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Antigone contrasts two types of law and justice: divine or r

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Rita Suleyman

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Antigone contrasts two types of law and justice: divine or r

Harrison Bergeron
Antigone and Civil Disobedience
Questions...
On your piece of paper, please answer the following questions:

To what extent is adherence to the law of the state associated with virtue*? Adherence to divine law?

How compatible are divine and state law in Antigone? Where does conflict arise?

Do you agree or disagree?

Antigone’s adherence to religious rites as divine law is as self-serving as Creon’s creation of laws that serve his interests.

*Virtue: behavior showing high moral standards.


What is Civil Disobedience?
Noun

The refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.
Gandhi's " On Civil Disobedience"
Background: Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Mahatma Gandhi studied law and came to advocate for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.

Theme: Rules and Order
Antigone contrasts two types of law and justice: divine or religious law on one hand, and the law of men and states on the other. Because of the centrality of fate and the rule of the gods in the lives of the main characters of the play, religious rites and traditions are elevated to the status of law.
Declaration of Independence
When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
Essential Questions

What is considered an unjust law?

When, if at all, is it our responsibility to protest or break an unjust law?
 
What price should someone be willing to pay if s/he breaks an unjust law?
 


Read Gandhi's " On Civil Disobedience".

Annotate
for understanding and meaning. Use the questions on your sheet as guidance.

Please
be prepared to discuss the passage
tomorrow.


Reading Assignment
Homework: Read Harrison Bergeron (pg 34-40) through a civil disobedience lens and answer the following question in a short response:

One critic has argued that Vonnegut portrays the television as a "kind of desensitizing, numbing, and clearly thought-stifling, rather than thought provoking, medium" that is partially responsible for the state o f society today. Do you agree with this notion? In other words, does the media “guide” what citizens care/think about?
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