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For or against death penalty

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by

Saber Chahboune

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of For or against death penalty

Capital Punishment
Abolitionist and non-abolitionist countries in the world
Map of abolitionist and non-abolitionist states in the USA
- Citizens in each state vote for/against
capital punishment
Death penalty in the world
Death penalty or capital punishment is a sentence prescribed by law consisting in the execution of a person who has been convicted of a qualifying offense as a "capital crime"
Definition:
1. It Teaches the Condemned Nothing
2. It Does Not Dissuade
Divided opinions
Arguments
for
- In 2013,
137
countries have abolished the death penalty in law
97
have abolished it for all crimes
7
allow it for exceptional crimes
33
are abolitionist in practice
61

still apply the death penalty

- 13th of March, 2013: Mongolia abolised it
Death penalty in France

Abolished in 1981

Murderer were guillotined.



16 U.S. States do not have the death penalty in their legislation
34 states apply the death penalty in their legislation
4. It Is Always Cruel
- Variously considered according to periods and geographic regions

- Recognized and disapproved by international institutions like the United Nations (UN)

- Two industrialized democracies practice it: United States and Japan

- 20 countries have proceeded the death penalty since 2011


1. It is the Ultimate Warning
Capital punishment is the ultimate warning against all crimes. If the criminal knows that the justice system will not stop at putting him to death, then the system appears more draconian to him
2. It Provides Closure for Victims
The surviving victims grief begins with the murder. It may not end with the murderer’s execution, but the execution does engender a feeling of relief at no longer having to think about the ordeal—a feeling which often fails to arise while the murderer still lives on.

3. It Is All That Would-be Criminals Fear
For many criminals, prison is a place they already knew This means that they did not fear life in prison—at least not as much as they would fear capital punishment.
4. Execution is not cruel
Electric chair, hanging and firing squad are very efficient in killing the condemned before he or she is able to feel.
5. It Is the Best Answer to Murder
If murder is the willful deprivation of a victim’s right to life, then the justice system’s willful deprivation of the criminal’s right to the same is a punishment which fits the most severe crime that can be committed.
A little bit of history...
Arguments against
Jean-Laurent Olivier
Roger Bontems
Claude Buffet
Ali Ben Yanes
Christian Ranucci
Jerôme Carrein
Hamida Djandoubi
11 March 1969
28 November 1972
28 November 1972
12 May 1973
28 July 1976
23 Jun 1977
10 September 1977
Multiple child murders after rape
Felony murder
Warden murder while already serving a life sentence
Child murder after attempted murder
Child murder after kidnapping
Child murder after attempted rape
Torture murder
What is your opinion ?
Thank you for your attention...
Law
Social order
Individual freedom
conscience
Justice
Prudence
Logic
Nature
3. It Is Hypocritical
5. Prison Is Hell on Earth
- We cannot rehabilitate a person by killing him or her
- It is irreversible and justice is fallible:
Death row prisoners have already been exonerated after their execution
Capital punishment does not appear to be doing its job. It does not seem to be changing every criminal’s mind about killing innocent people.
The US had a 2012 murder rate of 4.8 victims per 100,000
- It is strange that a nation would denounce the practice of murder by committing the same act
- In the end, though, death is always at least a little painful, no one has ever come back to say that this did not hurt
- It is a violation of fundamental rights of the human being

- It denies the possibility of rehabilitation and second chances
There is an unwritten “code of honor” in prisons that virtually requires inmates to kill such offenders:

- Pedophiles are often gang-raped, castrated, beaten to death, stabbed (sometimes even in front of guards)
- Case of Zacharias Moussaoui (member of the September 11th hijacking team)
- Prosecutor requests this penalty : the process is 2, 3 times more expensive
Full transcript