -ing (subject is causing an emotion)
Verb + -ed (subject is experiencing an emotion Emotive I am intrigued by your odor. The platypus is an intriguing specimen to (for) many. Excite Excit- -ing -ed Sinks are fascinating to kitties. My striped cats are fascinated by the sink. Is school bored or boring? Will she feel embarrassed or embarrassing? Is my grandmother exhilarated or exhilarating? Is the press release annoyed or annoying? Which dog is scaring and which is scared? This is a shaved alpaca. Talk to the man shaving. Sticking out his tongue, the frog caught something. The end Satisfy Satisfi- -ed Satisfied Exciting Excited alarm
worry Placement (Syntax)
As adjectives, participles follow the basic placement rules of adjectives.
When directly modifying, participles precede nouns and pronouns: The boring man is here.
Participles can also follow linking verbs as predicate adjectives: The man is so boring. When a word ends in 'e'. If a verb ends in 'y' (-ed). Activity: Participle Practice
The goal of this activity is to find the person with the same word.
Each person will be given an index card with an emotive verb on it. Go about the room trying to find the person with the same word on his or her index card. To see if someone has the same card as you, you must each use the word as a participle in a sentence. If you find your partner, you are done. If you have not found your partner, you move on to investigate other cards via making sentences. Make sure to monitor and correct each other's usage! If you show people your card, you fail. ESL students have difficulties with emotive participles for 2 main reasons: 1. In some languages the -ed and -ing participles are translated using the same word: 2. ESL learners confuse -ed and -ing emotive participles with other English words with -ed and -ing endings.
1)ESL learners usually confuse –ing emotive participles with continuous verbs that also end in “ing”
eg. He is doing his homework. (present continuous tense)
Fishing is his favorite sports. (gerund)
The book is interesting. (emotive participle)
(2)ESL students also confuse –ed emotive participles verbs conjugated in the simple past tense or passive voice.
eg. She hurried to the grocery store to buy some dog food(simple past tense)
The door should be locked.(passive voice)
He was confused by the response.(emotive participle)