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Hope & Wisdom 1704 - the Sultan of Brunei asked for support and received help from the Sultan of Sulu to quell a rebellion in Brunei. Out of gratitude, the Sultan of Brunei gave the northern part of Borneo to the Sultan of Sulu.
1878 - 174 years later, Baron Von de Overbeck leased North Borneo from the Sultan of Sulu for 5,300 Mexican pieces of gold a year. Overbeck created the British North Borneo Co., which company was chartered by Great Britain.
In 1936, the British North Borneo Co. stopped the lease payments, after Sultan Jamalul Kiram II, the 32nd Sultan of Sulu, died. A Sessions Court in North Borneo ordered the resumption of payment by the company to the sultanate. What is the history behind the Dispute? 1963, North Borneo was renamed Sabah. Over the vigorous objection of the Philippine government, Sabah was included as part of the Federation of Malaysia.
Malaysia converted the stipulated rental payment into Malaysian ringgit (now the equivalent of a mere P77,000) which is not the legal equivalent of 5,300 pieces of Mexican gold.
The lease agreement used the word “padjak” (this word became the subject of dispute). After 85 years of paying rent Malaysia in 1963 conveniently misinterpreted the word "padjak" to mean cession or sale. More than 200 followers of the Sultanate of Sulu landed in Sabah last month, declaring the territory as their homeland.
Both the Philippine and Malaysian governments had repeatedly urged them to return home.
A standoff in Sabah erupted in violence on Friday (March 1, 2013) morning,with 12 followers of the sultan of Sulu and two police officers killed as Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak declared his patience had run out.
Najib, quoted by state news agency Bernama, confirmed the Malaysian police deaths and said that 10 to 12 Filipinos had been killed after their group tried to break through a security cordon around a village in Lahad Datu where they had been holed up since Feb. 9. The SABAH standoff Let us pray that the Filipinos in Sabah will be safe and spared from harm
Let us also pray that the forces of the Sultanate and the Sultanate himself will realize that there is a peaceful way to resolve the conflict
and to cap off everything, here's a video about the Sabah Standoff .... by John Matthew Ruiz 3A The least that our government can do for them is to represent them before the United Nations or through whatever diplomatic means. The sultanate insists padjak means rent. If this is a sale, why are they still continue paying the Sultan of Sulu? A sale needs a specific price. A continuous indefinite yearly payment of P77,000 cannot be a definite sale by any legal definition. It can only mean rent. - The Filipino Community from Sabah AND FROM THAT, THE DISPUTE STARTED Some 250 of our Muslim brothers are risking their lives to claim what rightfully belongs to them—Sabah.
They have settled at Lahad Datu there. The Government's Response
In his press conference, DFA Spokesperson Hernandez said the Philippines wants to send its ship, BRP Tagbanua, to dock in Lahad Datu, Sabah. He said the ship will attend to injured Filipinos and bring them back home.
President Benigno Aquino III, for his part, said he is monitoring the situation in Sabah.
The government also appealed to the members of the Sultanate of Sulu’s “royal army” to leave Sabah for their own safety and vowed to address the core issues the “royal army” had raised.
The Philippines requested Malaysia to extend for several days the deadline for the supporters of Kiram to leave Sabah. There was no Malaysian response to the request. IN RELATION TO OUR LESSON Sabah Dispute Italian Wars of the Renaissance Period These wars rapidly became a general struggle for power and territory among their various participants Sources: