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The Reality of Sweatshops

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Valerie L

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of The Reality of Sweatshops

Unethically Made
The Reality of Sweatshops
created by Aindrea & Valerie
Background on Sweatshops. (n.d.). Do Something. Retrieved May 25, 2014, from https://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/background-sweatshops
End Modern Slavery. (2013, November 24). End Modern Slavery. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://www.endmoderndayslavery.ca/facts-about-sweatshops/
Powell, B. (2013, May 2). Sweatshops In Bangladesh Improve The Lives Of Their Workers, And Boost Growth. Forbes. Retrieved May 20, 2014, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2013/05/02/sweatshops-in-bangladesh-improve-the-lives-of-their-workers-and-boost-growth/
Powell, B. W., & Skarbek, D. B. (2004, September 24). Sweatshops and Third World Living Standards: Are the Jobs Worth the Sweat?: Publications: The Independent Institute. The Independent Institute . Retrieved May 19, 2014, from http://www.independent.org/publications/working_papers/article.asp?id=1369
Roberts, D., Engardio, P., Bernstein, A., Holmes, S., & Ji, X. (2006, November 26). Secrets, Lies, And Sweatshops. Bloomberg Business Week. Retrieved May 23, 2014, from http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2006-11-26/secrets-lies-and-sweatshops
Sweatshops and Child Labor. (n.d.). Vegan Peace. Retrieved May 28, 2014, from http://www.veganpeace.com/sweatshops/sweatshops_and_child_labor.htm
Yardley, J. (2013, May 22). Report on Deadly Factory Collapse in Bangladesh Finds Widespread Blame. The New York Times. Retrieved June 8, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/world/asia/report-on-bangladesh-building-collapse-finds-widespread-blame.html
Zou, L. (2012, October 2). World Socialist Web Site. China's sweatshops exploit students -. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2012/10/stud-o02.html
What are "Sweatshops"
EPZs: export processing zones
By definitions: factories that break 2 or more labour laws
workplaces where workers are exploited
workers are forced to work long hours, given little pay, tiny working conditions, and abuse
Mostly found in parts of Asia, Africa, Central America & South America (3rd world counties)
Why do they exist?
Because of free trade economies, companies can keep costs low & make more profit
turn to countries with the lowest wages & human rights protections
factory owners bid over contracts with these corporations
companies can get away with violating labor laws
ex. wages and benefits, hours, child labour
Of 250 million children that work in sweatshops, the majority of them are found in Asia
Here's a scenario...
You are a company with factories in Canada, the USA, and Germany
Canadian workers: 800, each receive
American workers: 1450, each receive
German workers: 760, each receive
800x$11.40 $ 9120
1450x$10.65 $15442.50
760x$12.45 $ 9462

$34024.50 x
(40 hrs/week)

Total labour =
$1,360,980/ week
force expense
Now you're the same company with the same number of employees, except they're all
sweatshop workers
. Each works
70 hours a week
1450+800+760=3010 workers

3010 x
= $63,210

$1,360,980-$63210 = $1,297,770 saved each week

95.4% saved
Sweatshops and Child Labour
A real life scenario...
Pros & Cons
prior inspections, factories prepare before hand
factories pay people to help them pass audits
create fake records
hide workers who are willing to complain
give scripts to workers
know what to say when asked a question by inspector
2012 Sweatshop Controversy in China
in 2012, numerous colleges & universities in the city of Huai’an City forced undergrads to work for factories
those who didn't could not get their degree
Students were put into factories (such as Apple) and had to work there for long hours with breaks under 10 minutes
Were paid 1320 yuan ($210) per month, which was then reduced to 110 yuan ($18.00)
Living conditions were terrible; each dorm held at least ten workers
workers were exposed to various chemicals that could potentially affect their health
Nets had to be put up around the building to prevent workers from committing suicide
in 2010, 14 workers took their own lives by jumping
250 million children
work in sweatshops
children end up working because their parents can't provide for the family alone
no time for school
hired because they work for less money and are less likely to complain about poor conditions
child working on paper stacks to be exported
Industries associated with sweatshops are:
shoes rugs
toys chocolate
bananas coffee
Women & Their Role in Factories
Women ages
make up over
of sweatshop workers
236 million garment industry workers x 75% = 177,000,000
female workers
In Mexico & Central America, all female workers are required to take shots that prevent pregnancies to avoid paying them for maternity leave
Refusing to take birth control or getting pregnant will get them fired
Women are more prone to verbal, sexual, and physical abuse by their bosses than men
Human trafficking is more common among female workers and these people are put through slavery-like-conditions
It cost $5 to make 1 pair of Nike shoes, which then get sold for between $100-$180

avg price=($100+180)/2= $140

$140-$5= $135 profit
It is common for sweatshop workers to make just over
five times less
minimum wage
here in Canada
Ethically made? Or unethically made?
Unethically Made
Unethically Made
Unethically Made
Ethically Made
Unethically made
Unethically Made
Canadian concern
sew clothes for large retailers and designer labels in their own homes.
They work
70 hours
a week and get paid
less than minimum wage
They can't have employment insurance, vacation pay, or access the Canadian Pension Plan.
8000 immigrant women
in Toronto are homeworkers.
When paid by the hour...
make $5.50/hr
work 70 hours a week
$5.50x70hrs= $385/week
When paid per piece...
make $0.12/piece
make 42 pieces/hr
works 70 hours
42x$0.12x70= $352.80/week
To match with hourly pay...
worker has to make 268 more pieces each week
4 more pieces each hour
How do they get away with it?
Since sweatshops aren't actually owned by corporations, companies say they don't know about the violations of their factories
they have power over suppliers' working regulation
expect cheap merchandise= cuts in workers wages
More jobs are available for people who really need the money
In some countries, sweatshops have larger salaries than the other jobs available
Jobs are safer than most (farming, construction, prostitution, etc.)
Having sweatshops boosts the country's economy
Abuse workers & give little pay
Violate labor laws
Human trafficking
Hire children to work
On average, work 60-80 hours a week
The money they make can only provide workers with basic needs and nothing more
Solutions to Sweatshops
Prohibiting sweatshops would put millions out of work and out on the streets
Best solution would be to improve working conditions and have better salaries & benefits
Additionally, having more inspections of factories would insure that companies aren't violating any rules
Studies have shown that doubling the pay of workers would only raise product prices by 1.8%
This way, workers can keep their jobs and have decent pay as well as better work conditions
American Apparel Font. (n.d.). Font Meme. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://fontmeme.com/american-apparel-font/
Chen, A. (2013, November 7). Annabelle Chen's Blog. Walmart Helps More People Save Money. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://blogs.ubc.ca/annabellechen/2013/11/17/walmart-helps-more-people-save-money/
Confidentiality or Non-Disclosure Agreement for Transcription Services - Academic Transcription Services. (2019, March 13). Academic Transcription Services. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.academic-transcription-services.com/confidentiality-or-non-disclosure-agreement-for-transcription-services/
File:Gap logo.svg. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gap_logo.svg
Forever 21 Logo. (n.d.). StyleLab. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.style-laboratory.net/2011/03/forever-21-recruitment-day/forever-21-logo/
Human Sweatshops will END in Equal Money Capitalism - Day 275. (n.d.). MayaProcess. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://mayaprocess.blogspot.com/2013/01/human-sweatshops-will-end-in-equal.html
Hurley, L. (2014, January 28). Puma’s Arsenal away kit [photo]. Daily Cannon. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://ladyarse.co.uk/2014/01/pumas-arsenal-away-kit-photo/
Jones, T. (2012, March 6). What Apple Can Learn From How Nike Dealt With It's Chinese Labor Scandal. Business Insider. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.businessinsider.com/what-apple-can-learn-from-how-nike-dealt-with-its-chinese-labor-scandal-2012-3
O'Connell, M. (2011, September 9). Michael J. Fox unveils Nike's Marty McFly shoes, first pair sells for $37,500 - Zap2it | News & Features. Zap2It. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.zap2it.com/blogs/michael_j_fox_unveils_nikes_marty_mcfly_shoes_first_pair_sells_for_37500-2011-09
Ralph-lauren-logo. (n.d.). TaxProf. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://taxprof.typepad.com/.a/6a00d8341c4eab53ef0134848395e7970c-popup
Robson, S. (2012, December 10). The REAL Toy Story: Chinese factory workers forced to sleep among piles of doll parts as they churn out Christmas presents. Mail Online. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2245066/Real-Toy-Story-The-Chinese-factory-workers-forced-sleep-factory-floors.html
Solution. (n.d.). Stop Sweatshop Labor. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://stopsweatshop.weebly.com/solution.html
Sterling, S. (2012, October 10). How Apple’s Foxconn problem is like Nike’s sweatshop problem, and why the outcome is the same. Digital Trends. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.digitaltrends.com/apple/how-apples-foxconn-problem-is-like-nikes-sweatshop-problem-and-why-the-outcome-is-the-same/#!V5hNP
The Jordan Melo M10 Year of the Horse Men's Shoe.. (n.d.). Nike. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://store.nike.com/us/en_us/pd/jordan-melo-m10-year-of-the-horse-shoe/pid-1501782
The interior of a clothing factory. (n.d.). Christ Church City Libraries. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://christchurchcitylibraries.com/heritage/photos/disc9/IMG0012.asp
People who work in sweatshops are mistreated & exploited
Many companies manipulate laws to make as much profit as possible by placing factories in countries with a free-trade economy
Sweatshops play a crucial part in a country's economy
Getting rid of these sweatshops cannot solve the issue; it will only create more problems
Although we cannot prohibit these sweatshops, we can improve conditions such as
More pay & employee benefits
Checking up on them to see if they are functioning properly
Improving factory conditions
2013 Savar Building Collapse
On April 24, 2013, over 1000 people were killed from a collapsed building in Bangladesh
Is said to be the deadliest disaster in the garment industry
Five clothing factories were in the building
Why did this happen?
Because of cracks that were present in the walls
These cracks were discovered before the collapse, but the factory owners forced workers to stay and keep working
Most of the money made goes toward
. For
, that would be
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