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AP Human Geography Review

Review on Unit 1 By Emilie Christensen, Morgan Major, Huckle Thorpe, Anya Ward, Sarah Plumley

Sarah Plumley

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of AP Human Geography Review

Key Concepts underlying the geographical perspective Morgan Major Huck Thorpe New Geographic technologies, such as GIS, remote sensing, and GPS. Anya Ward Location Absolute: A location can be absolute as in coordinates of a map using longitude and latitude

Relative: examples: next door, close to, near, etc. Space space as absolute; space as relative; and space as relational. There are spaces in geography. For example:Space in between different cities and/or states Place A place is an area that is defined by everything in it. All places are different and have physical features that define them.
If you call your school "a place" you are referring to the windows, doors, and everything in it. Scale The ratio between the size of an area on a map and the actual size of that same area on the earth's surface.

A real world example could be the scale of Alaska on a map to Alaska in real life. Pattern Regionalization The process of separating a area into separate units called regions.
For example: The three regions in the US Globalization The development of an integrated global economy marked by free trade, free flow of the capital, and tapping into cheaper foreign markets.

For example: America has globalization Geography as a Field of Inquiry Evolution of key geographical concepts 1st society Emilie Christensen 2nd Society 3rd Society Sarah Plumley Key Geographical Skills Steps of the 4 Level Analysis All societies practice geography weather they want to or not. It is critical for everyone living on earth. Geographers Ask the questions "where" and "why" to understand the arrangement of people in space. Geography is the study of where things are found on earth's surface and why they are there. SOURCES OF GEOGRAPHICAL IDEAS AND DATA: the field, census data, and satellite imagery Level 1-
What? Where? When? Scale?
Level 2-
Pattern Identification
Level 3-
Why there? How did it get there?
Level 4-
So what? What if? The field -the place of study. Geography is a greek word meaning "earth to write." It was invented by an ancient scholar named Eratosthenes. Spatial patterns are everywhere in geography. A spatial pattern is a perceptual structure, placement or arrangement of objects on Earth. Geographers simply try to "reach the other side." They do this by creating maps, observations, and studies of the "where" and "why" factors. Geography has been around since the beginning of the world. Since the first person stepped outside, or took a walk, geography has been a major concept. For example China is less dense than bigger cities -Geographers do fieldwork to see the different elements through their own eyes GIS -Especially important for
understanding unique
characteristics of a place EXAMPLE: Understanding and Interpreting the Associations Among Places Key Geographical Skills 2 Principle uses:
1. Draw conclusion on patterns
2. Source of inspiration to solve
future scientific studies GIS stands for "Geographic Information System" Finding regional differences in house types. Defining and Evaluating the Regionalization Process Key Geographical Skills The 2nd society would be like someone following a dirt road to see what life was like on the other side Now geographers try to find the "what" and "why" by studying people and the activities that they do on earth. Geography as Field of Inquiry & Evolution of geographical concepts. Sources: Google: Images The Cultural Landscape: An introduction to Human Geography 10th edition. CENSUS DATA -a complete enumeration of a population.
(2 problems) -MOST important data source
for human geographers
(maps) -taken once
every decade.
(2010) EXAMPLE: Satellite-Based Imagery -Satellites that orbit earth and take images sent back to earth -GPS-Global
positioning system
(exact positions) -Remote sensing
satellites scan earth's surface
and are transmitted back to earth
in digital form EXAMPLE: -U.S. satellite image help find munition bunkers in Taji, Iraq
(conflicts) Recognizing and Interpreting Patterns and Processes at Different Scales AP Human Geography Unit 1 Review By Emilie Christensen, Morgan Major, Sarah Plumley, Anya Ward, Huckle Thorpe Key Geographical Skills Global- Gobal patterns and processes affect the whole world. They can include the economy drop of a important country or a war that affects everyone around the world.

National- National patterns affect the people within a nation. They can be the fall of an economy, or a pattern could be school quality within a nation.

Regional- Regional patterns and processes affect people within a region. An example could be when the slavery was abolished in the 1800's.

Local- Local patterns and processes affect people locally. Something could be the event of a business going out of business. Formal (Uniform)- An area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
Example: Montana

Functional (Nodal)- An area organized around a node or focal point.
Example: KSL Radio

Perceptual (Vernacular)- A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Example: The South Characterizing and Analyzing Changing Interconnections Among Places Key Geographical Skills Distance Decay- Contact diminishing and eventually disappearing.

Accessibility- The accessibility affects how much a place is interconnected. Examples of a thing that increases this are highways.

Connectivity- Connectivity is important because it allows people to communicate and help things diffuse. Examples are telephone lines and the internet.

Spatial Diffusion- The spread of things across space. This includes the diffusion of the internet around the world, or diffusion of a store across a state. Knowing about places and their links with other places is important, because it is important to know where things originated and how they got there. It is also important to know, because of the patterns and processes it took to get there.
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