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Current and Media Affairs in Public Services

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by

Lizzie Calver

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Current and Media Affairs in Public Services

Understand how the Media is Regulated
Media and the Right to Privacy
Example:
P3 Regulation
Regulation
In the UK there has been no specific law in relation to a free standing 'right to privacy'.

Since the implementation of the
Human Rights Act
: HRA (1998), individuals have increased scope to use the law.

Article 8 of the HRA states that the media cannot interfere in the private lives of the public...
INCLUDING
celebrities, politicians etc.
$1.25
Thursday, April 23, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Learning Aims
Assessment 2: Integrity of the Media
Privacy For All?
Activity 1
By the end of this session:
Some people argue that if you choose to go into public life, you are deciding to give up your privacy in return for fame.

What are your thoughts on this?

Current and Media Affairs in Public Services
P4 All of you will be able to
assess
the independence of the media from owners, revenue generators and politicians [CT4]

P3 All of you will be able to identify the methods used in the regulation and self-regulation of the media in the UK

M3 The majority of you will be able to
analyse
the independence of the media from owners, revenue generators and politicians

D1 Some of you will be able to
evaluate
the independence of the media from owners, revenue generators and politicians

The media is regulated by legislation so they cannot breach confidentiality and must preserve the anonymity of individuals who are protected by law.

The Act that supports this is The Data Protection Act (1998)
Bodies which regulate the conduct of the media in the UK:
James Bulger Case:

An example of the Data Protection Act in Practice. The Offenders Received...

Anonymity
New Identity
Protection
In order to
Prevent Retaliation
Take 5 minutes to discuss this amongst yourselves. Be prepared to feedback your points to the rest of the class
"Leave Britney Alone" 50million YouTube views
Article 8 and 10 HRA. Contradictory?
Human Rights Legislation
As already discussed we know that
Article 8
of the Human Rights Act (1998) means that everyone has the right to privacy in home, life, and correspondence.

Article 10
of the same Act states that
"Everyone has the right to freedom of expression"


Privacy (A8) or Freedom of Speech (A10)
Precedence
Activity 2- Group Discussion

Do these two rights appear
contradictory?
If so, which should take precedence and why?
Across Europe Article 10 ha
s
taken precedence over Article 8- giving the press a much strengthened position.
However,
in the UK
the provisions of the Act are not being applied equally across Courts.
-Higher Courts: As Europe Intended
-Lower Courts: Favoring individual Privacy

This highlights discrepancies in the way the Law is applied.
KEY TERM:
Censorship
"The examination of books, films, news etc., that are about to be published and the suppression of any parts that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable or a threat to security."
Benefits
Costs and Benefits of Tight Regulations
Public have a sense that publications and programmes adhere to certain standards

If a media story is incorrect there are various agencies where complaints can be made
Costs
The cost of tight controls is that some stories can't be reported due to privacy and anonymity issues
Should the Media Industry have the Power to Regulate Itself?
P3 Self-Regulation
Activity 3:

Having looked over the current regulations on Media as produced by the government, what are your thoughts on the media industry being able to regulate themselves?

Discuss in small groups, be prepared to feedback thoughts to the group
Self- Regulation
The thinking behind self-regulation is that by encouraging the press to draw up their own policies and standards, and handle complaints themselves, this offers increased flexibility and adaptability.
Self-Regulation is seen as more user friendly for
the Media industry who are able to respond to
complaints faster than governing bodies (PCC)
It is also argued that the media industry will be more likely to accept criticism and censure from a regulatory body that it is part of, rather than accepting criticism from the government.
The Internet
Example: Self- Regulation
Control of the Internet
In the UK, illegal internet content is regulated by the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) which encourages a self-regulatory approach to use it's powers to close down criminal organisations:

Eg: Pornography, Spam, Hacking, Money Laundering
Example:
When thinking about self regulation, think about the recent debates about the controls to protect children from grooming from paedophiles online.
https://www.thinkuknow.co.uk/5_7/
Think about...
Key Areas
Freedom of the Press:
- Free to discuss political issues away from control of government who may have political bias or restrictions

Freedom of Information:
- The Freedom of Information Act (2000) gives individuals or companies the right to request information from any public authority

Bias and Propaganda:
- Propaganda aims to influence opinions. This can be conveyed in the media simply through the selection osf stories, sequences and headlines


Voluntary Codes of Practice
Self- Regulation
The media do conduct voluntary codes of practice.
Example:
Protection of Prince William and Harry during their Studies.

This meant...
They were protected from Media Intrusion
Free from harassment
Checking that any stories published were truthful
Not publishing photographs which infringed their privacy
However...
Some publications pushed these guidelines
In 2000 OK Magazine published photos of Prince Harry on his Gap Year in the Chilean Jungle- (OK argued that this was a public place so there was no infringement)
Representatives took case to PCC who judged that the Prince was in a place the press would not normally have been; therefore his privacy had been invaded.
Ownership and Revenue Generation
MEDIA EMPIRES
"The media is dominated by a few giant global media corporations who own
the majority of western media"
Media Empires
These giant global media corporations mean the media moves towards deregulation and privatisation (move towards SELF-REGULATION).
Such changes during the 1980s led to increased opportunities for media companies to buy up other media assets-resulting in the growth of transnational media companies.
One of the main empires is the News Corporation, owned by Rupert Murdoch which includes/ included:
Rupert Murdoch
Did you know?
According to Forbes, Rupert Murdoch is worth an estimated £5.3bn
News of the World Scandal
Independence of the BBC
The BBC is the largest broadcasting agent in the world and we pay for it through TV License Fees
The BBC is an independent organisation tghat, in theory, should be able to produce or broadcast within reason, whatever it deems newsworthy.
It is completely independent from both Governments and Advertising influence
BBC Self-Regulation
Commercial media companies argue that the BBC has an unfair advantage and does not have to compete in the media marketplace like other companies.
However, supporters of the BBC see this as an advanatge as it doesn't have to cut costs and make poor quality programmes, just to put profits into the hands of wealthy media owners. (Media Empires etc.)
What does this mean for the BBC?
Have a think...
Ownership and Revenue Generation
From looking at the BBC we understand that as an independent organisation they remain free from Political Bias and Influence of advertisers.

Activity 3:

Develop these themes further yourselves and think about the way these two factors can influence and take elements of ownership over parts of the media.

Independent task; 5minutes, jot down your ideas in your notes
Did you get these points down?
Political Bias & Influence of Advertisers
Political Bias
-This refers to the widespread support for a particular viewpoint
- Could be argued that papers are on a political spectrum, following the left or right wing of parties. In the 2010 election: The Sun= Conservative, Daily Mirror= Labour, Guardian= Liberal Democrats.
- Could therefore argue that these papers followed a political agenda instead of being independent
Still Accurate?
Influence of Advertisers
-Advertisers have created tremendous wealth and
revenue
for media.
- In the USA there are some media publications which make 70% of their revenue from advertising and only 30% from actual sales!
-This means if a publication upsets an advertiser they could potentially lose millions
Case Study: The Hutton Enquiry
Personal Study:
Interesting Case Study for you to look in your own time surrounding the BBC and complete government independence.
Ratings V Quality
Ratings:
Important for programmes to be popular if they are to run again in the future.
The more views, the more revenue the channel gains through advertisement as they will pay premium prices for advertisements during popular shows (X Factor).
This focus on revenue has led TV Channels to produce reality programmes which draw high numbers but that aren't necessarily high quality TV.
Quality:
The media are in a difficult situation
The public seek positive news which makes them feel happy- but naturally there will be negative news to report
They are left with the choice of reporting the popular view (increase sales), or the unpopular truth and alienate the people who buy the product.
Have you achieved the Learning Aims?
Finally...
You should all now feel confident when faced with:

Identifying the methods used in the regulation and self-regulation of the media in the UK
And assessing the independence of the media from owners, revenue generators and politicians
In the next session you should start your assessment relating to the above criteria:Task 2 Integrity in the Media
Full transcript