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Figurative Language

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by

Galilea Cortez

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Allegory
A story, poem or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning typically a moral or political one.
Anachronism
A thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, especially a thing that is conspicuously old - fashioned.
Antagonist
In literature, Antagonist is a charter or a group of characteristics which stand in opposition to the protagonist or the main character. The term antagonist comes from Greek word "antagonistes" that means opponent, competitor or rival.
Aphorism
Aphorism is a statement of truth or opinion expressed in a concise and witty manner. The term is often applied to philosophical, moral and literary principals.
Consonance
Consonance refers to repetitive sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase. This repetition often takes place in quick succession such as in peter patter. It is classified as a literary term used in both poetry as well as prose for instance, the words chuckle, fickle, and kick are constant with one and other due to the existence of common interior consonant sounds.
Cosmic Irony
the idea that fate, destiny, or a god controls and toys with human hopes and expectations; also, the belief that the universe is so large and man is so small that the universe is indifferent to the plight of man; also called irony of fate
Figurative Language
Galilea Cortez
Example
The ant and the grasshopper
In a field, one summer day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart's content. An Ant passed by bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest.
"Why not come and chat with me" said the Grasshopper "instead of toiling and moiling in that way?"
"I am helping to lay up food for the winter", said the Ant, "I recommend you to do the same". So the Ant went on its way and continued its toil. When the winter came, the Grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores he had collected during the summer. Then the Grasshopper knew ......
it is best to prepare for the days of necessity.
My Example
Mary was telling a secret to her friend with her sister inside the room with them. She didn't think she would tell her mom the secret. Boy, was she wrong. She told the whole house! Now she knows to
not say any secrets in front of her little sister.
The Ant is working hard for the winter because he know whats to come. The Grasshopper on the other hand just wastes time and doesn't do anything. At the end of the story he finds out that the the Ant was right after all.
Example
* a painter paints a portrait of Aristotle wearing a wrist watch*
My Example
*My grandmother showing us a selfie she took of when she was a teenager*
This shows Anachronism because back when Abraham Lincoln was alive, there was no boom box invented yet.
Example
The Joker is Superman's Antagonist

The Ice King is Finn & Jake's Antagonist
My Example
School is Galilea's Antagonist

Life is Galilea's Antagonist
Cinderella's step-mom would always be against Cinderella. The step-mom wouldn't let Cinderella do what she wanted to do.
Example
Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind.

The man who removes a mountain begins by carrying away small stones
My Example
Most people think of family time as work.
This photo represents how you would have to basically threat a person so that they wouldn't say what you had told them.
Example
* on Scrolls of Silver Snowy Sentences
* some Mammals are clammy
* dragging the Lazy Languid Line along
My Example
* Gathering Grapes along Geller street is cool
* the Flute's sound Fly's to Fernando's ear
* Go Gallop to Grandma's house
This would be an example of consonance because there is repeating in the small text.
Example
Dead Metaphor
A dead metaphor is saying a non - living thing having human body parts.
Example
* the
arm
of the chair
* the
legs
of the table
* the
foot
of the bed
* the
hands
of the clock
* the
neck
of the river
* the
eye
of the needle
* the
shoulder
of the road
My Example
* the
face
of the clock
* the
body
of an essay
* Whatever can go wrong will go wrong, and at the worst possible time.
* The universe is against me!
* The English will recognize the phenomenon of going on holiday to Spain (for the gorgeously hot weather) only for it to rain the whole time... and then when you get back find out it's been the hottest fortnight since records began.
My Example
* Ants compared to the universe.
Poverty is increasing. 16 year old's getting pregnant. Rapist out on the streets with no one worrying about them. New diseases being discovered. And you? You're worrying about a simple stain on your shirt.
once there was a dog that had a cat named lulu so he could say LULULULULU when she got lost. They were very good friends. They loved each other s o much but one day lulu came back crying. whats wrong asked dog. im pregnant she said. by who said dog. by guy she said. dog got verry mad and looked for guy and orced them to get married.
the end
The body of the essay here would be what's in the middle because it tells most of the story.
Diction
Style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words: good diction.

Example
* “And the trees all
died
. They were orange trees. I don’t know why they
died
, they just died. Something wrong with the soil possibly or maybe the stuff we got from the nursery wasn’t the best. We complained about it. So we’ve got thirty kids there, each kid had his or her own little tree to plant and we’ve got these thirty
dead
trees. All these kids looking at these little
brown sticks
, it was
depressing
.”

My Example
* (kids today using "slang" language when texting)
"wassup bro"
"nuthin much, u?"
"same"
"kool"
"wanna hang?"
"yea sure, ill be ova ina bit"
She is speaking in a slang language.
Dramatic Irony
Dramatic irony is irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play
Example
* In Romeo & Juliet, everyone knows they end up dying.
* A surprise birthday party, everyone knows about it but you.
My Example
* In the last movie of Superman, the whole audience knew Superman was going to end up saving the day but the people in the movie didn't.
Nobody in the show knew that Miley Cyrus was Hannah Montana but the people watching the show knew she was.
Epithet
Any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality.

Example
* Caspar The Friendly
Ghost
*
Shop
Dress Up
*
Snakes
on a
Plane
My Example
* Edward
Scissorhands

* The
Pink Panther
In this movie, the title shows that the movie is obviously going to be about their horrible day.
Eu
phemism
The substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh or blunt.

Example
* "I do not fail, I succeed in finding out what does not work"
My Example
* rest room for toilet room
* big boned for fat
* pre-owned vehicles for used cars
* passed away for died
In this picture it shows that this man is saying something but he is putting a bow on it so that it doesn't look/sound so bad.
Flashback
A device in the narrative of a motion picture, novel, etc., by which an event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work

Example
* “Seems like just yesterday you were a part of me I used to stand so tall , I used to be so strong.”(this is flashback because it is referring to something in the past)

My Example
* I always have flashbacks of when my parents were together and we were one big happy family.

This describes a flashback because the lady is having a flashback to when she was a little girl.
Hyperbole
A hyperbole is obvious and intentional exaggeration.

Example
* I'm so hungry I could eat an entire horse
* My back pack weighs a ton.
* These shoes are killing me
My Example
* She's drop dead gorgeous!
* I could sleep for a year.
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance .

Example
* "Our song is the slamming screen door, sneaking out late, tapping on your window.”
* She is my world.
* His shoe is the size of an elephant.
My Example
* Mimi's neck is the size of a house.
* Edgar's leg is hairier than my head.
"The money is melting away"
Its a metaphor because its really not melting away. What they mean is that they they're wasting money.
Metonymy
A figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is part.
Example
* The
White House
declared that we are at war with mars.
(
Obama
is being replaced with The
White House
.)
* After leading a rebellion, he seized the
throne
.
(
Absolute power
or
kingship
is being replaced by the
throne.
)
My Example
* *talking to mom*
"I know this
girl
and she's pregnant but her mom didn't knew she was dating guys in the first place and she doesn't know what to do."
(She is being replaced by
girl
)
"The pen is mightier than the sword"
This shows Metonymy because the sword is the mightiest one there, not the pen.
Malapropism
An act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, especially by the confusion of words that are similar in sound.
Example
* An example is like confusing deer and dear then you realized the difference and you keep doing it because its funny.

My Example
* see & sea
* too & to & two
* no & know
He says ninety-two instead of not into because they sound alike.
Protagonist
The protagonist is the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work.
Example
* batman and joker,
batman
* cinderella and stepmom,
cinderella
* ariel and octopus lady,
ariel
My Example
* little red riding hood and wolf,
little red riding hood
* alice and queen of hearts,
alice
The protagonist here would be Dorothy because she is the good one.
Stream of Consciousness
Psychology, thought regarded as a succession of ideas and images constantly moving forward in time.
Example
* Doing homework then remembering you left you left a piece of pie on the table.
* In class, then asking yourself if you would live to see you great grandchildren.
My Example
* Getting in trouble, then start wondering if you already ate.
* Burst into tears in the middle of a conversation because you remember about your cat that ran away when you were 10.
This shows a Stream of consciousness because he gets distracted and starts talking about something else.
Understatement
The act or an instance of understating, or representing in a weak or restrained way that is not borne out by the facts.
Example
* The man crashed his friends car but told him it was like that when his brother gave it to him so that the brother would get the blame.
My Example
* A sign that says "sand" placed in sand.
It's obvious that his leg is going to be sore because it's broken.
Voice
When the subject is the agent or doer of the action, the verb is in the active voice. When the subject is the patient, target or undergoes of the action, the verb is said to be in the passive voice.
Example
For example, in the sentence: The cat ate the mouse. The verb “ate” is in the active voice.

My Example
The hunter killed the bear. The verb “killed’ is in the active voice.
In this picture, it shows how it is writing with voice. The voice is the hand.
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