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transatlantic slave trade
Transcript of transatlantic slave trade
Slavery is deeply rooted
Ancient Egyptians held slaves.
Romans held slaves
Muslim Traders held slaves.
Once ocean travel had sufficiently advanced,
Europeans simply stepped in and capitalized
on this already established trade.
African societies that had not participated
in the slave trade prior to the European
presence began to do so.
Small African states that lay near the coast served as suppliers to the
Europeans and grew into sizable empires because of their new wealth
Ashanti and Oyo in West Africa are examples.
They supplied European merchants with slaves
that they obtained through warfare with
These states did not merely trade slaves to Europeans;
Oyo, for example, used slaves at its capital to staff its
expanding bureaucracy and on plantations to produce
the surplus food needed to support it. The Oyo state
fell in the early 19th century, partly because it had
been disrupted by a slave revolt.
Spanish and Portuguese
begin slave trading in Africa
Europeans were still smuggling slaves
until the American Civil War, even
though the trade was outlawed in 1808.
(a feeling of superiority)
65 % Northwest Africa
30% Southwest Africa
5% Eastern Africa
60% the Carribean
35% S. America
5% N. America
Of the 30 million taken from their homes:
die During capture phase
die During the Middle Passage
survive To make it over the ocean to be sold
Phases of the slave trade:
The Middle Passage:
most capured 50-100 miles inland
most tribes had no choice in participation
Slaves thought they would not be slaves for life
slaves did not think their children were a part of it
forts were built to "store" slaves in Africa, awaiting transport
Journey over the Atlantic Ocean
400-500 people in a boat with little air and much disease
"Tight Pack"- higher mortality rate, higher profits
"Loose Pack"- lower mortality, lower profits
Slaves were sent to brutal work camps in the Caribean for 4-5 months.
these were meant to "train" them how to be slaves.
Americans were desperate for labor.
It would be harder for Africans to run
away: they didn't know the territory
and it was impossible for them to
Africans were already used to working
at agricultural practices, and were thought
to be more resistant to diseases.
How did slaves fight back?
Open Revolt (rare)
How much did it grow?
1 million in slavery
4 million in slavery
(1/3 southern population)
Why the difference?
The cotton Gin!
Made slavery very productive!
faster cleaning of cotton
Higher efficiency meant more money,
so more slaves were needed in order
to grow more cotton.