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GLOBALIZATION AND EDUCATION
Transcript of GLOBALIZATION AND EDUCATION
refers to an increasing interconnectedness and convergence of activities and forms of life among diverse cultures throughout the world.
• The term conveys a sense of international forces are driving more and more developments in the world
EDUCATION FOR GLOBALIZATION
Has become a widespread idea in national and international dialogue in recent years.
• Globalization’s shifting & controversial parameters make it difficult to describe it as clearly as a dominant force, both positively and negatively, shaping the environment in which we live.
• It links individuals and institutions across the world with unprecedented interconnection
• Remain a dominant paradigm for the foreseeable future despite of the ambiguities and significance, and anxieties and blackheads it generates.
GLOBAL EDUCATION as distinct from globalization, does what higher education has traditionally aimed to do:
• Extend student’s awareness of the world in which they live by opening them to the diverse heritage of human thoughts and action, and creativity.
After Studying the chapter, you should be able to:
• Identify the characteristics of globalization that are related to
• Describe how socio-cultural, environmental, geographical,
economic, political, and equity issues affect globalization.
• Discuss and explain globalization and education in the
perspective of conflict and consensus theorists.
• Discuss the impact of globalization on the process and
progress of education.
often used to describe the growing integration of economics worldwide through increases of trade, flows and technology transfer.
• Constitute the core of the globalization process.
• Has become an ever more important part of economic, trade, labor and social policy in western countries. (Rinne, 2000)
• Extends students’ awareness of the world in which they live by opening them to the diverse heritage of human thoughts and action, and creativity.
• Places particular emphasis on the changes in communication and relationships among people throughout the world highlighting such issues as human conflict, economic systems, human rights and social justice, human commonality and diversity, literatures and cultures, and the impact of technological revolution.
• A vehicle for the promotion of global education that might itself be seen as the West’s effort to destabilize fragile balances in economic and political systems.
• Should therefore nurture the higher-order cognitive and interpersonal skills required for problem finding, problem solving, articulating arguments, and deploying verifiable facts or artifacts.
• These skill should be required of children and youth who will as adults, fully engage the larger world and master its greatest challenges, transforming it for the betterment of humanity- regardless of national origin, or cultural upbringing.
1. EDUCATIONAL TERMS
• In here, there is a growing understanding that the neo-liberal version of globalization, particularly implemented by bilateral, multilateral, and international organizations, is reflected in an educational agenda that privileges , if not directly imposes, particular policies for evaluation, financing, assessment, standards, teacher training curriculum, instruction and testing.
2. ECONOMIC TERMS
• A transition from Fordist to Post-Fordist forms of workplace organization; a rise in internationalized advertising and consumption patterns; a reduction in barriers to the free flow of goods, workers and investments across national borders.
CHARACTERISTICS OF GLOBALIZATION THAT CAN BE LINKED TO EDUCATION
3. POLITICAL TERMS
• A certain loss of nation-state sovereignty or at least the erosion of national autonomy.
4. CULTURAL TERMS
• A tension between the ways in which globalization brings forth more standardization and cultural homogeneity, while also bringing more fragmentation and cultural rise of locally oriented movements.
• Is undoubtedly an important constitutive feature of modern world and the assumption that it necessarily amounts to the loss of cultural identity.
ASPECT OF GLOBALIZATION
(San Juan, et al 2007)
1. INDUSTRIAL GLOBALIZATION, TRANS-NATIONALIZATION.
Refers to the rise and expansion of multinational and transnational enterprises.
2. FINANCIAL GLOBALIZATION
. Refers to the emergence of world-wide financial markets and better access to external financing for corporate, national and sub-national borrowers.
3. POLITICAL GLOBALIZATION.
Refers to the spread of political sphere of interests to the regions and countries outside the neighbourhood of political actors and potential formation of global citizen movement.
4. INFORMATIONAL GLOBALIZATION
Refers to the increase in information flows between geographically remote locations.
5. CULTURAL GLOBALIZATION
Refers to the growth of cross-cultural contacts.
Refers to the universal, internationalist impulse that the world is connected.
IMPLICATION OF A GLOBAL INFORMATION SOCIETY
• Demand for widening the education access for all.
• Continuous lifelong learning.
• Global versus local cultural developments.
• Creation of new educational networked organizations.
• Changing of educational management.
• Demand for more flexible and general skills.
CORE VALUES AND COMPETENCIES FOR GLOBAL EDUCATION
• Peace and non-violence
• Social justice and human rights
• Economic well-being and equity
• Cultural integrity
• Ecological balance
• Democratic participation
Core Skills and Competencies:
• Self-worth and self-affirmation
• The affirmation of others
• Cultural and racial differences
• Critical thinking
• Effective communication skills
• Non-violent conflict resolution and mediation
• Imagination and effective organizing
SOCIO-CULTURAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL ISSUES ON GLOBALIZATION
1. SOCIO-CULTURAL ISSUES
One of the paradoxes of globalization is that difference is becoming increasingly normative.
• GLOBALIZATION & MASSIVE MIGRATION
– are changing the ways we experience national identities and cultural belonging.
• MANAGING DIFFERENCE
– is becoming one of the greatest challenges of multi-cultural countries. Children growing up in these and other settings are likely than any previous generation in human history to face a life of working and networking, loving and living with others from different national, linguistics, religious, and racial backgrounds.
• GLOBAL CHANGES
– in culture deeply affect educational policies, practices and institutions. Teachers and School need to have the flexibility to cope with and make use of the cultural resources that are in their classroom (Coatsworth, 2004)
2. ECONOMIC ISSUES ON GLOBALIZATION
“What the world seems to be learning is that illiteracy anywhere creates economic and political risks everywhere.” –Bloom, 2004-
• Globalization and Education: An Economic Perspective
– Harvard economist David Bloom argues that because of globalization, education is more important than ever before in history. He claims that growing worldwide inequality, indexed by increasing gaps and income and well-being, generally mimics a continuing and growing global gap in education.
• The Current Cycle of Globalization
– is in part the product of new global media, information, and communication technologies that instantaneously connect people, organizations, and system across vast differences.
– offers the same message as history, said economist and demographer David Bloom. “Education gives a capacity to adapt change”. “Education creates a capacity to mitigate the disparities in the world today that are potentially very destabilizing, both from an economic and a political point of view.”
– will continue to be a vector of worldwide change.
3. POLITICAL ISSUES ON GLOBALIZATION
– all political level, there has been a constraint on national/state policy making posed by external demands from transnational institutions.
Conflict and Consensus Perspective on the Role of Education in Understanding Globalization
– while globalization has created a great deal in economic, policy and grassroots circles, many applications of the phenomenon remain virtual
– is at the center of this uncharted continent foe education is one of the few forces with the potential to mitigate the negative effects of globalization and the inequality it threatens.
ITS IMPACT ON EDUCATION
– has a wide ranging potential to influence all sectors of development. Its impact on the pace and pattern of economic development, it also casts its shadow on the system of education
NEEDED REFORMS IN EDUCATION
1. Content Education
a. Curriculum Up-gradation
– The modern advances in information technology have revolutionized among others, the content of knowledge and the process of education transaction.
• Education – will need rethinking and restructuring if schooling is to best prepare the children and the youth of the world to engage globalization’s new challenges, opportunities and costs.
b. Productivity Orientation
– The basic objective of globalization is to enhance productivity and to make the educational system an instrument in preparing students who can compete in the world markets as productive members of society.
• Education for Globalization
– nurtures higher cognitive and interpersonal skills required for problem finding, problem solving, articulating arguments, and deploying verifiable facts or artifacts.
2. The Fall Out of Globalization
a. Internationalization of Education
– Implicit in the system of globalization is the inevitably of the internationalization of the educational system, particularly at the higher education stage. Became a worldwide phenomenon because of the entry of World Trade Organization (WTO) and the inclusion of educational services under the General Agreement on Trade and Services (GATS).
b. Finance-Related Issues
– In order to be a part of global configuration, the requirement of funds for social services including education will increase manifold.
c. Privatization of Secondary and Higher Education
– As a corollary to the suggestions about reducing public investment in secondary and higher education, a plea has been made to hand over these sectors to private bodies.
Most people believe that globalization is only a matter of industry and business, and that education is no part of this development. However, if we understand education as a part of the information business, education systems can be seen as the core of the globalization process. Recent developments in the education sector like widened education access for all, creation of new educational network organizations (e.g., global virtual universities, virtual schools, and multi-national educational consortiums) point to the implications of the global information society in the education system.
Today, the forces of globalization are affecting youth, families, and education systems worldwide. All social systems are predicated on the need to impart values, morals, skills, and competencies to the next generation. The lives and experiences of the youth are linked to economic realities, social processes, technological and media innovations, and cultural flows that traverse national boundaries with ever greater momentum. These global transformations require the youth to develop new skills that are far ahead of what most educational systems can deliver. Education systems therefore, need both rethinking and restructuring if schooling is to best prepare the youth to engage in globalization’s new challenges, opportunities & costs.
Thank you Sir Celso for everything that you have taught me…Thanks for sharing your life to us…Thank you thank you thank you Sir...Godbless…
With: Jocel M. Pamisaran