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Education in New France

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by

Maddy Ratz

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of Education in New France

Education in New France
Introduction
Subjects
Differences of Girls and Boys schooling
Girls Before
Formal instruction for females was limited and wasn't more than religion and needle work.
Religion
Religion was one of the main subjects that was taught in New France. A lot of the time families provided instruction on religion as well as occasionally reading and writing. The Jesuits, Recollets, Urslines and the Congregations of Notre Dame provided elementary instruction in catechism, reading, writing and arithmetic. Since the missionaries were never able to bridge the gap between the aboriginals and the colonies religiously, the religious congregations ended up devoting themselves to the education of the colonies.
What were the differences in education and the educational system in New France compared to Canada today?
Who? The catholic churches and family mostly taught the children.
When? Between 1713 and 1800.
Where? Catholic Churches taught town children in Ontario and Quebec.
What? Instead of large schools family taught children in rural New France.
Why? To learn and to be trained for the future.
Now
Math
History
Science
French
Geography
Literacy
Art
Health
Music
Gym
Boys Before
More advanced instruction was available for young men who might become priests or enter the professions. Young males were trained for trading through an apprenticeship system.
Girls Now
Girls have the same opportunities as boys do in schooling and professions
Boys Now
Boys aren't trained for trading. Advanced instruction is given for all subjects and professions. They receive the same education as girls.
Reasons for Schooling
Before
Education was an important part of converting aboriginals into christians. They believed that conversion was best secured when preceded and underscored by religious
instruction. That is why
provision for education declined during the eighteenth
century.
Now
Education is important for finding a good job and reflects on what you will do the rest of your life. Education is very important to prepare you for life. Also, education can help you in the future with your career, everyday necessities and much more. Education is not as religious now as it was during the time of New France.
Facts on Education in New France
The majority of the population if New France could not read or write
Formal schooling was not the only important source of teaching and learning in Canada before 1706
Children learned skills such as gardening, spinning and land clearing from other family members
Many children did not go to school because there were only schools in the big towns.
Now religion is not a part of the schooling system in Canada. Families can provided religious instruction if wanted. Catholic schools teach religion but it's not as important a subject as it was in New France.
References
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/m/article/history-of-education/
http://www.educationau-incanada.ca/
http://teacherweb.com/ON/LakeheadUniversity/NewFranceWQ/wqr6.aspx?print=true
http://www.canadiana.ca/
http://www.mqup.ca/education-in-new-France-products-9780773509078.php
http://historicphilippines.com/historic-church-vii/3-or-4-saints-from-new-france-old-canada-in-the-1600-and-1700s/
http://www.historymuseum.ca/virtual-museum-of-new-france/daily-life/communications/
http://www.glogster.com/thepowner3/new-france-history/g-6mgdcka003qn8n1av75lma0
http://www.archivesvirtuelles-cnd.org/en/node/2927
http://www.davis.k12.ut.us/Page/66488
Before
Religion
Math
History
Natural Science
French
By: Maddy Ratz and Roza Tasneem
Full transcript