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Halliday's Functions of Language

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Kelsey Knauth

on 20 March 2014

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Transcript of Halliday's Functions of Language

3. Interactional
-language that is used in social interactions and to get along with others.

Halliday's Functions of Language
What is language function?
According to Peregoy & Boyle, it is the communicative intentions or purposes of speakers' utterances.
Oral language proficiency for ELLs must be assessed using many different social contexts for an accurate assessment.
1. Instrumental
-The language used to satisfy needs.
2. Regulatory
-The language used to control behavior, feelings, or attitudes of others.


Vanessa Molina
Kelsey Knauth

Discuss Halliday's functions of oral language.
Identify classroom activities that integrate these functions into daily routines.
We are going to:
What is our objective?
in other words...
the purpose for which speech or writing is being used (Pozzi).
Incorporating and capitalizing on many different language functions expands ELLs vocabulary in many environments.
Michael Halliday's 8 Functions of Language
Instrumental
Regulatory
Interactional
Personal
Heuristic
Imaginative
Informative
Divertive
Typically starts
with "I want"
-It can be used in the classroom by having students clarify instructions from morning routines or ask for supplies.
Why are language functions important?
Typically Indicates
“Do as I say.”
-It can be used in the classroom by having the students role-play routines with partners, teach each other, or by giving rules in games.

Typically indicates a
"me and you" idea.
-It can be used in the classroom by having students play or work in groups on assignments.
4. Personal
-language that is used to talk about oneself and express individuality.


6. Imaginative
-language that is used when making up stories and creating new worlds.


7. Informative
-language that is used when conveying information or giving a description.


8. Divertive
-language that is used when expressing jokes or puns.


Critical Questions
1. How could you, as a teacher, incorporate classroom activities using the divertive function in language?
2. Why is it important for ESL students to understand different functions of language in various social settings?
3. How could you assess the student’s ability to use these functions appropriately?


References
Peregoy, S., & Boyle, O. (2013).
Reading writing and learning in ESL
. (6th ed., pp. 135-137). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc.
Typically has a
“Here I come” idea.
- It can be used in the classroom by having students share personal experiences or by making feelings public.
5. Heuristic
-language that is used to seek information and test knowledge.


Typically indicates a
“Tell me why” idea
-It can be used in the classroom by having students ask teachers or students about how something works or explain the ideas in a story. Can have a question and answer format.
Indicates a
“Let’s pretend” idea
-It can be used in the classroom by having students use pictures to create stories
Indicates an “I’ve got something to tell you” idea
-It can be used in the classroom by having students describe a television show or school event.
Indicates an
“Enjoy this” idea
-It can be used in the classroom by having students tell jokes during an appropriate time.
What have we learned?
It is crucial for teachers to be aware of the different ways to incorporate the functions of oral language in the classroom to prepare ELL students for the world outside of the school setting.
Projects that Incorporate Various Language Functions Simultaneously
-Debates: personal, regulatory, informative, interactional
-Group Project: regulatory, interactional, informative,
-Podcasts: informative, personal
Pozzi, D.C. (2004).
Forms and functions in language: Morphology, syntax
. Retrieved March 10, 2005, from University of Houston, College of Education Web site: http://www.viking.coe.uh.edu/grn11.intr/intr.0.1.2.htm
Paul, P. A. (Producer) (2009).
Project based learning for english language learners promo
[Web]. Retrieved from http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_uP3jSB1-Q
Leipzig International School (2012).
Grade 5 ESL classroom language role play
s [Web]. Retrieved from http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8D4vMTCle0
Daniels, D. (2012). ESL story telling with voice recorder: Paperless classroom for ESL students [Web]. Retrieved from http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=qKR0fCbGs6o

Krashen, Stephen D., and Tracy D. Terrell. (1983).
The natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom.
Oxford: Pergamon Press.
How can we teach functions of language?
"Basic communication goals can be expressed in terms of situations, functions, and topics" (Krashen & Terrell).
Teachers must plan situations that allow the students to use the different functions of language.
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