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Pronouns and Antecedents
Transcript of Pronouns and Antecedents
They make sentences shorter and easier to say. What is a Pronoun? Demonstrative Pronouns We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions. The interrogative pronoun represents the thing that we don't know (what we are asking the question about). Interrogative Pronouns An indefinite pronoun refers to something that is not definite or specific or exact.
Unknown or undetermined person, place or thing. Indefinite Pronouns By: Janet Zhou, Stephanie Ruelas, and Jasmine Young Pronouns and Antecedents! A demonstrative pronoun is a word that takes the place of particular objects or people.
They also indicate whether they are replacing singular or plural words and give the location of the object:
This: singular and near the speaker
That: singular and at a distance from the speaker
These: plural and near the speaker
Those: plural and at a distance from the speaker Examples: Who, Whom, Which, What, Whose Sentences:
-Does anybody have the time?
-Everyone clapped when the movie ended. Absolute Possessive Pronouns are pronouns that show possession but can stand by itself unlike possessive pronouns who need a noun
think possessive as dependent and absolute possessive as independent Examples: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs Sentences:
The tickets are as good as ours.
Shall we take yours or theirs? Reciprocal Pronouns are used for actions or feelings that are reciprocated
A is talking to B and B is talking to A
1. each other- refers to two people
2. one another- refers to two or more people, things Sentences: They like one another.
They talk to each other everyday. -you can add the suffix "ever" Sentences: To whom did you give the note?
“Whom” is the object of the preposition “to.”
Whom do you suggest we nominate for class president?
Here, “whom” is the object of the verb “nominate.” Possessive Pronouns Relative Pronouns Relative pronouns are used to link a relative clause to another part of a sentence and has the job of introducing the relative clause.
We use the term “relative” pronoun because it “relates” to the word it is modifying. Examples: which, that, who, whom, whose, where The person who draws the winning number hits the jackpot.
Here the relative pronoun who is the subject of the verb draws and also introduces the clause draws the winning number. In this case the clause acts as an adjective modifying the word person. Reflexive Pronouns Singular: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself
Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves A pronoun that can take the place of a noun phrase to show ownership Have you seen her book?
(In this example, the pronoun "her" replaces a word like "Sarah's".) Examples: my, your, his, her, its, our and their This is Bob This is his car.
The car is his. A reflexive pronoun ends ...self or ...selves and refers to another noun or pronoun in the sentence. Sentence:
John bakes all the bread himself.
(In this example, the reflexive pronoun "himself" refers back to the noun "John".) Sentence: Antecedents Mini Quiz! An antecedent is the word(s) to which a pronoun refers. Janet called to say she will arrive at 7 o'clock.
The man who lives next door lost his driving license.
A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in three ways:
Person refers to the quality of being.
Number is the quality that distinguishes between singular (one entity) and plural (numerous entities).
Gender is the quality that distinguishes the entities as masculine or feminine. Pronoun Antecedent Agreement 1. Identify the relative pronoun.
The man who interviewed me seemed friendly enough.
2. John sent himself a copy. _________ Pronoun
3.This phone is his. __________ Pronoun Mini Quiz 1. Make a sentence using a demonstrative pronoun.
2.Which of these would you like to wear to the awards dinner?
a. relative pronoun
b. indefinite pronoun
c. demonstrative pronoun
d. interrogative pronoun Mini Quiz! 1. Which pronouns are absolute possessive? (there can be more then one answer)
mine hers his ours its
2. Which pronoun(s) are reciprocal?
one another her his we I
3. Circle the pronouns that agree with the antecedent.
a- The mother water (his/her) plants yesterday.
b- Each student has to finish (his or her/ their) homework by Monday.
c- The dance team won (its/their) first performance in November.
d- The dance members decided to have (our/their) first party on December 25, 2012. Any questions, comments or concerns?