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Women's Rights: 1800-1860
Transcript of Women's Rights: 1800-1860
1800-1860 By: Natalie McDonald,
and Emily Miller Essay Questions Women's Rights
Activists Women had very few rights in the early 1800s. They were unable to vote or own property. Susan Anthony was born in Massachusetts in 1820, and moved to New York when she was six years old. She attended Deborah Moulson's Female Seminary, a Quaker boarding school in Philadelphia, when she was seventeen. She was always an intelligent woman, and began teaching at a young age to help pay her family's debts. Results of the Movements 1. Explain the hardships of being a woman with in the early 1800s. Be sure to include the few rights they had at the time and the ones they did not.
2. What was the Seneca Falls Convention? Explain the results and the influence it had on women's rights. Lucretia Mott Lucretia Coffin Mott was born on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachusetts. Mott was an American Quaker, abolitionist, women's rights activist, and a social reformer. At the age of thirteen, she was sent to the Nine Partners Quaker Boarding School in what is now Millbrook, Dutchess County, New York, which was run by the Society of Friends. There she became a teacher after graduation. Her interest in women's rights began when she discovered that male teachers at the school were paid three times as much as the female staff. After her family moved to Philadelphia, she and James Mott, another teacher at Nine Partners, followed. In the era before the American Civil War, Susan got involved in the New York anti-slavery and temperance movements. In 1849, when she was 29, she became secretary for the Daughters of Temperance. Susan read articles in the paper about the National Women's Rights Convention in 1850, and a speech by Lucy Stone captivated her. She then began to devote her life to women's rights. After meeting other activists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucy Stone, she became even more involved in movements. Together, Susan and Elizabeth edited and published the Revolution, a women's rights weekly journal. Daily life for women was full of chores and obligations. Most of their life was controlled by the men of their family, leaving them to do household chores and other duties. Their lives were sometimes compared to that of a slaves. Most women were in the lower class, and took up jobs such as seamstresses and serving the wealthier class. They took care of everything that the men had no time to do. Susan B. Anthony Women's Rights Movements Seneca Falls Convention The Seneca Falls Convention was the first to be organized by women and took place in July 1848. It was planned by New York women and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, influenced by the Quaker woman Lucretia Mott. The convention lasted two days, focusing mainly on the role of women in society. The Declaration of Sentiments was constructed, and 100 of the 300 attendees signed the document. The document was presented as part of the women's suffrage movement, in order to help women gain the right to vote. Over the next few decades, women's suffrage became the focus of the women's rights movement. While Stanton is usually credited as the leader of that effort, it was Mott's mentoring of Stanton and their work together that inspired the event. Mott's sister, Martha Coffin Wright, also helped organize the convention and signed the declaration. Soujourner Truth Lucy Stone National Women's Rights Convention Mott and other Quakers refused to use cotton cloth, cane sugar, and other slavery-produced goods. In 1821 Mott became a Quaker minister. Her sermons included her free produce and anti-slavery sentiments. In 1833, her husband helped found the American Anti-Slavery Society. By then an experienced minister and abolitionist, Lucretia Mott was the only woman to speak at the organizational meeting in Philadelphia. Days after the conclusion of the convention, at the urging of other delegates, Mott and other white and black women founded the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. Women began to take their education into their own hands
Emma Willard set up the Troy Female Seminary in 1821
Mary Lyon established Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in 1837
Stanton and Anthony amend Married Women's Property Law in New York, allowing property ownership, suits in court, shared child custody, and the keeping of inheritance
Penn., Indiana, Wisc, Mississippi, & California also recognized the right of women to own property after marriage
Some states passed laws for divorced women; could share child custody with their husband
Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman doctor in 1850
More and more people became involved in the women's suffrage movement, although women didn't win the right to vote until 1920 The National Women's Rights Convention was an annual series of meetings
The first convention was held in 1850 in Worcester, Massachusetts
Combined male and female leadership
Speeches were made on subjects of equal wages, more education and career opportunities, property rights, marriage reform and temperance, and suffrage to women Women's Suffrage Movement After the Seneca Falls Convention, more and more people got involved in fighting for women's rights. Conventions and protests sprang up everywhere
One of the most important movements was the women's suffrage, which started to come about in the late 1800s.
The right for women to vote was something that women and men desperately wanted and fought tirelessly for
Susan B. Anthony was one of many who fought for women's suffrage. She started the National Women's Suffrage Association in 1869 During the Civil War, Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army; after the war, she tried unsuccessfully to secure land grants from the federal government for former slaves. Sojourner Truth was the self-given name, from 1843 onward, of Isabella Baumfree She was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. Her best-known extemporaneous speech on gender inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?", was delivered in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. Truth made many other notable speeches such as her speeches at the Mob Convention, the American Equal Rights Association, and the Eighth Anniversary of Negro Freedom. Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement. Her Declaration of Sentiments, presented at the first women's rights convention held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, is often credited with initiating the first organized women's rights and women's suffrage movements in the United States. Unlike many of those involved in the women's rights movement, Stanton addressed various issues pertaining to women beyond voting rights. Her concerns included women's parental and custody rights, property rights, employment and income rights, divorce, the economic health of the family, and birth control. She was also an outspoken supporter of the 19th-century temperance movement. Lucy Stone was an American abolitionist and suffragist, and a vocal organizer promoting women's rights
She was the eighth of nine children, and grew up on a farm in Massachusetts with a controlling father
She began teaching at the age of sixteen, and asked for raises when she realized she was being paid less than male teachers After the American Civil War, Stanton's commitment to female suffrage caused a schism in the women's rights movement when she, together with Susan B. Anthony, declined to support passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. She opposed giving added legal protection and voting rights to African American men while women, black and white, were denied those same rights. Her position on this issue, together with her thoughts on organized Christianity and women's issues beyond voting rights, led to the formation of two separate women's rights organizations that were finally rejoined, with Stanton as president of the joint organization, approximately twenty years after her break from the original women's suffrage movement. Stanton died in 1902 having authored both The Woman's Bible and her autobiography, along with many articles and pamphlets concerning female suffrage and women's rights. In 1847, Stone became the first woman in Massachusetts to earn a college degree
She was the first recorded American woman to keep her last name after marriage
Stone helped initiate the first National Women's Rights Convention, and also made a speech
She continued to fight for women's rights by organizing local protests and conventions A women's property or inheritance would be controlled by their father, uncle, or brother- any male in their family. If and when they were married, it then belonged to their husband. Their education was significantly less of a priority than that of men. Young men and women were to be educated separately and in different fashions. African American women were used most often as slaves.