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Transcript of The Renaissance
Marriages were often designed to increase the wealth and status of families
Most women married between ages 16 and 18, while most men married in their 30s and early 40s
The man made all the legal and financial decisions and expected the women to bear children and manage the home
Aristocratic women conceived more than working class women
Although women had important roles in their families, most women did not have political rights and were considered lower in status than men
in which a king rules, was the type of government used during this time period
Machiavelli wrote the first modern manual for leadership, "The Prince"
Machiavelli disagreed with the traditional medieval view that mortality and ethnic concerns should provide foundation of a prince's political actions
believed that what was best for the state might not be best for the common good of all the people and it was the ruler's duty to provide safety and security for his state
What Was The Renaissance?
, "rebirth," was the period of change following the the crises of the late medieval world.
It began in Italy in about 1350 and spread throughout most of southern and northern Europe.
The renewal of interest in the classical civilizations of the Greeks and Romans, the development of a new appreciation of the abilities of the individual, and the creation of new styles of art all occurred and reached their peak during the Renaissance.
The end of this Renaissance is known as
, the Italian Renaissance of the 16th century.
Renaissance Economic & Social Structures
During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the moneyed Italian cities expanded into the surrounding countryside to become powerful
that dominated the economic and political life around them
Cities grew and prospered during the Renaissance and rulers learned to tax the people
Italian dominance in commerce was hurt during the fourteenth century by competition with the powerful merchants of the
, a commercial and military alliance of more than 100 North German cities and guilds that dominated Baltic Sea trade
First Estate- the clergy; Second Estate-the nobility; Third Estate- others
During the Renaissance, most Europeans still lived by the law of the
, in which the eldest son inherited the property
One of the most important reasons for the success of Louis XI in his developing a more powerful monarchy in France was his ability to secure a permanent source of funding with the retention of the
Although slavery had largely disappeared in late medieval Europe, disasters such as the Black Death led to the reintroduction of slavery in Italy on a fairly large scale by the late fourteenth century
The modern day nation states of France, Spain, and England were formed by political leaders who imposed their will on the surrounding areas of their national monarchies. Italy however, was a collection of city-states, each ruled a powerful family.
Italy had a cultural and economic advantage over the rest of Europe and traded extensively resulting in it's city-states becoming the trade and cultural centers of Renaissance Europe.
A renewal of interest in the study of art, science, philosophy, and the classical world was the result of the rediscovery of classical science and scholarship. The rediscovery also resulted in launched intellectual pursuits that began in Italy and spread over Europe from about 1350 to 1550. The spread of this new learning was accelerated by the invention of the printing press and by late medieval and Renaissance writings that were
was an intellectual movement that was based on the study of the classical works of the Greeks and Romans
, a principle that made people focus more on this world, and
, a principle that stated that humans are capable of great accomplishments
The main goal of humanist education to produce complete citizens who could participate in the civic life of their community
With the invention of the printing press a greater desire for knowledge emerged and many texts such the bible were written in different
, the language or dialect of a specific population
The Renaissance Church
produced in the vernacular.
The School of Athens, Raphael
Artists discovered how to paint in three dimensions, bringing new life and realism to their subjects
One of the important Renaissance changes that impacted artists was that artists began to be treated as artistic geniuses rather than artisans
Advances in the study and application of mathematical and scientific principles were applied to Renaissance art
Quattrocento: period of increasing prosperity & steady progression in the arts toward harmonious balance achieved in the High Renaissance.
By: Stacey Flores, Nayeli Hernandez,
& Bethania Perez
The Great Schism
was the division in church leadership from 1378 to 1417 when there were two popes.
During this time, many humanist scholars began to question the Catholic Church because of corruption
Martin Luther was the first heretic to publish his theories and concerns world wide with "The Ninety-five Theses"
Jan Hus began to question the Bible and called for its translation to the local language and declared indulgences useless.
In the 1430s the emperor agreed to recognize the Hussite church in Bohemia, which later merged with other Protestant churches
John Wyclif wanted Christians to read the Bible for themselves so he produced the first complete translation of the Bible
also rejected all claims not directly found in the Bible