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Ch 36 The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952
Transcript of Ch 36 The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952
- United States after WW2 was untouched.
- In 1940s, citizens were prosperous.
- United States was full of citizens with money to spend.
- Economy was boosted up.
- GI Bill was formed.
- GI Bill granted soldiers who fought in WW2 houses and education. 2. Describe the large postwar migrations to the Sunbelt and the suburbs.
- Sunbelt: 15 state area stretching from Virginia through Florida and Texas to Arizona and California.
- Pioneers and citizens came to sunbelt in large amounts.
- Sunbelt states had better climate, lower taxes, and open jobs.
- Sunbelt states were much more prosperous than other states. 3. Explain changes in American society and culture brought about by the baby boom.
- Baby boom: Massive growth of newborn babies in United States.
- By the end of 1950s, 50 million babies were born.
- After baby boom, population dropped to normal.
- In 1973, birthrate dropped enough to keep United States existing. 4. Explain the origin and causes of the emerging conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after Germany’s defeat and Truman’s accession to the presidency.
- Cold War: 40 year standoff between United States and USSR.
- Not a war but grew tensity between two big nations among that time.
- Big Three: the three big nation leaders during the time after WW2.
- Big Three consisted of Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin.
- Created organization of United Nations.
- Truman was very average and was able to fight against difficulty. 5. Describe the early U.S.-Soviet Cold War conflicts over Germany and Eastern Europe, and explain why the United Nations proved largely ineffectual in addressing them.
- After WW2, Germany and Eastern Europe was in conflicts.
- Nazi leaders were on trial and were punished.
- Iron Curtain was created in between two sides of Berlin.
- West was independent while East was under control of USSR.
- United Nations were created in order to have peace in the world.
- United Nations wanted all nations to be free of nuclear weapon, and atomic energy.
- Neither United States nor USSR wanted to give up nuclear weapons. 6. Discuss the American theory and practice of containment, as reflected in the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO.
- Truman Doctrine: Policy that U.S. would economically support Greece and Turkey.
- Containment Doctrine: U.S. strategy to prevent communism to spread.
- Marshall Plan: Plan to get Europe back to its feet.
- NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. U.S. joined in order to strengthen to contain USSR.
- These were strategies that U.S. used to stop USSR from spreading communism. 7. Describe the concern about Soviet spying and communist subversion within the United States and the increasing climate of fear it engendered.
- HUAC: Committee on un-american activities. Formed to investigate subversion.
- People joined the communist side as a spy of America.
- Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed for selling America's atomic bomb plans to USSR.
- As Cold War went on, more and more Atomic weapons were made.
- It caused the arms race. 8.Describe the expansion of the Cold War to East Asia, including the Chinese communist revolution and the Korean War.
- 1945, Japan collapsed.
- Korea was separated into two sections, north and south of 38th parallel.
- USSR controlled north while United States controlled the south.
- 1950, North Korea invaded the South Korea.
- President Truman commenced his army to quadruple the size of defense.
- U.S. was able to push the north past 38th parallel.
- Chinese got involved and pushed South back to 38th parallel.
- War ended with South's victory but a treaty to not passed the 38th parallel that divided north and south Korea.