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The Imperative to Promote the Community College

Strengthening Student Success Conference, Oakland, CA
by

Dr. Laurie Scolari

on 6 April 2016

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Transcript of The Imperative to Promote the Community College

Promoting the Community College

Our Collective Responsibility

Imperative To Promote the Community College
Students of Color - Majority by 2020
Four types of students we can more readily capture through a community college pathway
Promoting the Community College by Dr. Laurie Scolari
Dr. Laurie Scolari

Maria
Does not meet UC/CSU entry requirements
Sean
Got into CSU but could not afford fees
John
Does not pursue postsecondary education after high school
High School Drop Out,
unaware of CC entry requirements
Rosa
Only 54% of HS graduates meet entry requirements
Disproportionally affects African American & Latino Students
Low income household earnings decreased 7%
High income household earnings increased 73%
Student feedback across five CA community colleges:

Majority of students expressed
frustration
over the lack of information they had received about community colleges in their transition from high school

Students
did not notice a community college presence
at their schools - only received information about four-year colleges (Venezia, 2010).

Community College Information
Rarely Distributed in High Schools
SFUSD Study: 135 High School Students

Students heard about 4 year app process 70% of the time

Students heard about CC app process 25% of the time

Independent t-test showed statistical significance
(Scolari, 2013)

Community College Information Rarely Promoted

56% of African-American and Latino students said
college costs were a major obstacle

in deciding whether they should pursue higher education (Noeth & Wimberly, 2004).

A majority of students of color
perceive they cannot afford college
, and therefore, do not attend (Noeth & Wimberly, 2004).

Many not aware that community college is an affordable option and is often
free
with fee waivers (Board of Governors’ Initiative, 2001).

Most Students Unaware –
CC- the Most Affordable Option
Community College:
The Most Affordable Option
Community College Leads to 4-year Completion
CCCs transfer 60% of CSU system graduates

CCCs transfer 30% of UC system graduates

The majority of African-American and Latino students in the US begin their post-secondary pathway in community colleges (Phellippe & Sullivan, 2005).
Community College Students Are Successful
Community college students do as well or better than students who went directly into a four-year institution from high school (Handel, 2006).

Community College Certificates Lead to High Earnings
Study of 20,000 community college graduates, researchers found long-term certificates and associate’s degrees lead to
better employment odds and higher wages
— sometimes even more so than bachelor’s degrees (Dadgar, 2015).

Health care, technology and skilled labor are just a few of the sectors that students with community college credentials have
starting salaries above $50,000
(U.S. Bureau of Labor).

Researchers found that high school counselors mainly promote the four-year track — but can need to use this data to present community college as a legit option for students (Dadgar, 2015).
*tuition/housing only - does not include cost of books
Since 1980, tuition has increased 4x the rate of inflation
In San Francisco Unified, 1000 HS graduates go nowhere every year
In San Francisco, 1500 students drop out or stop out every year
Talking Points for Promoting the Community College
Why didn't we capture John?
SFUSD Study Results:
Limited Support At Home
94% of first-gen students indicated they did not receive any hands on support from parents in college app.


Study of nearly 10,000 high school students

- African-American and Latino students reported being the most strongly influenced by counseling services in their post-secondary plans


(Lee & Ekstrom, 2011)
Why didn't we capture John?
Counselor Support Is Critical For Students Of Color
College planning not always built into public high schools. No one is held responsible for college-going rates(McDonough, 2004)

Counselor to student ratio 3000:1 (Ceja, 2000)


Why didn't we capture John?
Limited Policy: HS Counselors
Study 23 urban high schools - less than half (42%) could access them (Noeth & Wimberly, 2004).

SFUSD study: African American students reported receiving the least support from after school program providers compared to other ethnic groups - statistically significant at p=0.018. (Scolari, 2013)
After-School Program Providers -
Not Far Reaching Enough
Full transcript