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The U.S. Emerges on the World Stage
Transcript of The U.S. Emerges on the World Stage
Setting the Stage
Open Door Policy
Before: European countries had "spheres of influence" in certain parts of China
After: equal trading rights to all foreign nations in China
Often referred to as the "Big Stick Policy"
Involvement in Asia
to give bank loans to foreign countries to keep European powers out of the Caribbean.
Why did we need a canal?
Challenges to Building the Canal
Need for Raw Materials and Markets
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Attitudes Towards other Peoples
Home to many American settlers
Overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani
Annexed in 1898
Result:better military presence in the Pacific
Spanish American War
Occupied Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Guam
ended Spain's colonial empire
US now seen as a world power
Territories=more resources and trade routes
World War I
Causes of WWI
Reasons for US Involvement
During the War
John J Pershing and the AEF
Impact of New Technology
Battle of Argonne Forest
airplanes and tanks
Issues Raised by Involvement in the WWI
How might this era be assessed?
Unrestricted submarine warfare
Ties with Great
World War I cost the United States 113,000 lives and 33 billion dollars.
Wilson's 14 Points
Treaty of Versailles
Create new nation states
Break up Austria-Hungary
Freedom of the Seas
No secret treaties
League of Nations
Germany loses territory
Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Turkey broken up
League of Nations
"The United States is the world's best hope, but if you tie her to the interests and quarrels of other nations, if you tangle her in the [troubles] of Europe, you will destroy her power for good and endanger her very existence."
-Henry Cabot Lodge
What is the balance between civil liberties and national security?
Schenck v. U.S.
"clear and present danger"