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Rise of the Dictators

History Project

Sara Cammenga

on 13 December 2011

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Transcript of Rise of the Dictators

Rise of the Dictators Adolf Hitler Childhood
Born into a lower-middle class family in Austria.
Abusive and demanding father, led to Adolf Hitler's rebellion.
Hitler became obsessed with German Nationalism. German Nationalism: Loyalty/ belonging to German culture. Failed out of technical school and decided to be an artist.
Went to "Academy of Fine Arts Vienna" to try to enter art school, but was rejected
Ended up going broke and living in a homeless shelter. Vienna Opera House by Adolf Hitler Started his autobiography "Mein Kampf." (My Struggle)
In Mein Kampf he recorded his anti-semitism and anti- marxism ideas. Anti-semitism: against Jews
Anti-Marxism: Against communism Hitler Enters Politics- Rise of the Nazi Party Refused to enter the Austrain Military and instead enlisted in the German Army.
He was a dispatch runner.
After the war, he was given the mission to spy on the German Workers Party.
Commonly known as DAP or the Nazi Party.
Anti-Semitism, anti-Marxism, anti-capitalism, and nationalist ideas. Hitler was impressed and got up and gave a speech.
They allowed him to become a member.
Whenever he made speeches, he sent supporters out with swastikas and pamphlets. DAP or NSDAP: Nazi Party People in the NSDAP thought Hitler was too overbearing, so he quit.
They needed him, so he came back only if he could have sole leadership, which he got. Beer Hall Putsch Hitler led the Nazi party to where a conservative politician was speaking.
He demanded that the German government be dissolved at gunpoint.
His plan failed and he went to prison for a year. When Hitler got out, Germany was in a Great Depression.
The president appointed him Chancellor (Like a prime minister)
Hitler slowly put more Nazi member into the government until he had the majority.
He made laws making it illegal for any other parties besides the Nazi Party to be in the German Government. Joseph Stalin Born into a lower class family in Moscow, Russia.
Religious mother, sent him to a theological seminary to become a priest or bishop.
Rebellious and troublesome, so he was kicked out.
Discovered some of Vladimir Lenin's writings and wanted to become a Marxist Revolutionary. Became a part of the Bolshevik party and was a chief operative.
Arranged ransom kidnappings, strikes, extortion, and propaganda to make money.
Owned newspaper "Pravda" used to spread propaganda.
Combined Russian word for "steel" and Lenin to get Stalin. Entry into Politics and Power Exiled to Siberia Seven times for his crimes.
Elected to the Bolshevik Central Committee.
Stalin was chosen to be in Lenin's "Politburo." Politburo: Bureau of policy making. Resigned from the military due to a tactical error.
Made General Secretary by Lenin, who had a stroke and later died of a heart attack.
Stalin continued to increase his spying agencies all around the world.
Stalin gained more power, putting his name in the national anthem.
He re-wrote Russia's history the way he wanted to help himself gain power. Stalin had three rival members of the Politburo expelled and isolated and even had one of them assassinated.
Stalin now had complete control of the government with his rivals out of the way. Benito Mussolini Born to a blacksmith and a schoolteacher in Italy.
His father held anarchist and nationalist views, while his mother was a devout catholic.
His mother sent him to a boading school run by monks.
He was kicked out for stabbing a fellow student in the hand, throwing stones at the congregations, and throwing an inkpot at his teacher. Left school and went to Switzerland to avoid military service.
Soon became influenced by socialist and Marxist ideas. Socialism: Government control of business, administration and production. (government power)
Marxist: Communist Mussolini wrote essays, books, and edited newspapers incorporating his socialist ideals.
He entered in WWI, was injured by shrapnel, and discharged.
Started working as an editor again and formed the idea of Fascism. Entry into Power Fascism: Idea supporting authoritarian government.
(Dictatorship) Became and organized a part of an organized group called the "Blackshirts"
The Blackshirts were veterans that kept order on the streets of Italy.
Came to be known as the National Fascist Party.
Mussolini began to gain more power among the Blackshirts and used violence to scare his rivals.
About 25,000 Blackshirts followed Mussolini on his March on Rome. March on Rome: Mussolini demanded that the government of Italy would be taken over by the National Fascist Party. Mussolini and his Generals - March on Rome Hirohito He was born into the royal family of Japan.
He was considered a demi-god.
He spent his childhood isolated from his family and the rest of the world in a small palace.
He was all powerful and could take no advice from officials beneath his power.
When he was crowned Emperor at age 24, he was referred to as Prince Showa. ("Enlightened Peace") Entry into Power Hirohito never really wanted to be Emperor, but he had no choice.
He preferred to write poetry and study marine biology.
Not long after he became Emperor, Japan started to have conflicts with China.
Japanese government officials were being assassinated and the Japanese Military continued to take the power away from Hirohito, which Hirohito allowed.
The Japanese Military started to take over Chinese mainland. Japanese Generals had Hirohito authorize the invasion of China as well as the use of toxic gas that was outlawed by the League of Nations after WWI.
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