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Transcript of Nutrition
It is recommended that primary school aged children ( ages 5 to 12 ) eat healthy, nutritious food from the five food groups.
Nutrition in infancy is most important to ensure an infant has the opportunity to develop and grow. Breast feeding is the healthiest form in providing nutrition in an infant’s life. It is agreed upon by most medical organizations including the National Health and Medical Research Council, as is mentioned in their infant feeding guide. (Nhmrc.gov.au, 2014)
Advantages an infant has with receiving breast milk include:
Builds infants immune system making them less likely to contract:
infection compatible to respiratory infections/ear infections
Provides protection against some chronic diseases such as celiac disease
Beast milk is easier to digest for infants, as it is gentle on their stomachs and creates less wind then formula
Teaching children healthy eating and drinking habits is not only essential for growth and development, but for preventing obesity and many diseases in adolescents and adulthood.
Water is a key nutrient for life needed for many functions and processes in the body.
These functions include the kidney's and regulation of the bodies temperature through sweat.
The recommended daily amount of fluids
5 to 8 years = 5 glasses ( 1 liter )
9 to 12 year = 7 glasses ( 1.5 liters )
13 years and over = 8 to 10 glasses ( 2 liters )
The five food groups
Vegetables and legumes
bread, cereals, rice, pasta and noodles
Red meat, poultry, fish and eggs
Milk, yoghurt and cheese
It is crucial for children to eat a wide variety
of foods across the five foods groups daily
as it essential for children's growth and
Primary school aged children eating an unhealthy diet consisting of high fat, sugary and over processed foods not only lead to fatigue, irritability, tooth decay, lack of concentration and obesity but can also lead to many preventable diseases associated with diet and lifestyle. These diet related diseases include high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol and some cancers can greatly be reduced by eating healthy foods from a early age. ( SA health 2012 )
Healthy eating choices
Vegetable quiche and salad
Assorted fruit wedges
Healthy lunch box
An infant should be introduced to solids when he or she is of 6 months of age. This is to accommodate the nutrimental and developmental necessity needed to continue to develop as breast milk /formula is not enough.
The NHMRC Infant Feeding Guidelines suggests an infant’s first food from the age of 6 months should consist of iron nutritious foods to prevent iron deficiency (Nhmrc.gov.au, 2014) these include:
Eating fresh fruit
The disadvantages for infants who suffer from the deprivation of proper nutrition can lead to malnutrition. The World health organisation (WHO) mentions that infants should be given food initially 2-3 times a day among 6-8 months, progressing to 3-4 times daily between 9-11 months. Feeding young infants care givers need to be an engaging and provide encouragement.
They also need to be aware to infant’s clues of hunger. This is to avoid an infant from becoming malnourished and suffering from hunger and sickness such as iron deficiency that is a result of poor or not enough food. (http://www.who.int/nutrition/, 2014)
Children's bodies constantly lose water through the lungs, skin and urine. During physical activity children can become dehydrated very quickly and it is essential to
replace water more frequently. ( Mathew, D.T. Kidney health Australia 2013)
Nutritionist say you are what you eat.....So does this mean if you
eat an apple and a piece of chicken that you turn red and cluck like
a chicken? No!
Throughout our presentation we have discussed the importance of nutrition through three different life stages. Each stage is equally important for different reasons. The knowledge and development of correct nutritional information shape our future health and give us a longer life.
Children consume nutrients and use them to form bone, connective tissue, energy production, muscle and nerve function. If just an apple and a piece of chicken can do all this for your child can you imagine what their daily intake of food can do to their bodies.
What your child or infant consumes not only gives them energy to thrive, but most importantly keeps their brains functioning and their little hearts pumping.
Why is Nutrition so important?
Nutrition is important for adolescents because it is a significant period of growth and development.
How is this different from other stages?
During adolescence, our appetites increase so it is very important to make healthy choices. This is a time in our life when it is tempting to overindulge on junk food that can be very high in sugar, fat and salt.
Starting off your day with a healthy breakfast has many positive impacts on an adolescent’s learning abilities at school.
A good meal improves cognitive function (especially memory), reduced absenteeism, and improved mood. So not only is having good nutrition good for you physically, it is good for you mentally too!
What are the effects of bad nutrition for
This is a period in life where there can be intense pressure to fit in, and we all know bad nutrition affects us both on the inside and outside. Being overweight or underweight can receive negative comments from peers and lead to psychological issues and eating disorders.
Bad nutrition in the short term can lead to an energy imbalance, and longer term can have severe health risks such as cancer, obesity, high cholesterol etc. It is such an important stage in your life to get nutrition right as it is a time when we get to decide to a higher extent what we eat.
Quick tips for teens
• Healthy choices in school canteen
• Choose not to follow fad diets
• Choose water of soft drink
To have nutritional knowledge is a crucial element in life
It is important to know what is good for us, and what is not
In this presentation we will discuss the benefits of good nutrition for three different life stages: infancy, childhood and adolescence.
We will also talk about the negative effects of an unbalanced diet.
Please enjoy our presentation and feel free to pass our healthy tips on to your friends and family
(Nutrition Australia 2012)
Sources provided are proven to be credible due to all being acknowledged nationally and international, Trademark is shown in each source,
contact /background details and publication references.
All are published in recent year and, presented in a suitable manner where one can access information and provides links to access other compatible resources.
Benefits of healthy eating
Healthy eating pyramid
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NHMRC. (2014) (pp. 1-2). (Original work published 2013). Retrieved from www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/Publication/attachments/n30.pdf.
NHMRC. (2014). National health and medical research council | working to build a healthy Australia. Retrieved 12 Jan 2014, from http://www.nhmrc.gov.au
Nutrition Australia. (2013). Australian Dietary Guidelines 2013. Retrieved January 9 2014, from http://www.nutritionaustralia.org/national/resources/adolescents
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SA Gov. (2014) (pp. 1). (original work published 2012). Retrieved from www.sahealth.sa.gov.au.
World Health Organisation. (2014). Essential nutrition actions. Retrieved January 12 2014, from http://www.who.int/nutrition/EB128_18_backgroundpaper2_A_reviewofhealthinterventionswithaneffectonnutrition.pdf
The information provided has been
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6th style referencing