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Bioetica Sesion Virtual 1
Transcript of Bioetica Sesion Virtual 1
Ética y Moral
Ciencias de la Salud
Perspectivas/posturas particulares sobre la vida, la dignidad, la persona, la muerte, el inicio de la vida y el final de la vida
Por ejemplo, posturas morales sobre la santidad de la vida o sobre la primacía de la autonomía/autodeterminación sobre la vida propia
Ética profesional (ética personal profesional)
+ Ética médica +
+ Ética médica clínica + Bioética
Habilidades de razonamiento ético
Conocimientos, habilidades, actitudes
Profesional + normativo/legal + sociocultural
¿Todo lo que podemos hacer en la ciencia es lo que debemos hacer?
¿El conocimiento puede ser bueno o malo?
Responsabilidad e incertidumbre
In the figure (adapted from Margolis) I’ve drawn a two-dimensional epistemological space showing the four cognitive states you might be in as you hear and discuss a story about X.
The horizontal dimension is intuition: you intuitively “see that” X is bad (in which case you start on the left edge of the figure).
The vertical dimension is “reasoning-why”: you search for reasons why X is bad (you try to reason your way downward).
There are only two safe, comfortable spots on the table: the lower-left corner, where your intuitions say that X is bad and you have reasons to support your condemnation, and the upper-right corner, where your intuitions say that X is good and you have reasons to support that claim. People in those two corners believe that they have knowledge, or justified true belief.
So how does a typical moral argument proceed?
According to Margolis, people don’t change their minds unless they move along the horizontal dimension. Intuition is what most matters for belief. Yet a moral argument generally consists of round after round of reasoning. Each person tries to pull the other along the vertical dimension.
JONATHAN HAIDT, Reasons Matter (When Intuitions Don't Object). THE NEW YORK TIMES. OPINIONATOR | THE STONE. October 7, 2012. http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/10/07/reasons-matter-when-intuitions-dont-object/?nl=opinion&emc=edit_ty_2012100