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A Day In The Life

An examination of women's day to day lives and how they have changed throughout American history.

Moriah McKenna

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of A Day In The Life

Revolutionary Women
1700's An undergarment reinforced with strips of whalebone, metal, or wood which helped to keep proper posture. Stay Hooped Petticoat These hoops give width and body to the dress. The innermost garment worn, it was usually made of linen with drawstrings at the neck and sleeves. Stockings and Shoes Shoes could be made from silk, leather, or worsted and could be attatched in the front with a buckle. The silk petticoat was worn underneath the gown and was revealed by the opening in the skirt. The stomacher Was a seperate, decorative peice that was either stitched or pinned to the gown or stay underneath. What Should I Wear? Shift Worn around the neck for style and protection from the sun. Lace Neckerchief The stockings were made usually from wool, linen, cotton, or silk and were tied above the knee with ribbon. The lace cap was worn underneath the hat. The hat was worn for style and for protection from the sun. It usually had a flat brim and a wide crown. The Dress Lace Apron Could be worn over the dress for style and cleanliness. What's Going On? A strong advocate for women's rights and for the education and equality of women, she wrote "On the Equality of the Sexes" in 1779 which described the unfairness of the difference in which women and men of all ages were treated. Judith Sargent Murray Asked her husband, John Adams to "remember the ladies" when he was urging the Continental Congress to declare American Independence . She was also politically active throughout John's presidency, and advocated for women's rights. Abigail Adams Phillis Wheatly Was not only the first black woman to have her writing published, but was the very first African-American. What Can't They do? What Can They Do? Woman in the Civil War
1800's What To Wear? Rough! Hoops could reach a diameter of eight feet! Dainty? Dress included tight corsets in hopes of achieving a twenty inch waist. The bussel and high neckline were notable features. In the late 1800's, women in the west began to wear trousers underneath their skirts. Although this was looked down upon, it facilitated movement which was important for female ranchers and mine workers. What's Going On? Have some education: reading and writing (not as good as males), dancing
Do all housework and maintain cleanliness (especially in the south)
Support husband!
Have children!!!
Give birth in a female environment with a midwife Vote
Have any leagal voice having to do with the family or any other issue
Own property or hold money
Sue people
Have custody of her children
Have any say in what goes on inside the house
Get divorced without her husband dying
Have pre-marital relations The gown consisted of the bodice and skirt joined together with the skirt open in the front to reveal the silk petticoat underneath. These lace gloves kept women's hands soft and clean! The small hats and gloves were a necessity of the times. She might be carrying a gun too! "The things you ought
to desire in a wife are:
1) chastity
2) sobriety
3) industry
4) frugality
5) cleanliness
6) knowledge of domestic affairs
7) good temper
8) beauty."
- William Colbert,
Advise to Young Men, on the Duties of Life, 1840 "The Cult of Domesticity" Elizabeth
Van Lew Served as an important spy for the Union army during the Civil War. She sent coded messages to officers regarding confederate plans often using invisible ink and hiding the dispatches in hollowed-out eggs or vegetables. Harriet
Tubman Not only ushered slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad in the 1850's but also helped the Union During the Civil War. She recruted groups of black men who slipped behind Confederate lines, posing as servants or slaves to gather military intelligence and she organized missions in which Union troops destroyed plantations. Annie Oakley Born Phoebe Ann Moses, she became a famous American sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. What Can't They Do? What Can They Do? Go to a public school and then a Seminary (you must be able to educate your sons!)
Remain in the "Domstic Sphere" (a woman's place was in the house)
Be a teacher, nurse in the war (nursing and teaching were the only two respectable careers), lecturer, writer, millworker, domestic servent, actress or a prostitute
Have a male doctor prod at you as you give birth, he may deliver your baby without even looking (talent!) Get divorced without your husband dying
Work if you were married
Have say over your husband
Own property, hold money or have custody over your children
Be allowed a part in any legal discussions or decisions
Have much control as you were giving birth
Have much of a life outside your house
Have premarital relations Alice Paul Began working for the women's suffrage movement after she graduated from the University of Pennsylvania. She finally saw it become a reality in 1920 with the 19th Amendment - only after she'd spent years picketing in front of the white house and being tortured in prison... Progressive Era 1890-1920 The Gibson Girl Coined by Charles Gibson, the Gibson girl was known for her hair piled high on her head, long neck, and tiny waist as well as prominent bust and rear. Hull House Jane
Addams Practically created the term "social worker" with her persistant fight for the working man's right's. She especially helped poor immigrant women and children by creating a safe and educational environment for them with Hull House and the settlement house movement. The Flapper
1920's Low waist Very short hair Shorter dress
length Headbands or spanish-style hair combs Hats had very deep brims with small rims. Some barely even had a rim and were more helmet-like. These were called clotches. Flat chests (girls sometimes used binding methods to achieve this affect) Makeup was becoming
very popular An actress, she had the desired appearence for girls of the 1920's. She, along with Helen Kane, was the inspiration for Betty Boop. Clara
Bow Bussel Betty Boop,
the emblem
of the 1920's Coco
Chanel Girls of the "Wild West" A French fashion designer of the 1920's who's simplistic style and menswear-inspired clothing revolutionized female dress. The Great Depression
1930's Women had to find work that they could bring home with them in order to be able to take care of the kids while providing an extra income. This type of work was called "outwork" and could include taking other people's laundry home for a fee. Elanor
Roosevelt Showed great support for her husband, Franklin Delano Roosevelt throughout his presidency despite their emotional hardships. She rose up to become a politically educated women who advocated for women's rights at a time when the feminist movement was being swallowed up by the Great Depression. "Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without" World War II
1940's Women were now expected to step up and work in the jobs that men had always dominated. This period of time helped to show America just how much it's women could do. Although they were taking on manly jobs they were expected to remain feminine. Notice the makeup and "girly touches." These types of posters reminded women that they were always working to help their men in the war! Women did everything from building machinery to raising money for the war effort to "entering the military"- they would never participate in actual combat of course. Some even were trained as pilots for various purposes such as flying the the planes from the places where they were manufactured to the bases where they were needed. Women were always waiting for their men to return! The Good Housewives
of the 1950's The All-American women's baseball league came about in 1943 when organizations realized they would suffer great monetary loss while the boys were away at war. Although the girl players were forced to wear skirts and maintain their feminine image, they were able to participate in something that was never availible to them before. Unfortunately the league only lasted until 1954 as fans dwindled once the male players returned. The home was once again, the offical place of the female. Every woman married at around age 19, had children, and put food in front of her man right when he got home from work each day. All the while, the house remained spotless and the family perfectly happy in every way. Women were the main consumers of this era. They were the ones who found the most use out of household appliances such as the refrigerator and the toaster. They also appreciated having a car which provided a chance to show off their wonderful family. Questions of
The 1960's What You Did Be absolutly pure until you were married
Get married (sometime within your 20's)
Have children
Have a perfect/clean house
Keep your husband happy and taken care of
Be happy with your life
Vote What You Didn't Do Have intimate relations before you were married
Go to college looking for a long term career
Deny your husband anything he wanted
Have pre-marital relations
Complain Betty
Freidan A woman's activist who wrote the book called "The Feminine Mystique" in 1963. With this book she was able to relate to women all over America when she described "the problem that has no name." This feeling was that of despair and frustration among wives who were never able to truly live their life or do anything they dreamed of doing because they had to take care of their families. This sparked a nation wide change in the attitudes of women. 1921 was the first year of the Miss America Pageant A British actress, she was very famous in the 50's and 60's. Audrey
Hepburn In 1953, Margaret Sanger and Katherine McCormick confronted Gregory Pincus, an American physician, biologist and researcher with the idea of an oral contraceptive. In 1960, the pill was approved by the FDA and by 1963, 1.2 million women were using it. This finally gave women a chance to have the same sexual control and freedom men always had. Outfits for women in the 50's emphasized fragile femininity with vibrant colors, soft shoulders, stiletto heels, wrist-length gloves and full, billowing skirts. What's Going On? The Beatles Twiggy A Time For Change
1970's Gloria
Steinem A writer and women's rights advocate who supported abortion and same-sex marriages while criticising pornography and it's dimeaning affects on women. She is perhaps most famous for her report of the poor treatment of playboy bunnies after going undercover as a playboy bunny herself. Title IX Passed in 1972 it says that "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance..." Roe v. Wade In 1973 the United States Suprime Court ruled that a right to privacy under the due process clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution extends to a woman's decision to have an abortion. Still, that right must be balanced against the state's two legitimate interests for regulating abortions: protecting prenatal life and protecting the woman's health. This decision allowing a woman to have an abortion is still being debated today. Pro-Choice Pro-Life Gloria! The ERA, first proposed in 1923, affirms that women and men have equal rights under the law. The ERA was passed out of Congress in 1972 and has been ratified by 35 of the necessary 38 states but it never went any farther than that and it is still not a part of the United States Constitution today. In their despair, many people thought that this was the end of the women's movement. The Equal Rights
Amendment The National Women's Organization was founded in 1966 and is now the largest feminist orgnization in the United States with around 500,000 members. The founders included Betty Friedan, the author of The Feminine Mystique (1963), Rev. Pauli Murray, the first African-American female Episcopal priest, and Shirley Chisholm, the first black woman to run for President of the United States of America. What's Groovy? Woodstock 1969 The roots of Disco came from clubs that catered to African American, gay, psychedelic, and other communities in New York City and Philadelphia during the late 1960s and early 1970s. In the early years dancers in discotheques danced in a "hang loose" style and popular dances included the "Bump", "Penguin", "Boogaloo, "Watergate" and the "Robot" but by October 1975, The Hustle reigned. Dress of the 70's included long, flowing, extravagent outfits with wide-legged or flared pants and platform shoes. Men wore shirts with pointed tipped collars that could cut low to reveal the chest and women could wear wrap dresses. Accessories included long necklaces and head bands. Disco and Hippie Jimi
Hendrix Popular American guitarist and singer-songwriter throughout
the late 60's Janis Joplin Jim
Morrison Lead singer for
The Doors The 1980's Farrah
Fawcett Women Making History Sandra Day
O'Connor Was the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States, appointed in 1981. Geralddine A. Ferraro 1984 - America's first women Vice Presidential candidate representing a major American political party (democratic). Cyndi
Lauper One of the most important and influential symbols of the 80's, she was a singer, songwriter, and actress who is possibly best known for her song, "Girls Just wanna Have Fun." Madonna Was an American singer, songwriter, and actress who portrayed more of a powerful and dynamic type than the girly and carefree Cyndi Lauper. She was a pop icon who revolutionized the industry with her music and dance. In the 80's, America began to return to it's traditional views on life regarding women - but from a new standpoint and with new knowledge and experience. The radical 60's and 70's were quieting down but they had left their mark. It became fulfilling to have a family again although now, more women were working and doing what they wanted to do also. The new pieces of legislature had somewhat began to reshape the woman's lifestyle but there were still and still are issues. Issues "The Great American Man Shortage"
Defeat of the ERA
Rise of the anti-abortion movement
Traditional views on women
Women in the work force Music The 90's Entertainment/ Fashion Beverly Hills 90210 The 1990's began the anti-fashion, “anything goes” clothing approach which continues throughout the 2000's and 2010s'. Most of the fashion trends of the 90's were based around the casual style which was identified with stonewashed jeans, lumberjack shirts, T-Shirts, and floral skirts or dresses worn wih Converse boots or Doc Martens. Body adornments such as body piercing and tattoos were also popular in this movement. Grunge, hip-hop and popular culture icons had a major influence on trends in this decade. The Spice Girls NSYNC Clueless Girl music Groups (and boy groups) were very popular at this time. Destiny's Child Friends What Can Women Do? Vote
Own property
Hold money
Sue someone
Have a legal voice
Choose to live alone or to not have kids (without being looked down upon)
Choose how they want to give birth
Choose not to get married
Play sports
Go to school
Go to graduate school
Have a job
Hold legal office
Have say over or hold a higher position than a man
Have control over their fertility
Have an abortion Issues Rape
Anti-abortion movement
Sexual discrimination
Sexual harrassment in the workplace/anywhere
Lack of access to/ knowledge of effective birth control
Steriotypical views and preconceptions
Lack of prenatal care/ health care
Inability to participate in military combat
Uneaqual payment
Lack of governmental recognition of equality with men (ERA) Today Woman's Suffrage Woodrow Wilson was the president at the time when the women's suffrage movement was passed. Society as a whole benefits immeasurably from a climate in which all persons, regardless of race or gender, may have the opportunity to earn respect, responsibility, advancement and remuneration based on ability.
-Sandra Day O'Connor It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor yet we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed the Union.... Men, their rights and nothing more; women, their rights and nothing less.
~Susan B. Anthony To tell a woman everything she may not do is to tell her what she can do.
~Spanish Proverb We've begun to raise daughters more like sons... but few have the courage to raise our sons more like our daughters.
~Gloria Steinem “Prejudice is the child of ignorance.”
-William Hazlitt “Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves.”
- Abraham Lincoln “I'm just a person trapped inside a woman's body,” by Elaine Boosler American Singer-Songwriter 19th century corset A famous American actress and model known for her role in "Charlie's Angels." A Day In The Life
by Moriah McKenna
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