Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Solar System

unfinished.
by

Andrew Stewart

on 22 October 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Solar System




The planet Earth is over 9.5 million times bigger than the size of Acton
Image Source:
http://www.bostoncoasters.com/sources/234/images/5368-500h.jpg
But the Earth is only one planet in...
Image Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Earth_Viewed_From_Space.jpg
Our Solar System
Background Images:
http://d1jqu7g1y74ds1.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/hartley2lores.jpg
http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/files/2013/02/PerseusCluster_041008_0412141.jpeg
http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01563/stars_1563134c.jpg
The Sun
The Sun is a star at the center of our Solar System. The Sun is really just a giant ball of gas. It is because of the Sun that we have life on Earth.
Image Source:
http://sun-world.net/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/field/image/sun_transparent_background_sun-world.png?itok=r9c0AC8K
Scientists believe that the Sun was formed from a collapsing of gas in an ancient interstellar cloud. This cloud formed our Solar System and most of the mass in this cloud went to the center, which later formed the Sun. The mass in the center eventually began to collapse on itself under it's own gravity. It later started to fuse hydrogen nuclei into helium.
Image Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Earth_Western_Hemisphere_transparent_background.png
Image Source:
http://www.cvadrat.com/imagebank/pngs/planetary/gallery3/Virtual%20Planets%20Mercury%20Planet%2002.png
Mercury
Venus
Image Source:
http://www.cvadrat.com/imagebank/pngs/planetary/gallery3/Virtual%20Planets%20Venus%20Planet%2001.png
The Earth
Mars
Image Source:
http://space-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/mars-transparent.png
Jupiter
Image Source:
http://space-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/jupiter-transparent.png
Saturn
Uranus
Image Source:
http://space-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/uranus-transparent.png
Neptune
Image Source:
http://space-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/neptune-transparent.png
The Sun Pictures
The image to the right is an image of our Sun, Sol. The image was taken September 14, 1999 by the SOHO (Solar and Heliospheric Observatory) spacecraft. Source of Image: http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/jpegMod/PIA03149_modest.jpg
Right: The SOHO Spacecraft. The description of the SOHO project, as stated on their site, is "a project of international cooperation between
ESA and NASA to study the Sun, from its deep core to the outer corona, and the solar wind."
Image Source:
http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/gallery/Spacecraft/large/Bottom02black_prev.jpg
Predictions from NASA-supported laboratories are that the Sun's magnetic fields will soon flip. A total reversal of the fields would have many implications throughout the Solar System. The Sun has a magnetic influence that reaches way beyond Pluto. This magnetic field also protects us from much of the cosmic rays produced from violent events in our galaxy. During a reversal these rays may penetrate into our Solar Systems. This could pose a potentate hazard to space probes and astronauts and some speculate that cosmic rays affect Earth's climate.
Image Source: http://www.leif.org/research/Solar-Polar-Fields-1966-now.png
The Sun's Magnetic Poles Reversal
The Sun has reverses its polarity about every 11 years, as shown in this chart
Interesting Fact 1
The Rotation of the Sun
Interesting Fact 2
Image Source: http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/files/2010/10/rotation.gif
The Sun, like the planets, does rotate. But because the Sun is comprised of hydrogen gas the Sun's rotation varies by the part of the Sun. The way we observe rotation is by looking at the sunspots on the Sun. By doing so we can tell that the Sun rotates about once every 27 days at the equator and about once every 31 days at the poles. This is called differential rotation, which can also be observed in Jupiter and Saturn.
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
58 Earth Days and 15.5 Hours
About 88 Days
None
57.91 million km (0.387 AU)
Mercury Images
Image Source: http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/jpegMod/PIA15161_modest.jpg
Image Source: http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/jpegMod/PIA16666_modest.jpg
Image Source: http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/the_mission/artistimpression/images/MessengerOrbitA.jpg
The following images of Mercury were taken by the MESSENGER spacecraft (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging)
Right. An artists conception of what the MESSENGER spacecraft would look like in front of a planet
The Unseen Half
Interesting Fact 3
Image Source: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/image/spacecraft/mariner10.gif
The Mariner 10 Spacecraft
Until the MESSENGER mission, we did not have close up pictures of a half of Mercury. The pictures we did have came from the Mariner 10 spacecraft which captured
images from 1974-1975. Mariner ran out of fuel and never got close up images of half of Mercury. We did not get these images until 2008 when the MESSENGER spacecraft got very high quality closeups of Mercury.
Einstein's Helper
Interesting Fact 2
Image Source: http://www.nhn.ou.edu/~jeffery/astro/astlec/lec025/perihelion_shift.gif
A Diagram of Mercury's Orbit
When scientists were trying to predict the orbit of the planets with mathematical calculations, they realized there was something wrong with Mercury's movements. They could not figure out why the closet point of Mercury's orbit was moving slowly around the sun. Only with Einstein's theory of general relativity was predicting it possible.
Possible Ice
Interesting Fact 1
Image Source: http://econintersect.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/z-temp59.png
A picture demonstrating the ice of Mercury
Although Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, it is very likely that there is ice on it. There are regions of Mercury which never get sunlight. These areas could be hundreds of
degrees below zero, and water could last millions of years in there. The MESSENGER space craft determined there was excess hydrogen in these region, a compelling piece of evidence for ice.
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
About 243 Earth Days*
About 224 Days
None
108.2 km
(0.723 AU)
*Venus rotates retrograde to Earth
Einstein's Helper
Interesting Fact 1
Image Source: http://www.nhn.ou.edu/~jeffery/astro/astlec/lec025/perihelion_shift.gif
A Diagram of Mercury's Orbit
When scientists were trying to predict the orbit of the planets with mathematical calculations, they realized there was something wrong with Mercury's movements. They could not figure out why the closet point of Mercury's orbit was moving slowly around the sun. Only with Einstein's theory of general relativity was predicting it possible.
Venus Images
Image Source: http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/jpegMod/PIA00257_modest.jpg
The image to the right was compiled using radar images from the MAGELLAN spacecraft and overlaying them on a globe. Information from other missions, such as the Pioneer Venus Orbiter and the Soviet Venera 13 and 14, were used to enhance the picture.
Image Source: http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/magellan/gif/p34252.gif
Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Magellan_-_artist_depiction.png
Left. An artists conception of the MAGELLAN spacecraft by Venus

Right. The MAGELLAN spacecraft attached to the rocket
by Andrew Stewart - P8
The Kuiper Belt
Image Source: http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery/Oort_Cloud.jpg
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
23 hours 55 minutes
365 days 6.5 hours
One
149.5 million km (1 AU)
Image Source: http://space-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/saturn-transparent.png
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
24 hours 35 minutes
687 days
228 million km (1.524 AU)
Two
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
10 hours
4231 days 14.5 hours
778,412,010 km (5.2 AU)
67
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
10 hours 14 minutes
10,752 days 21.5 hours
1,427 million km (9.529 AU)
53 Known
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
17 hours 14 minutes
30,663 days 15.5 hours
2,871 million km (19.2 AU)
21
Period of Revolution:
Number of Natural Satellites:
Distance from the Sun:
Fast Facts
Period of Rotation:
16 hours 7 minutes
60,152 days
4,501 million km (30.06 AU)
8
Image Source: http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery/NEA_Orbits.jpg
The Asteroid Belt
Image Source: http://www.cnes.fr/automne_modules_files/standard/public/p8123_3bf010c5ff3014c0190f4ed6a0d052ddrosetta2.jpg
67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
The Comet
Full transcript