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Libby Baird

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Recycling!

By: Megan Goheen
Libby Baird

Financial Aspects Related to Recycling
Historical Aspects
• Recycling programs that are run well cost less to operate than waste collection, landfilling, and incineration.

• The more people recycle, the cheaper it gets.

• Recycling helps families save money, especially in communities with

o This motivates people to recycle and to create less waste.

• Recycling creates 1.1 million U.S. jobs, $236 billion in gross annual sales and $37 billion in annual payrolls.

• Recycling creates four jobs for every one job created in the waste management and disposal industries

• Government investment in local recycling programs pay a positive return in the form of new jobs.

• Communities have many options available to make their programs more cost-effective. This includes maximizing their recycling rates, putting into place pay-as-you-throw programs, and including incentives in waste management contracts

Two years after calling recycling a $40 million drain on the city, New York City leaders realized that a redesigned, efficent recycling system could actually save the city $20 million. They have now signed a 20-year recycling contract.

Recycling has always been a matter of helping the environment or for economic reasons.
• In the United States the recycling "movement" began in the late 1960s. Believing that Americans were consuming too much of the world's resources - trees, minerals, fuel, water - environmental groups began to stress recycling.

• Americans began to address the problem of litter by enacting bottle bills with deposit fees and restrictions on pull-off tabs, beverage distributors began to collect bottles and cans and sell them to scrap markets or reuse them.

• Gary Dean Anderson was a graphic design artist and his recycling symbol has become one of the most widely known, and important, symbols ever created.

• Paper recycling began in Britain in 1921, when the British Waste Paper Association was established to encourage trade in waste paper recycling.

• Resource shortages caused by the world wars, and other such world-changing occurrences greatly encouraged recycling.

• One event that initiated recycling efforts occurred in 1989 when the city of Berkeley, California, banned the use of polystyrene packaging for keeping McDonald's hamburgers warm.

Scientific and Enviomental
Aspects of Recycling
Public Opinion and Political Aspects
Recent Trends and Discoverings of Recycling
How Can You Improve the Situation?
Other Interesting Information

Plastic bags are easier to recycle and require less energy to produce than paper bags.

Americans throw away enough office and writing paper to build a wall 12 feet high stretching from Los Angeles to New York City.

Each year, Americans throw out enough soda pop cans to reach to the moon and back—twenty times.

One ton of recycled paper uses: 64% less energy, 50% less water, 74% less air pollution, saves 17 trees and creates 5 times more jobs than one ton of paper products from virgin wood pulp.

Over 75% of garbage is recycable, but we only recycable about 30% of it.

When someone recycles just one aluminum can, it can save enough energy to listen to a full album on your iPod. Also, recycling 100 cans could light your bedroom for two weeks.

If every American recycled 1/10 of their newspapers, we could save about 25 million trees each year.
Five Easy Steps
1. Your city can give you directions and tell you where to get a recycling bin for your home.
2. Set up separate bins in your home that will help you sort items before the designated pickup day.
3. Mark your weekly recycling day on a calendar and hang it in a visible spot where you are sure to see it.
4. Make recycling a family hobby by making it a fun thing to do. Tell everyone to consider if something could be recycled instead of thrown away.
5. Discuss the advantages of recycling which include helping the environment and decreasing your household garbage size.


• In a past couple of years aluminum recycling is very popular, and it’s fast growing recycling based industry.

• Using aluminum recycling has increased greatly because of its high market value.

• Americans recycled 79 million tons of waste in 2005—a 2 percent increase over 2004 and a big jump from the 16 percent of waste Americans recycled in 1990 and the 10 percent of waste Americans recycled in 1980.

• Companies are gaining even more money from recycling.

• E-Waste (electronic waste) recycling is becoming more popular in recent years because of free recycling programs.










What is Recyclable and What is Not?

Building Materials
Clinical Waste
Electrical Equipment
Cell Phones
Printer Cartridges
What Makes Something Recyclable?
An item can be recycled if it is able to be melted or constructed by machines to form new and improved objects.
tissue paper
paper towels
wax paper
wrapping paper
any paper product which has the potential to be contaminated with bodily fluids
cardboard lined with plastic (i.e. bubble wrap boxes)
o waxed/waterproof cardboard
light bulbs
mirror and window glass
plastic" baggies"
plastic tableware
Styrofoam container
Where do your recyclable materials go?
How Does Recycling Help the Environment?

Reducing Landfill
Environmental landfills continue to grow larger over the years. This is a major problem for our environment because products that are slow to decompose can remain in landfill sites for centuries. These are often emitting gases that are not healthy for the environment.
One wat to help:
Keeping paper out of landfills is just one simple way to help the environment. Instead of putting it in a trash can, put it in a recycle bin!

Reduce Energy Consumption
When someone recycles an object, it takes less energy to make another object than by manufacturing products from virgin sources.
Making paper that is using recycled pulp, for instance, is much less energy intensive than using new wood.

Decrease Pollution
Waste in landfills send off harmful gasses as it rots. This can pollute the environment. During hot weather, you may have noticed an unpleasant smell. Flies are also attracted to the area. Reducing the items in landfills will help to reduce the pollution that it causes.
How Recycling Helps:
Recycling products also typically emits less carbon, thus reducing the carbon footprint of a product.

One other benefit of recycling is that there is often a significant cost savings to be made when using recycled goods. Some people find that they can make money recycling. Saving money through recycling ultimately helps the environment. If we see a real benefit in our pockets then we are more likely to support the recycling cause.
Homemade compost is a lot cheaper than buying compost.
People's Opinions of Recycling
Why do people not recycle?


This is the number one reason that people do not recycle because in many areas of the country, especially rural areas, curbside recycling does not exist. However, garbage pickup does. Therefore, recycling takes extra effort to drive to the nearest transfer station.

Lack of space-

Many people do not want "garbage" containers laying around their house when their is no more room in the pantry, closet, or other out-of-the-way place.

No Desposit, No Return
Back in the day, people would pay 10c extra on a can or bottle. Then when they were done, they had the choice of throwing the bottle away or returning it to get the 10c back. Nowadays this is not very popular. So, some people have stopped recycling their bottles.


Many people just do not understand how garbage is hurting the environment. They also do not see how just simple recycled materials are made into new things. Sometimes people are in the frame of mind that if is does not affect their everyday life, then why do it.

Too Confusing-
Many people feel like it is hard to determine whether or not an item is recyclable.

Pre-industrial Times
As for the history of recycling before to the industrial revolution, recycling and general household re-using was actually a common practice
Evidence shows that scrap bronze and other metals were collected in Europe and melted down for continueous reuse.
In Britain, dust and ash from wood and coal fires were being downcycled as a base material in brick making.

Industrial Times
The history of recycling took a turn during the times of industrialization.
As it became easier and cheaper to produce goods it also became easier and sometimes cheaper to throw used items away.

World War II
A highlight in the history of recycling was during World War II.
Financial limit and massive material shortage due to war efforts made it necessary for our ancestors to reuse goods and recycle materials.
It became necessary for most homes to recycle their waste, as recycling offered an extra source of materials.

Why do people recycle?
Recycling Saves Energy
Recycling saves energy because the manufacturer does not have to produce something new from raw materials. Instead, it can make the product with recyled materials.

Reduce Landfills
It reduces the need to expand landfills because more "garbage" is created into new things instead of being put into the ground for centuries.

Preserves Resources and Protects Wildlife-

By recycling, we reduce the need to destroy habitats.

Good for the Economy-

Recycling and buying recycled goods creates a bigger demand for those eco-safe products. They use less water, create less pollution, and use less energy.

Helps Climate Problems-
It produces less carbon which reduces the unhealthy greenhouse gas omissions.
Although conservatives and liberals debate amoung many topics, they have come to agreement that recycling is important because of many reasons. For example, it saves energy. reduces landfills and saves wildlife. However, they still debate on how recycling should be funded. Conservates feel that companies should fund it themselves, while liberals would like the government to be more involved.
Conservatives and Liberals

People who live in the community are charged for the collection of city solid waste (ordinary household trash) based on the amount they throw away.
Examples of Jobs:

Residential Recycle Driver, Recycling Coordinator, Recycling Associate, Catalyst Grader, Qualified Recycling Program Research, and more
There are many trends created in 2013 to make recycling more efficient.

In the business industry that has to deal with the public, companies have made a new program called the free recycling program which allows people to send in their products to the business for free to be recycled.

Also, in the year of 2013, the number one most recycled item was car batteries.

Another major trend is pre-recycling. Pre- recycling means that fewer material is used to make a product. As you may have noticed, water bottle caps have become a lot smaller. Also, packaging has become lighter. The reason people do this is to cut down on the amount of plastic and cardboard in landfills. Since pre-recycling began, the amount of plastic and carboard has reduced about 20%.

You may also have noticed that there were more recycling bins i n 2013 than 2012. People have come together to put in recycling bins by public trashcans.
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