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Learning approaches

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by

Ervin Kougija

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of Learning approaches

Learning approaches
Behaviourism
Constructivism
Result
No single theory is the best
Depends on the individual
Best way would be to combine both theories

Key points
Look at observable behavior and doesn’t take emotions or feelings into account.
Sees Humans as being influenced by external factors without having free will (similar to animals)
Outdated psychological approach as it was more popular in the 19th century.


Classical
A Form of learning based on a conditional stimulus followed by a second unconditional stimulus causing a response.
Operant
Based on a random or initially spontaneous action, which is followed by a reinforcement or punishment. The reinforcement increases when the actions are performed.

Oh my god, why?
Two ways of Conditioning in the Theory
Typical life examples
Uniform
Rules
Bad grades as a punishment
Speaking without permission
Roles
Teacher
Active Role, is the superior person in the classroom
Reinforcement of schedules.
Student
Repetitive Behaviour in lessons , receiving reward and punishment

Key points
Experimental learning through real life experience
Deliver information at personal version of the truth
Social interaction
Helping to shape the knowledge

Become creative
Become innovative
Main purpose?
Create new knowledge
Cooperative learning
Strategies ?
Reciprocal Questioning
Jigsaw Classroom
Structured Controversies
Typical life examples
Teamwork
Sharing experience
Use of existing concept
Create new knowledge or theory
Freedom of thoughts
Roles
Student
Learners = Team
Solve problem by using personal perception and skills
High need of motivation
Confidence
Teacher
Facilitator
Observer
Help learner
Full transcript