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Central Place Theory
Transcript of Central Place Theory
-Regular spaced areas with central places where the same product was sold at the same price located a standard distance apart.
-Includes the region of the village, hamlet and town.
-Includes the region of the village and hamlet.
-Provides some additional goods and services
-Second farthest out.
-Includes the region of the hamlet and some additional goods and services.
Examples of Cities/Countries
-The Central Place in Southern Germany (1933) - set the ground work for the central place theory
-The model predicts where central places (hamlets, villages, towns, and cities) in the urban hierarchy would be functionally and spatially distributed.
-The surface of the ideal region would be flat with no physical barriers
-Soil fertility is the same everywhere
-Population and purchasing power would be evenly distibuted
-Uniform transportation system to connect settlements to one another
-Goods and services can be sold in all directions regardless of the distance
-This is the furthest one out.
-Fewest goods and services available.
A theory formulated by Walter Christaller in the early 1900s that explains the size and distribution of cities in terms of a competitive supply of goods and services to dispersed populations
-Originally applied to Germany.
-Found to be applicable in China and the Midwestern US.
Red star - City
Blue - Village
Yellow - Hamlet
Black - Town
-The larger the settlement, the less there are of them and the farther apart they are.
-The less there are of a settlement, the larger the hinterland, or sphere of influence, of its goods and services
-Places of the same size will be spaced the same distance apart