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History of Rock Music: Chapter 10
Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 10
Rock and Roll History X
Sources: Shirley, 133-134. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talking_Heads
Led by singer-composer David Byrne who sang in “clipped, high-pitched whine.”
Their fourth album and masterpiece was Remain in the Light (1980). It was produced by Brian Eno and combined punk with the rhythmic complexity of funk.
Back in England a “new wave” of punk bands gained attention.
Debut album cover, 1976.
Source: Shirley, 133. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blondie_%28band%29
Led by singer Deborah Harry.
“Combined Warhol-style glam rock indifference, breathy girl-group vocals, and a tight punk rhythm section.”
Their album, Parallel Lines, was probably the closest punk would get to mainstream acceptability.
Sources: Shirley, 129-131. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_Pistols
McLaren made the “ragged, makeshift wardrobes” for the punk movement in the back of Sex, his Kings Road boutique and wanted to give the movement its own unique sound.
When Steve Jones, Paul Cook, Glen Matlock, and John Lydon started playing in clubs in late 1975, they could barely play their instruments.
Of Lydon (who later went by Johnny Rotten), McLaren would say, “We knew he couldn’t sing…”
Their debut album was Never Mind the Bollocks (1977). Bassist Glen Matlock was replaced by John Simon Ritchie (Sid Vicious).
US tour in 1978 was a disaster. Lydon formed his own group, Public Image, Ltd. Vicious died of a heroin overdose awaiting trial for the murder of his girlfriend.
Source: Shirley, 128.
While Disco was popular in the US, in the UK elements of what would become “punk rock” were being heard in the music of Jonathan Richman, Pere Ubu, Patti Smith, and Richard Hell and the Voidoids.
Punk began to attract attention when Malcolm McLaren brought together the Sex Pistols in 1976.
Beginnings of Punk
Sources: Shirley, 134.
Born Declan McManus he resembled a “punk Buddy Holly.”
Unlike other punk music the instrumentals on Costello’s recordings were clean and crisp and brought forward the angry vocals.
Between 1977-1980 he released a body of songs putting him the forefront of rock composers: “Alison,” “Watching the Detectives,” and “The Angels Want to Wear My Red Shoes.”
Expanded punk’s audience.
Stewart Copeland, Sting, Andy Summers.
Sources: Shirley, 134. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Police
The phenomenal success of The Police would launch the solo career of its lead singer Sting.
During the 1980s he would become one of the most popular singers in the UK and US.
Debut album cover, 1976.
Sources: Shirley, 133. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramones
“…. . . people loved their wild energetic music, black leather jackets, Beatles-style bangs, and self-deprecating humor.”
Songwriting formula was a “sweet, catchy melody sung over a simple three-chord progression played as loud and as fast as humanly possible.”
Hits included: “Sheena Is a Punk Rocker” and “I Wanna Be Sedated.”
The Clash, 1977.
Sources: Shirley, 131-132. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clash
Were one of the “finest rock and roll bands ever to commandeer a stage.” Led by guitarists Joe Strummer and Mick Jones who became the Lennon-McCartney of the punk movement.
Influenced strongly by reggae (Bob Marley) and rockabilly.
Their first three albums, The Clash (1977), Give ‘Em Enough Rope (1978), and London Calling (1979) are some of the “finest to emerge from the punk era.”
The Sex Pistols
"God Save the Queen"
"I Fought the Law"
"I Wanna Be Sedated"
"Heart of Glass"
"Burning Down the House"