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Barriers To Achieving Equality: Women's rights through time
Transcript of Barriers To Achieving Equality: Women's rights through time
4.) Emily Murphy
7.) WWII (during)
10.) Second Wave
13.) National Action Committee
September 20th, 117
this vote gave wives, widow's, mother's and sister's of soldiers serving overseas
first women ever to be able to vote in the Canadian federal election
women in favor of conscription
Kennedy B. & Taylor N.
3.) Nellie McClung
Canadian feminist, politician and social activist in 1914
thanks to her efforts, in 1916 Manitoba became the first province to give women the right to vote and to run for public office
part of the famous 5
> to clarify the term "Persons" in Section 24 of the British North America Act 1867
spoke out for women's suffrage
wrote novel (sowing seeds in Danny)
> first novel to her success
fought for "equal pay for equal work"
1.) Military Voters Act
2.) Wartime elections act
women's suffrage movement benefited through military voters act.
rewarded women who were serving/served in the armed forces as well as nurses in the war the right to vote in federal elections
5.) Famous 5
Created in 1927
5 canadian women fighting for women's rights
> The five women were:
a.) Emily Murphy (the British Empire's first female judge)
b.) Irene Marryat Parlby (farm women's leader, activist and first female Cabinet minister in Alberta)
c.) Nellie Mooney McClung (a suffragist and member of the Alberta legislature)
d.) Louise Crummy McKinney (the first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, or any legislature in Canada or the rest of the British Empire)
e.) Henrietta Muir Edwards (an advocate for working women and a founding member of the Victorian Order of Nurses).
went to the supreme court and created the famous persons case
6.) Persons Case
famous 5 went to supreme court and asked to define the word "persons"
wanted to understand if "persons" who equally for appointment to the senate, included women
at that time no women had been appointed to the senate
the supreme court of Canada decided that "persons" does not include women
persons onlu meant/included men
women were not legal persons and could not be appointed to office
Supreme court were preventing women's equality
the famous 5 went to the Judicial committee of the privy council in Britain
British court overruled Canada and said that women were indeed legal "persons"who qualified for appointment to the senate
Canadian women rights activist
part of the famous 5
the first female judge to be appointed in Canada
was a writer as well as a politician
fight for the Dower Act, along with her work through the Local Council of Women and her increasing awareness of women’s rights, influenced her request for a female magistrate in the women’s court.
> part of persons case
8.) WWII (after)
prime minister John Diefenbaker's government passed the Canada bill of rights
> helped pave the way for the canadian charter of rights, freedoms, had a protection of women's rights
ex. Section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights:
contains guaranteed equality rights.
prohibits certain forms of discrimination perpetrated by the governments of Canada
Rights under section 15 include racial equality, sexual equality, mental disability, and physical disability.
In its jurisprudence, it has also been a source of gay rights in Canada.
Section 15 has been in force since 1985.
9.) First Wave
Mainly focused on inequalities and women suffrage
19th and early twentieth century throughout the world
a full scale feminism movement
The term first-wave was coined in the 1970s
The women's movement of that time, with its focus on unofficial inequalities
example of feminism around the world:
Australia- concerned with suffrage (women's right to vote) and consequently with women's access to parliaments and other political activities.
- Rose Scott helped to found the Women's Literary Society, which later grew into the Womanhood Suffrage League in 1891
women were pursued by the Canadian government to contribute to the war effort
there was an increased need for female workers
worked in factories, sewed clothes for the red cross, cultivating "victory" gardens, and collecting materials for wartime production
women that joined the military were nurses, never in the front line
1969 & 1988
until 1969 abortion=illegal
this was intern, harming women
in 1969, its legalized only if preformed at hospital, approved by the medical committee and be crucial to a women's health
1970 women nationwide mobilized a cross country abortion caravan
1988 Supreme court ruled section 287 of the criminal code was in no force or effect
> 278: stated basically that abortion was a crime
Birth of the women's liberation movement
a- equal wages for equal work
b- elimination of sexual harassment
c- equal job opportunities
d- elimination of sexual exploitation from pornography
to be recognized
12.) Royal Commission
examined the status of women and recommended steps that might be taken by the federal government to ensure equal opportunities for women
commenced on February 1967
Public sessions were conducted the following year to accept public comment for the Commission to consider as it formulated its recommendations.
15.) Charter of rights and freedoms
women's organizations saw this as a opportunity for Canadian women's rights to be represented through entrenchment in the charter
Nov 30, spoke about equality
14.) Canadian women's rights act
gave basic rights to all humans
no discrimination bases on sex, race, religion ect.
same wage earned
made women of all kind in Canada finally equal to men
16.) Montreal Massacre
Canadian feminist activist organization
NAC founded in 1971
pressure group to lobby for the implementation on 167 recommendations made in the commission on the status of women in Canada's 1970 report
largest national feminist organization
Montreal Massacre, occurred on December 6, 1989 at the École Polytechnique in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Twenty-five-year-old Marc Lépine, shot twenty-eight people before killing himself.
began his attack by entering a classroom at the university, where he separated the male and female students.
After claiming that he was "fighting feminism", he shot all nine women in the room, killing six.
He then moved through corridors, the cafeteria, and another classroom, specifically targeting women to shoot
. Overall, he killed fourteen women and injured ten other women and four men in just under twenty minutes before turning the gun on himself.
The note included a list of nineteen Quebec women whom Lépine considered to be feminists and apparently wished to kill.
Many feminist groups and public officials have characterized the massacre as an anti-feminist attack that is representative of wider societal violence against women.